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174 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What is communication (per our definition)? ***
the act or process of communicating:

to transmit to others;
to have an interchange
What are 5 types of communication? ***
- verbal
- nonverbal
- reading
- writing
- listening
What factors vary among individuals in the multicultural health care environment? (I believe this is what she means by "subcultures" in the objectives for this unit.) ***
- generations
- race
- religious beliefs
- ethnicities
- education level (her addition)
- sexual preference
- socioeconomic background
- gender
- disability
- philosophy
Values may _______ in the work setting. ***
What are the 5 generations we identified? ***
- traditionalists
- baby boomers
- generation X
- millennials/generation Y
- generation Z
Traditionalists ***

(how many and how old)
- 75 million

- born before 1946
Traditionalists ***

(traits, rewards, preferred feedback)
- patriotic, loyal, fiscally conservative, faith in institutions

- satisfaction of a job well done

- no news is good news
Special considerations for Traditionalists
they are aging, thus affected by many of those types of disease, such as hypertension, heart disease, as well as other chronic diseases which may affect vision, hearing, physical, cognitive, or sensory abilities

they might be taking a variety of medications
Baby Boomers ***

(how many and how old)
- 80 million

- born 1946 to 1964
Baby Boomers ***

(traits, rewards, preferred feedback)
- competitive, question authority, desire to put their own stamp on things, "sandwiched"

- money, title, recognition

- once a year whether you need it or not
Special considerations for Baby Boomers
they are "sandwiched" between caring for adolescent children and aging parents and could be stressed because of this and their own age-related disorders
Generation Xers ***

(how many and how old)
- 46 million

- born 1965 to 1981
Generation Xers ***

(traits, rewards, preferred feedback)
- eclectic, resourceful, self-reliant, distrustful of institutions, highly adaptive, skeptical

- freedom is the ultimate reward

- "So, how am I doing?"
Special considerations for Generations Xers
enjoy being up-to-date with the latest technology and value new learning as a reward
Millennials/Generation Y ***

(how many and how old)
- 76 million

- born 1982 to 2000
Millennials/Generation Y ***

(traits, rewards, preferred feedback)
- globally concerned, integrated, cyber literate, media savvy, realistic, environmentally conscious

- work that has meaning for me

- from a virtual coach with the push of a button
Special considerations for Millennials/Generation Y
multitaskers who prefer regular feedback
Who are the "digital natives"?

The "digital immigrants"?
Millennials/Generation Y and Generation Xers

Baby Boomers and Traditionalists
Difficulties with texting and e-mailing
they are 2-dimensional

60-90% of communication is nonverbal, so much of the message may be missing, and meaning can be misconstrued leading to misunderstandings and even conflict
What other subgroups might you encounter in the workplace? ***
- patients with visual impairments
- patients with auditory impairments
- patients with physical disabilities
What are the 6 stages of the cultural continuum? ***
- cultural destructiveness
- cultural incapacity
- cultural blindness
- cultural precompetence
- cultural competence
- cultural proficiency
Describe cultural destructiveness. ***
- dehumanizing
- people denied services on purpose
Describe cultural incapacity. ***
- unable to work with people from other cultures effectively
- people treated with biases, paternalism, and stereotypes
Describe cultural blindness. ***
- see all people as the same
- presume biases do not exist
- ethnocentric, and assimilation encouraged
Describe cultural precompetence. ***
- appropriately responsive to cultural differences
- acknowledge weaknesses and seek alternatives
Describe cultural competence. ***
- differences accepted and respected
- expansion and adaptation of knowledge, resources, and services
- vigilance regarding dynamics of cultural differences

(This is the minimum APTA strives for)
Describe cultural proficiency. ***
- cultural differences highly regarded
- need for research on cultural differences acknowledged
- new approaches developed to promote culturally competent practice
Why is awareness of self important when living and communicating in a diverse society? ***
- you need to understand your own culture, beliefs, opinions
(because these help create your "filters")
- realize others are different
- basically boils down to respect
What are the 3 elements of active listening?
- restatement (repeat what you heard)
- reflection (verbalizing content and implied feelings of the sender)
- clarification (summarizing or simplifying sender's thoughts and resolving anything that is unclear)
use of touch during communication (some consider it rude)
distance between speaker and listener (varies culturally)
Why is it important to avoid stereotyping based on ethnic and cultural expectations?
differences among members of the same ethnic or cultural group may be as great as those among individuals of different ethnic and cultural groups
making, or avoiding, eye contact (varies by culture)
With respect to different cultures, what other individuals should you ensure you collaborate with?
- the family decision maker (who may not be the patient)
- the culturally accepted caregiver
interaction marked by mutual collaboration and respect, but not necessarily agreement
When people are in rapport:
they have behavioral patterns that become similar in nature
Three types of rapport
- cultural (appropriate dress, greeting)
- verbal (using same/similar phrases as person with whom you are speaking)
- behavioral (mirror posture/body movements and match voice tonality/tempo)
Definition of a professional
person who puts the good of those he or she serves ahead of self-interest
Three domains of learning
- cognitive domain (knowledge, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation)
- psychomotor domain (perception, guided response, complex overt response, adaptation)
- affective domain (attitudes, values, character development, communication)
Cultural competence in the affective domain
- awareness of impact of sociocultural factors
- acceptance of responsibility for understanding cultural dimensions of health and illness
- willingness to make clinical settings more accessible to patients of all cultures
- appreciation of the heterogeneity that exists within and across cultural groups
- recognition of one's own personal biases and reactions
- appreciation of how one's personal cultural values, assumptions, and beliefs affect clinical care
What are the 10 professional abilities (formerly generic abilities)? ***
- stress management
- interpersonal skills
- responsibility
- effective use of time and resources

- communication
- commitment to learning
- constructive feedback (use of)
- professionalism

- critical thinking
- problem solving
Stress management

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
identify sources of stress and effective coping behaviors
Interpersonal skills

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
interact/communicate in a culturally aware manner

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
accountable for actions and follow through on commitments
Effective use of time and resources

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
manage time and resources to obtain maximum benefit
Critical thinking

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
ability to question logically and distinguish relevant from irrelevant behavior

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
communicate effectively for varied audiences and purposes
Commitment to learning

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
identify needs and sources of learning; continue to seek and apply new knowledge, behaviors, and skills
Constructive feedback (use of)

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
seek high-quality sources of feedback and integrate it

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
exhibit appropriate conduct while promoting the profession
Problem solving

(of the 10 professional behaviors/generic abilities) ***
recognizing problems and finding solutions
APTA Core Values ***
- Social Responsibility
- Professional Duty
- Accountability
- Compassion and Caring
- Excellence
- Altruism
- Integrity
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Social Responsibility in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Social responsibility is the promotion of a mutual trust between the profession and the larger public that necessitates
responding to societal needs for health and wellness.

- advocating for the health and wellness needs of society
- promoting cultural competence
- promoting social policy that meets needs of patients/clients
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Professional Duty in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Professional duty is the commitment to meeting one’s obligations to provide effective physical therapy services to
patients/clients, to serve the profession, and to positively
influence the health of society

- providing “optimal care”
- facilitating each individual’s achievement of goals for function, health, and wellness
- preserving the safety, security and confidentiality of individuals
- promoting the profession of physical therapy
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Accountability in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Accountability is active acceptance of the responsibility for the diverse roles, obligations, and actions of the physical therapist including self-regulation and other behaviors that positively influence patient/client outcomes, the profession and the health needs of society.

- responding to patient’s/client’s goals and needs
- seeking and responding to feedback from multiple sources
- acknowledging and accepting consequences of his/her actions
- assuming responsibility for learning and change
- adhering to code of ethics, standards of practice, and policies/procedures that govern professional activities
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Compassion and Caring in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Compassion is the desire to identify with or sense something of another’s experience; a precursor of caring.
Caring is the concern, empathy, and consideration for the needs and values of others.

- understanding the socio-cultural, economic, and psychological influences on the individual’s life in their environment
- understanding an individual’s perspective
- advocating for patient’s/client’s needs
- communicating effectively with others, taking into consideration individual differences in learning styles, language, cognitive abilities, etc.
- designing patient/client programs/interventions congruent with patient/client needs
- empowering patients/clients to achieve the highest level of function possible and to exercise self-determination in their care
- focusing on achieving the greatest well-being and the highest potential for a patient/client
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Excellence in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Excellence is physical therapy practice that consistently uses
current knowledge and theory while understanding personal
limits, integrates judgment and the patient/client perspective,
embraces advancement, challenges mediocrity, and works toward development of new knowledge.

- investment in the profession of physical therapy
- internalizing the importance of using multiple sources of evidence to support professional practice and decisions
- participating in integrative and collaborative practice to promote high quality health and educational outcomes
- conveying intellectual humility in professional and
interpersonal situations
- demonstrating high levels of knowledge and skill in all aspects of the profession
- using evidence consistently to support professional decisions
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Altruism in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Altruism is the primary regard for or devotion to the interest of
patients/clients, thus assuming the fiduciary responsibility of
placing the needs of the patient/client ahead of the physical therapist’s self interest.

- placing patient’s/client’s needs above the physical therapist's
- providing pro-bono services
- providing physical therapy services to underserved and underrepresented populations
- providing patient/client services that go beyond expected standards of practice
- completing patient/client care and professional responsibilities prior to personal needs
How would one apply the APTA Core Value of Integrity in the classroom and the clinic? ***
Integrity is steadfast adherence to high ethical principles or
professional standards; truthfulness, fairness, doing what you say you will do, and “speaking forth” about why you do what you do.

- abiding by the profession's rules, regulations, and laws
- adhering to the highest standards of the profession (practice, ethics, reimbursement, honor code, etc.)
- articulating and internalizing stated ideals and professional values
- using power (including avoidance of use of unearned privilege) judiciously
- resolving dilemmas with respect to a consistent set of core values
- being trustworthy
What are the PTA Core Values? ***
- Altruism
- Caring and Compassion
- Continuing Competence
- Duty
- Integrity
- PT/PTA Collaboration
- Responsibility
- Social Responsibility
Our definition of Altruism

(from PTA Core Values) ***
putting the patients'/clients' needs ahead of your own self interest
Our definition of Caring and Compassion

(from PTA Core Values) ***
- compassion - the desire to identify with or sense something of another's experience, a precursor of caring

- caring - the concern, empathy, and consideration for the needs and values of others
Our definition of Continuing Competence

(from PTA Core Values) ***
lifelong learning in regards to expanding and improving work knowledge and skills, as well as constant self-reflection, personal development, and improvement
Our definition of Duty

(from PTA Core Values) ***
as a health care provider of physical therapy, you have the obligation to provide superior service and promote the well-being of society
Our definition of Integrity

(from PTA Core Values) ***
doing the right thing even when no one is looking
Our definition of PT/PTA Collaboration

(from PTA Core Values) ***
health care professionals working together to achieve high-level patient/client care to enhance the overall health care system
Our definition of Responsibility

(from PTA Core Values) ***
accepting the role one is given in order to function in an effective, safe, and professional manner, along with accepting responsibility for one's actions
Our definition of Social Responsibility

(from PTA Core Values) ***
utilizing our education and background to advocate for and serve our patients/clients while promoting the profession to the community
HIPAA stands for ***
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
When did HIPAA become law? ***
What was originally the main objective of HIPAA? ***
to help employees maintain and transfer their health insurance from one job to another
What other provisions were added to HIPAA? ***
provisions to protect the health information of the individual
What are the 2 titles under HIPAA? ***
1 Title I: Health Care Access, Portability, and Renewability
2 Title II: Preventing Health Care Fraud and Abuse; Administrative Simplification; Medical Liability Reform
What does Title I of HIPAA address? ***
the ability of individuals to access and renew health care coverage, as well as the ability to transfer health care when they change jobs
When was compliance with HIPAA mandated? ***
by 2003, with some exceptions until 2004
What is covered under Title II of HIPAA? ***
Title II: Preventing Health Care Fraud and Abuse; Administrative Simplification; Medical Liability Reform
What portions of Title II of HIPAA did we discuss? ***
Under the Administrative Simplification portion of Title II, we discussed:

- the Privacy Rule,
- the Transactions and Code Sets Rule (which we called the Electronic Communication, or the Electronic Transactions Rule), and
- the Security Rule
What does PHI stand for? ***
Protected Health Information
What types of information are considered Protected Health Information? ***
any health information that could reveal the identity of a patient, such as:

- patient name, address, phone number
- health insurance number
- social security number
- any other information that might identify the patient
What is the purpose of Title II's Transactions and Code Sets Rule? ***

(a.k.a. Electronic Communication or Electronic Transactions Rule)
to provide national standards for communicating health information between entities to reduce paperwork and increase efficiency for:

- claims processing
- payment
- establishing eligibility and coverage under health plans
What is the purpose of Title II's Privacy Rule? ***

(a.k.a. "Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information")
to protect the PHI of individuals from inappropriate use or disclosure
To what forms of PHI does the Privacy Rule apply? ***
- written
- spoken
- electronic
- any other form of communication
Under the Privacy Rule, PHI cannot be disclosed unless: ***
- authorized by the patient or someone legally acting on the patient's behalf, or

- disclosure is specifically permitted or required under the Privacy Rule
Under the Privacy Rule, PHI can be disclosed for: ***
- treatment
- payment
- normal business operations
Can state laws take precedence over HIPAA mandates? If so, when? ***
Yes, if the state laws are more stringent than the HIPAA standards
What notice must health care plans and providers give to covered individuals? ***
a written "Notice of Privacy Practices" describing:

- how their medical information may be used and disclosed
- what the individual's rights and responsibilities are
How must the "Notice of Privacy Practices" be given? ***
- in writing at initial service

- posted prominently

- only needs to be given once, unless changes are made
When may diagnosis and treatment begin without written acknowledgement of receipt of "Notice of Privacy Practices"? ***
in an emergency, when written acknowledgement cannot reasonably be obtained
What PHI may be communicated for treatment? For payment? ***
- for treatment, any PHI important to the patient receiving proper care may be communicated to the other provider who is directly involved in patient care

- for payment or normal business operations, only the minimum necessary information to justify payment or conduct required business may be communicated
Each health care organization must appoint a _____ _____ to: ***
Privacy Officer

- assist in developing policies and procedures for handling PHI, and
- monitoring compliance with these policies and procedures
What did Congress adopt to prevent unauthorized people from gaining access to PHI? ***
the Security Rule

(a.k.a. "Standards for Security of Protected Health Information")
How is security defined, with respect to HIPAA and the Security Rule? ***
the ability to control access to information and to protect information from alteration, destruction, loss and accidental or intentional disclosure to unauthorized persons
A Security Officer must be appointed to: ***
- assess risks and vulnerabilities to PHI, and
- to implement security measures for protection of health information
List some security weaknesses ***
- leaving PHI accessible or visible on a desk
- failure to use screen savers and passwords
- incorrect disposal of records containing PHI
- failure to report security incidents/loss of PHI
- lack of virus protection
- lack of appropriate physical safeguards
- use of sign-in sheets with PHI on them
- terminal screen visible from waiting room
Providers must take ______ steps to make sure PHI is kept private. ***
What are some civil/criminal penalties for failure to reasonably safeguard PHI? ***
- $100 fine if the person should have known better
- $50,000 and/or 1 year prison for intentional inappropriate use
- $100,000 and/or 5 years prison for inappropriately accessing PHI under false pretenses
- $250,000 and 10 years prison for knowingly disclosing or obtaining PHI to do malicious harm or for commercial or personal gain
What is the mission of APTA? ***
the mission of APTA, the principal membership organization representing and promoting the profession of physical therapy, is to:

further the profession's role in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of movement dysfunctions and the enhancement of the physical health and functional abilities of members of the public
What is the function of the APTA? ***
APTA is the national organization that represents physical therapy, and serves both members and the public by:

- promoting quality practice, education, and research
- promoting ethical principles
- influencing policy
- promoting professional development
- promoting education and research
- promoting appreciation of diversity
- maintaining a stable financial base
What are the goals/priorities of the APTA? ***
When were they established?

(know 6 for the test!)
APTA Goals approved in 2005:

- autonomous practice/direct access (IV)
- practitioners of choice for conditions affecting movement/function (I)
- research and evidence-based practice (V)
- promoting fitness, health and wellness (II)
- appropriate remuneration (IV)
- ethical behavior, competence, collegial relationships (VI)
- instill value of belonging to APTA (VII)
- APTA documents are foundation of practice, research and education (VIII)
When was APTA first established, and what was it called? ***
1921 - American Women's Physical Therapeutic Association
What was the second name of APTA and when was it adopted? ***
1922 - American Physiotherapy Association
When did APTA come to be? ***
How is membership in APTA organized? ***
There are 3 tiers:

- national level (APTA)
- chapter (state) level (Texas - TPTA)
- district level (ours is Central District)
Is membership in APTA required? ***
What are the APTA membership categories? ***
- PT Member
- PTA Member
- Student PT
- Student PTA
- Life
- Retired
- Corresponding
- Honorary (not a member of any other category, but made outstanding contributions to APTA or public health)
- Catherine Worthingham Fellow (PT member for at least 15 years who made notable contributions to the profession; may use initials "FAPTA")
What are the APTA membership requirements? ***
- enrolled in or graduate of accredited program (or grandfathered)

- sign pledge agreeing to ethical practice

- apply and pay dues
What are the four components of APTA? ***
- Chapters
- Districts

- Sections (national level only)
- Assemblies
How many chapters does APTA have? ***

50 states and District of Columbia (Puerto Rico is no longer a chapter)
What is the purpose of the chapter? ***
- allows for participation at the state level

- allows for PROPORTIONATE representation at the national level (HOD)
What purpose does the district serve? ***
it is the most local organizational unit

don't exist in all jurisdictions

provides basis for representation at the next level (chapter)

may not charge dues
How do you know to which district you belong? ***
based on location of residence or employment
How many districts does Texas have, and to which one does San Antonio belong? ***

Central District
What are sections? ***
- allow members with similar interests to meet

- organized at national level exclusively

- voluntary, but APTA membership and additional fees are required
How many sections currently exist? ***
Sections may be further divided into: ***
Special Interest Groups (SIG)

while SIGs are authorized at chapter, section, and assembly levels, they are most common in sections
The 18 APTA sections come together: ***
annually at the Combined Sections Meeting in February
What are some of the sections? ***
- acute care
- aquatic physical therapy
- cardiovascular and pulmonary
- clinical electrophysiology and wound management
- education
- federal physical therapy
- geriatrics
- hand rehabilitation
- health policy and administration
- home health
- neurology
- oncology
- orthopaedic
- pediatrics
- private practice
- research
- sports physical therapy
- women's health
What are assemblies? ***
a mechanism for members with common interests to meet and promote objectives

they are similar to sections, the difference being that they are composed of members of the same class (category) and may exist at state and national levels
How many national assemblies does APTA currently have? What are they? ***
only one

the Student Assembly
What is the Student Assembly? ***
the national assembly for PT and PTA students

(this is also an exception to assemblies being members of the same class/category, as PT students and PTA students would normally be of different classes/categories)
When was the Student Assembly approved, and by whom? ***
in 1990

by the HOD
May assemblies be further divided? ***

into Special Interest Groups (SIG)
In the past, there was another assembly. Name it. ***
the Affiliate Assembly, created in 1989

(for PTAs, who were affiliate members of APTA
PTs were active members)
When was the affiliate member category created, and who was an affiliate member? ***

PTAs were affiliate members
What privileges did affiliate members hold? ***
they could:

- attend all meetings
- speak and make motions
- serve as chapter affiliate delegates
- assert 1/2 vote in component-level (chapter/section) elections and within chapter's delegation to HOD
When did the HOD approve the Affiliate Assembly? ***

(to replace the Affiliate Special Interest Group of 1983)
What did the Affiliate Assembly allow? ***
PTAs to meet at national level
In 1992 the HOD voted to allow PTAs to:
hold office at component (chapter/section) level, but not president
What happened to PTA membership in APTA in 1998? ***
HOD passed RC-1, creating:

- National Assembly of PTAs (a.k.a. the National Assembly--structured like HOD)
- Representative Body of the National Assembly (RBNA)
How did creation of the National Assembly and RBNA affect PTAs? ***
- they were included in the representation without having to pay extra dues, however,

- the 2 RBNA delegates to the APTA HOD could speak, debate, and motion, but could not vote

RBNA met separately from the HOD and addressed only PTA issues, so PTAs no longer really had a voice in the HOD and became disenfranchised
After disenfranchised PTAs left APTA in droves, what happened to the National Assembly/RBNA? ***
RBNA was dissolved in 2005

replaced by Advisory Panel of PTAs and the PTA Caucus
What happened to PTA representation in 2005? ***
PTA Caucus and
Advisory Panel of Physical Therapist Assistants
were established by the HOD
Who comprises the PTA Caucus? ***
- Chief Delegate
- 4 Delegates
- 51 PTA Caucus Chapter representatives
When does the PTA Caucus meet? ***

immediately prior to the annual meeting of the HOD
What functions does the PTA Caucus carry out? ***
- provides representation for the PTA member in APTA governance
- open forum to identify current issues
- elects 5 non-voting PTA Delegates to HOD (Chief Delegate and 4 Delegates)
What function does the PTA Advisory Panel carry out? ***
- gives advice to BOD regarding PTA issues
- reports directly to BOD
How many PTA members comprise the Advisory Panel of Physical Therapist Assistants? ***
On what other panels may PTAs sit? ***
there is a position reserved for a PTA on the:

Advisory Panel of Practice,
Advisory Panel of Education, and
Advisory Panel of Membership Recruitment and Retention
What was the purpose of the recent structural changes in APTA and PTA representation? ***
to more fully integrate PTA members into APTA governance structure
What are the criteria for recognition of advanced proficiency? ***
- current member of APTA
- 5 years work experience (2000 hours total and 500 in past year in one of the categories)
- 6 CEUs within last 5 years with 75% in selected category
- above average job performance
- at least 3 leadership activities, with at least one in physical therapy/health care
In what categories may a PTA receive recognition of advanced proficiency? ***
- musculoskeletal
- neuromuscular
- cariovascular & pulmonary
- integumentary
- geriatrics
- pediatrics
What is the APTA HOD and what powers does it have? ***
House of Delegates--highest policy-making body of APTA

- has all legislative and elective powers and authority to determine policies of APTA
- can amend and repeal bylaws
- can amend, suspend, or rescind the Standing Rules
- can adopt ethical principles to govern conduct of members
- can modify or reverse a decision of the BOD
Who comprises the HOD? ***
- voting delegates (proportional representation) from all chapters
- nonvoting delegates from each section, Student Assembly, PTA Caucus, and BOD

- Chapter - at least 2 delegates each, depending on population
- Section - 1 delegate each (18 total)
- Assembly - 2 delegates (Student Assembly)
- PTA Caucus - 5 delegates
- BOD - 6 officers and 9 directors
When does the HOD meet? ***
at the annual APTA conference; in June (PT XXXX)
Who can vote or speak at the HOD meeting? ***
all delegates can speak

only chapter delegates can vote
What is the purpose of the BOD? ***
to carry out the mandates established by the HOD

(via forming committees, etc.)
Who comprises the BOD?
6 officers of APTA
9 directors
What are some organizations associated with APTA? ***
- American Board of PT Specialties (ABPTS)
- Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE)
- Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy
- Foundation for Physical Therapy
- Trialliance
- World Confederation of Physical Therapy
- American Academy of Physical Therapy
What does the American Board of PT Specialties do? ***
recognizes PTs with advanced knowledge, skill, and experience

board-certified clinical specialties

criteria similar to recognition for advanced proficiency for PTAs (active APTA member, 2000 hours in specialty, but also must pass an exam)

created by HOD in 1978
What are the approved specialty areas for PTs, per the ABPTS?
- cariovascular and pulmonary
- clinical electrophysiologic
- geriatric
- neurologic
- orthopaedic
- pediatric
- sports
- women's health
How many PTs have been recognized with clinical specialties? ***
over 6,000 (website says 10,348)
What is the purpose of CAPTE? ***
accredits PT and PTA education programs
Who comprises CAPTE and who appoints them? ***
comprised of 26 members from education community, PT profession, and the public

APTA BOD (although CAPTE is technically independent of APTA)
What is the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy? ***
a body that maintains and administers state board exams for PTs and PTAs

promotes uniformity among the states
What does the Foundation for Physical Therapy do? ***
financially supports research for evidence-based practice

increases the number of PT researchers

established by HOD in 1979
Who comprises the Trialliance? ***
- American Speech-Language and Hearing Association

formed in 1988
What does the Trialliance do? ***
meets to discuss similar concerns

alliance creates greater lobbying strength
Who comprises the World Confederation of Physical Therapy and what do they do? ***
92 member nations (106 per WCPT.org)

meet annually, international congress every 4 years to discuss global health issues
Who does the American Academy of Physical Therapy support? ***
Black Americans and other minorities

formed in 1989
What are the benefits of belonging to APTA? ***
- voice is heard
- lobbying to legislature
- access to current information
- continuing education
- access to website/Medline
- networking
- research funding/activities
- credit card, insurance discounts
What was the first formalized representative structure for PTAs?

When was it formed?
Affiliate Special Interest Group (ASIG)

How have PTAs been represented in APTA over the years?
- Affiliate Special Interest Group (ASIG) - (1983)
- Affiliate Assembly (1989)
- National Assembly of Physical Therapy Assistants (1998) along with
- Representative Body of the National Assembly (RBNA) (1998)
- Advisory Panel of PTAs (2005) along with
- Physical Therapist Assistant Caucus (PTA Caucus) (2005)
At what levels are SIGs authorized? Where are they most common?
within chapters, sections, and assemblies

most common in sections
How are assemblies similar to sections?

How do they differ?
assemblies are similar to sections in that they allow members with common interests to meet, confer, and promote their objectives

they differ in that they may appear at either state or national level (sections are exclusively national)

also, assemblies are comprised of members of the same class (category) such as student, or PT member, etc.
What is the highest policymaking body of the APTA?
Who appoints members of CAPTE?
What is the typical size of the HOD?
just over 400 delegates (arrived at by a complex formula)
Where is APTA headquarters?
Alexandria, Virginia
What did the APTA formulate in 1967?
A proposal for creation of physical therapy assistants (later physical therapist assistant)
What did the APTA HOD adopt on 5 July 1967?
The policy statement, "Training and Utilization of the Physical Therapy Assistant"
What constitutes a profession, according to Moore?
- Lifetime commitment
- Representative organization
- Specialized education
- Service to clients
- Autonomy of judgment
When did the APTA HOD adopt its mission statement and related policy?
What are the key components of Vision 2020?
- autonomous practice
- direct access
- provider of choice
- evidence-based practice
- professionalism
How does the AMA outline patient rights?
- the right to receive information from physicians and to discuss the benefits, risks, and costs of appropriate treatment alternatives
- the right to make decisions regarding the health care that is recommended by the physician
(above 2 = informed consent)

- the right to courtesy, respect, dignity, responsiveness, and timely attention to health needs
- the right to confidentiality
- the right to continuity of health care
- the basic right to have adequate health care