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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Psychological Disorders
Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Psychological disorder marked by the appearance of age 7 of one or more of the 3 key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity.
Medical Model
The concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured.
Biopsychosocial Approach
Psychologists contend that all behavior arises from the interaction of nature and nurture.
Widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
Anxiety Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
An anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
Panic Disorder
An anxiety disorder marked by unpredicatable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking or other frightening sensations.
An anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
An anxiety disorder marked by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawl,jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
Observational Learning
We as humans may learn fear through observational learning-observing other's fears.
Mood Disorders
Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
Major Depressive Disorder
A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
A mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
Bipolar Disorder
A mood disorder in which teh person alternates between the hoplessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
Memory processing center linked with the brain's emotional circuitry; vulnerable to stress-related damage.
A neurotransmitter that increases arousal and boosts mood, is scarce during depression and overabundant during mania.
Association Studies
Studies that search for correlations between more specific DNA variation and a population trait.
Neurotransmitter scarce during depression.
Learned Helplessness
Linked to depression, the phenomena in which animals and humans who are repeatedly exposed to hurtful or stressful situations beyond their control will sink into lethargy or anxiety.
A group of severe disorders marked by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions.
False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
Sensory experiences without sensory stimulation. Often auditory and take the form of voices.
Immobility, extreme negativism and/or parrotlike repeating of another's speech of movement.
Negative Symptoms
The absence of appropriate behaviors.
Positive Symptoms
The presence of inappropriate behaviors.
Believed that too much of this neurotransmitter is responsible for schizophrenia.
Personality Disorders
Psychological disorders marked by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
A personality disorder in which the person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive, ruthless or a clever con artist.