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29 Cards in this Set

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Abnormal Psychology
Away from the norm.
Objective VS Subjective
Physical Illness - Easy to Diagnose (Objective).
Mental Illness - Tough to Diagnose (Subjective).
Abnormal Categories
Cultural Relativism: Standards.
Unusualness: Statistical Deviation.
Discomfort: Emotional Distress.
Mental Illness: Diagnostic Label.
Maladaptive: Harmful Behavior.
Legal Definition: Insane (courts only). Tell right vs wrong, control over behavior.
Supernatural Model
Middle ages, 12-15th century.
Mental Illness result of evil deeds and sins (punishment) or bad luck.
Caused by: evil spirits, devil, witchcraft, moon.
Biological Model
Renaissance, 16-18th century.
Mental Illness result of internal malfunction of body.
Caused by: disease, balancing positive and negative forces, basic humors of body.
Psychological Model
18th century.
Mental Illness is a maladaptive behavior learned from social and cultural influences.
Caused by: psychoanalytic (unconscious), behaviorism (environment), cognitive (thoughts), humanistic (free-will).
DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
Used to classify disorders
Multiaxial (5 dimensions)
***Over 200 Disorders
Problems With DSM
Improper Diagnosis (Rosenhan's Experiment, 1973)
Labeling
Self-fulfilling Prophecy
Intern Syndrome
Attributing disorders to oneself.
Diagnostic Syndrome
Telling others their disorder.
Personality Disorders
Traits that are inflexible, maladaptive, and cause significant impairment or subjective distress.
Anxiety Disorders
Heightened levels of uneasiness and apprehension.
Phobias
Irrational fear of specific objects or situations.
Most disabling: Agoraphobia - away from a safe place.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Reoccurring thoughts or activities that the person can not control.
Obsessions: thoughts.
Compulsions: actions.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Recurrent memories or dreams of experience (flash backs).
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Constant, undefined anxiety.
Affective Disorders
Mood (depression)
Major Depression
Unipolar, overwhelming feeling of sadness.
Loss of interest, self-blame, sleep problems.
*Two weeks.
SAD
Seasonal Affective Disorder.
Manic-Depressive
Bipolar, roller coaster high-low.
Somatoform Disorders
Physical symptoms with no organic cause.
Conversion Disorder
Problem converted to body.
Hypochondriasis
Unrealistic belief of disease.
Dissociative Disorders
Splitting off of conscious experience, identity, or memory.
Amnesia
Loss of memory following stress or trauma (fugue - new identity).
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
Two or more distinct personalities.
*Maintain contact with reality
*Child abuse and incest
Psychotic Disorders
Extreme and incurable mental dysfunction.
Schizophrenia
Loss of contact with reality and extreme disturbances in perception, thoughts, and mood.
Symptoms:
Hallucinations - false perceptions
Delusions - false beliefs
>Of Granduer - someone else
>Of Persecution - people out to hurt me
>Of Reference - everything references me
Word Salads: incoherent, loose word associations.
Echolalia and or rhyming
Emotional Abnormality
Withdrawal
Three Types of Schizophrenia
Disorganized: thinking and emotional symptoms.
Catatonic: waxy flexibility (if I move, the world will end).
Paranoid: delusions of persecution.