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28 Cards in this Set

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Exorcism and trephination

release evil spirits from the mind

Hippocrates

humors- first to explain abnormalities due to biological processes

Indicators of abnormality

Four D's:


Distress- negative emotions


Deviance - going against the norms


Dysfunction can't care for themselves, can't handle life situations


Danger to self or others



Psychological Models

Biological


Behavioral


Cognitive



Categorical Information

Naming the disorder

Dimensional information

severity of symptoms

Additional information

medical condition, psychosocial

Major Depression

Low sad state, not motivated or engaged in activities

Learned helplessness

Person no longer feels control over their lives

Bipolar Disorder

Depression and Mania

Mania

inflated sense of self, high energy, little sleep, racing thoughts

Generalized anxiety disorder

worried about everything, muscle tension

Specific Phobia

irrational fear of something

systematic desensitization

fear hierarchy and gradual exposure to feared object

Social anxiety disorder

fear of social situations

Obessive-compulsive disorder

obsessions by intruding thoughts, introduce anxiety, compulsions release anxiety

Body dysmorphic disorder

think they're very ugly but other people don't see it

Conversion disorder

seizures or other physical ailments with no physical cause

Dissociative disorders

memory loss

dissociative amnesia

traumatic personal experience

dissociative fugue

forget their identity and may flea

dissociative identity disorder

multiple personality disorder, traced back to early childhood trauma

Schizophrenia

delusions- false beliefs and hallucinations= sensory experiences in the absence of external stimuli

Autism

not social responsive, suspected at 1-2 y/p, delayed language development

Personality Disorders

long lasting

Narcissistic

Superior to others and should be admired

antisocial

manipulative and hurts people without remorse

borderline

emotionally volatile, impulsive and tend to be suicidal