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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Attachment Theory

the view that infants are biologically predisposed to form emotional bonds with caregivers and that the characteristics of those bonds shape later social and personality development


the emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant, from which the child derives security


a mutual, interlocking pattern of attachment behaviors shared by a parent and child

stranger anxiety

expressions of discomfort, such as clinging to the mother, in the presence of strangers

Seperation anxiety

expressions of discomfort, such as crying, when seperated from an attachment figure

Social referencing

an infant's use of others' facial expression as a guide to his or her own emotions

Secure attachment

a pattern of attachment in which an infant readily seperates from the parent, seeks proximity when stressed, and uses the parent as a safe base for exploration

insecure/avoidant attachment

a pattern in which an infant avoids contact with the parent and shows no preference for the parent over other people

Insecure/ambivalent attachment

a pattern of attachment in which the infant shows little exploratory behavior, is greatly upset when seperated from the mother, and is not measured by her return of efforts to comfort him.

Insecure/disorganized attachment

a pattern of attachment in whcih an infant seems confused of apprehensive and shows contradictory behavior, such as moving toward the mother while looking away from her

Autisim spectrum disorders (ASD)

a group of disorders that impair an individual's ability to understand and engage in the give-and-take of social relationships


a pattern of responding to people an objects in the environment


inborn predispositions, such as activity level, that form the foundations of personality

Niche picking

the process of selecting experiences on the basis of temperament


the degree to which an infant's temperament is adaptable to his or her environment and vice versa

Subjective self

an infant's awareness that she or he is a seperate person who endures through time and space and can act on the environment

objective (categorical) self

a toddler's self understanding that she or he is defined by various categories such as gender or qualities such as shyness.