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42 Cards in this Set

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James-Lang Theory

The body reacts, then the mind interprets.

Cannon-Bard Theory

The mind and body react at the same time.

Schacter-Singer Theory

Arousal is interpreted by context. Fear, anger, excitement all same systems.

Zajonc theory of emotion

Emotions happen before interpretation of situation.

LeDoux theory of emotion

Some emotions(likes, dislikes, fears) bypass prefrontal cortex during interpretation.

Lazarus theory of emotion

Appraisal

Alarm

Recognize threat, mobilize resources. Sympathetic activation.

Resistance

Reinforce resources. HPA activation

Exhaustion (or recovery)

Resources exhausted or situation resolved, return to baseline.

Alarm: sympathetic nervous system

Epinephrine/Norepinephrine. Neural. All systems are activated together.

Resistance: HPA axis

Cortisol. Fuels the sympathetic response. Alters whole body functions.

Allostatic load

Allostatic changes can no longer maintain the system at normal functioning. Health problems begin to develop.

Barrier immune system

Skin, GI acids, nasal cilia

Innate immune system

Fast, nonspecific

Adaptive immune system

Slower, targeted

B cells

Plasma cells produce antibodies

Threat

Anticipated loss. Distress

Challenge

The possibility of either loss or gain. Eustress.

Psychological disorder

Clinically significant disturbance in cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior.

Generalized anxiety disorder

No specific course of fear.

Panic disorder

Sudden overwhelming fight or flight response.

Obsessions

Inescapable anxiety about a specific thought. Cleanliness, disasters, patterns

Compulsions

Behaviors to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession. Hand washing, checking everything, rituals.

Schizophrenia positive symptoms

Things that are there that shouldn't be. Hallucinations, paranoia, delusions, inappropriate emotional expression, word salad.

Schizophrenia negative symptoms

Things that are not there that should be. Catatonia, flat affect, amotivation.

Prodromal schizophrenia

Social withdrawal, acting odd, emotional lability, short attention span, poor coordination.

Schizoid

Social withdrawal, flat affect

Schizotypal

Like schizophrenia

Histrionic

Attention demanding

Borderline

Disturbed emotional regulation. Unstable sense of identity

Antisocial

Sociopathy. Lack empathy or guilt.

Avoidant

Fear of inadequacy or judgement

Cognitive therapy

Thinking colors our feelings. Teach more constructive ways of thinking.

Psychodynamic

Interpersonal psychotherapy. Therapist is explorer and guide.

Eclectic approach

Using many different approaches

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive therapy and practicing healthy behaviors.

Dialectical behavioral therapy

Mindfulness. Identify triggers, teach coping, acceptance, and self regulation.

Humanistic

Client centered therapy. Active listening. Unconditional positive regard.

Rational emotive behavior therapy

Problems arise from irrational thinking.

Epigenetics

The study of gene environment interactions.

Anhedonia

Reduced ability to feel pleasure.

Delusion

False belief that is held despite disconfirming evidence.