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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Medical model
Sees psychological conditions through the same lens as western medicine tends to see physical conditions - as sets of symptoms, causes and outcomes, with treatments aimed at changing physiological processes in order to alleviate symptoms
Whether it causes distress to oneself or others, impairs day-to-day functioning or increases the risk of injury to harm to oneself or others.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
A standardized manual to aid in the diagnosis of disorders
Mental disorder defense
Not guilty by reason of insanity; in Canada
Personality disorders
Particularly unusual patterns of behavior(relative to ones cultural context) that are maladaptive, distressful to oneself or others, and resistant to change
Anxiety disorders
Disorders involving fear or nervousness that is excessive, irrational, and maladaptive
Generalized anxiety disorder
Involves frequently elevated levels of anxiety generally from the normal stresses and challenges of everyday life
Panic disorder
An anxiety disorder marked by sudden episodes of sudden very intense fear
Results from an intense fear of having a panic attack in public; the individual may begin to avoid public settings and become introverted
A severe irrational fear of a very specific object or situation
Social anxiety disorder
A very strong fear of being judged by others or being embarrassed/humiliated in public
A person is repeatedly and in stages exposed to the object of his fear so that he can work past his emotional reactions
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Individuals plagued by unwanted, inappropriate and persistent thoughts (obsessions) and tend to engage in rigorous, almost compulsive ritualistic behaviors (compulsions)
Major depression
A disorder marked by prolonged periods of sadness, feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness, social withdrawal and cognitive and physical sluggishness
Bipolar disorder
Characterized by extreme highs and lows in mood, motivation and energy