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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cross sectional studies
Examine change over time by studying groups of different ages. Very good at describing differences between age groups not good at looking at change in an individual.
Longitudinal Studies
Studies change in individuals over time
Preferential looking technique
A method at studying infant perception which introduces two objects and notes whether the infant looks at one object more more than the other which can help determine if it distinguishes between the two and is more interested in one.
Orienting Reflex
Tendency of humans to pay more attention to a novel stimulus.
A decrease in response due to repeated exposure to a stimulus.
The process through which a new experience is placed into an existing schema.
The process through which a schema is adapted or expanded to incorporate a new experience that does not easily fit into an existing schema.
Sensorimotor stage
The first stage in Piaget's theory of cognitive development in which infants acquire information about the world through their senses and respond reflexively. Differentiates self from objects. Begins to act intentionally. Achieves object permanence.
Preoperational period (2-7)
Learns to use lang. and to represent objects with images/words. Thinking still egocentric...difficult to take viewpoint of others. Classifies objects by single feature E.G. color or shape.
Concrete operational
Can think logically about objects/events. Achieves conservation of number(age 6), mass (7), and weight (9). Classifies objects by several features and can order them in a series.
Formal operational
Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically. Becomes concerned with the hypothetical, future, and ideological.
Theory of Mind
Term used to describe the ability to explain and predict behavior in terms or other people's mental states.