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36 Cards in this Set

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The 4 criteria used in determining a psychological disorder

1. Maladaptive- a behavior that interferes with daily function


2. Atypical- not typical behavior


3. Disturbing- makes other people uncomfortable


4. Irrational/unjustifiable- no reason or explanation

System used by clinicians in diagnosing various psychological disorders

DSM

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Continuously tense, apprehensive, aroused, and always anxious

Phobia

persistent irritation, fear, and avoidance of a specific object or situation

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive component- unwanted repetitive thoughts


Compulsive component- unwanted repetitive actions

Panic Disorder

marked by minute long episodes of intense dread (Think they are dying), choking, hyperventilating, pass out, can't breathe.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Used to be called shell shock, person relives traumatic experiences, bad memories, bad dreams



Dissociative Amnesia

selective memory loss brought on by extreme stress. they don't want to remember

Dissociative Fugue

When a person unconsciously flees from their home and identity

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Person experiences 1 or more alternate personalities

Major Depressive Disorder

"The common cold" of psychological disorders. For no reason, person experiences 2 weeks of feelings of worthlessness and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities



Mania

hyperactive and wildly active state

Bipolar disorder

Alternates between hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overly excited mania

Paranoid Schizophrenia

Most common of schizophrenia, person is out of touch with reality. They think people are after the or someone is watching them. Preoccupations with delusions or hallucinations

Disorganized Schizophrenia

disorganized speech or behavior or flat or inappropriate emotion

Catatonic Schizophrenia

(Statue like state) immobility of the body, speech becomes parrot-like, negativism, over focus

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

have symptoms, but not clearly identified

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Psychopaths and Sociopaths, lack of conscience

Histrionic Personality Disorder

makes a scene, acts out, melodramatic, want continuous attention, constant need for praise and assurance


Narcissist Personality Disorder



Everything revolves around the person, feel like they are better than everyone else, think they are better than they actually are

Borderline Personality Disorder

Person experiences unstable (not consistent) way of thinking and sense of identity

Paranoid Personality Disorder

believes without sufficient evidence that others are exploiting harming them

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flat affect (no emotions), don't like to be around people, associate, or be in any relations.

Schizotypical Personality Disorder

behavior or appearance that's odd, eccentric, or peculiar. Like to be around others

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Avoid people, person views themselves as socially unacceptable, personally unappealing, inferior to others, ashamed. bad self esteem and self image



Dependent Personality Disorder

Depend on others to make decisions. Difficulty making every day decisions by themselves without excessive advise and reassurance of others.

Insanity

mental illness of such a severe nature that a person cannot distinguish fantasy from reality, cannot conduct her/his affairs due to psychosis, or is subject to uncontrollable impulsive behavior.

Hallucinations

an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present

Delusions

false or erroneous beliefs that usually involve a misinterpretation of perceptions or experiences. (Example: the person believes he or she is being tormented, followed, tricked, spied on, or ridiculed. The person believes that certain gestures, comments, passages from books, newspapers, song lyrics, or other environmental cues are specifically directed at him or her.)

Affect

the expression of emotions

Neurosis

a relatively mild mental illness that is not caused by organic disease, involving symptoms of stress (depression, anxiety, obsessive behavior, hypochondria) but not a radical loss of touch with reality

Psychosis

a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Seasonal affective disorder is a form of depression also known as SAD or seasonal depression. SAD occurs during the fall and winter months when there is less sunlight. People with SAD experience mood changes and symptoms similar to depression. However, with SAD symptoms improve in the arrival of spring.

Conversion Disorder

Conversion disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has blindness, paralysis, or other nervous system (neurologic) symptoms that cannot be explained by medical evaluation. (For example your leg may become paralyzed even though you weren't physically injured.)

Anorexia

an eating disorder characterized by refusal to stay at even the minimum body weight considered normal for the person's age and height. Other symptoms of the disorder include distorted body image and an intense fear of weight gain.

Bulimia

episodes of secretive excessive eating (binge-eating) followed by inappropriate methods of weight control, such as self-induced vomiting (purging), abuse of laxatives and diuretics, or excessive exercise.