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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Initiation Rites
Ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to new status or accepted into a new position (rites of passage)
Sexual maturation; The end of childhood and the point where reproduction becomes first possible
The condition during adolescence in which the growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven.
The first menstrual period
The period during which males achieve first ejaculation
A process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self-esteem
Identity Crisis
A period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are
Social Learning Theory
Albert Bandura's view of human development; emphasizes interaction
A small, exclusive group of people within a larger group
Acting in accordance with some specified authority
Anorexia Nervosa
A serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss
Bulimia Nervosa
A serious eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives
Gender Identity
The sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual belongs
Gender Role
The set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex
Gender Stereotype
An oversimplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and women
Combining or blending traditionally male or female characteristics
Gender Schema
A set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave
Origins of Gender Differences
Biological Theory, Psychoanalytical, Social Learning Theory, Cognitive - Development Theory
Role of the Family
Become independent from the family; Major task for adolescents
Role of Peers
Adolescents use them to define themselves; form along class lines
Role of Cliques
Fulfills the need for closeness, helps form an identity, leads to conformity, chosen with values of parents
Formal Operations
The thinking patterns that emerge during adolescence
Identity Foreclosure Adolescents
James Marcia identified teens who make a firm commitment about issues based on the suggestions of others
Identity Moratorium Adolescents
Seriously considering the issues but haven't made commitments on any important matters facing them
Erik Erikson
Characterized adolescence as a time in which the teen faces an identity crisis
Lawrence Kohlberg
Studied the development of moral thinking
Messiah Complex
Teens who often idealize things when they compare what could be to what actually is. Teens who take this to an extreme develop this
Adolescents deal with strong emotional feelings using this
Margaret Meed
Believed culture influenced development
Albert Bandura
Human development is continuous; Adolescents develop in all stages by interaction
Problems Facing Adolescents
Finding fault with authority figures, argumentativeness, indecisiveness, self-consciousness, invulnerability, apparent hypocrisy
Role of Abstract Thinking
Allows once to examine one's self ethics and motives, allows rationalization, etc.
Teenagers that are depressed appear this way
Stage 6 of Kolhberg's Framework
Where the Golden Rules falls
James Marcia
This person said that finding your identity is the number one task during adolescence; "commitment categories"
Robert Havinghurst
Came up with 9 different tasks adolescents must master
Sandra Bem
Said that we should all be and accept androgyny as it allows flexibility