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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Exorcism and trephination

release evil spirits from the mind


humors- first to explain abnormalities due to biological processes

Indicators of abnormality

Four D's:

Distress- negative emotions

Deviance - going against the norms

Dysfunction can't care for themselves, can't handle life situations

Danger to self or others

Psychological Models




Categorical Information

Naming the disorder

Dimensional information

severity of symptoms

Additional information

medical condition, psychosocial

Major Depression

Low sad state, not motivated or engaged in activities

Learned helplessness

Person no longer feels control over their lives

Bipolar Disorder

Depression and Mania


inflated sense of self, high energy, little sleep, racing thoughts

Generalized anxiety disorder

worried about everything, muscle tension

Specific Phobia

irrational fear of something

systematic desensitization

fear hierarchy and gradual exposure to feared object

Social anxiety disorder

fear of social situations

Obessive-compulsive disorder

obsessions by intruding thoughts, introduce anxiety, compulsions release anxiety

Body dysmorphic disorder

think they're very ugly but other people don't see it

Conversion disorder

seizures or other physical ailments with no physical cause

Dissociative disorders

memory loss

dissociative amnesia

traumatic personal experience

dissociative fugue

forget their identity and may flea

dissociative identity disorder

multiple personality disorder, traced back to early childhood trauma


delusions- false beliefs and hallucinations= sensory experiences in the absence of external stimuli


not social responsive, suspected at 1-2 y/p, delayed language development

Personality Disorders

long lasting


Superior to others and should be admired


manipulative and hurts people without remorse


emotionally volatile, impulsive and tend to be suicidal