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21 Cards in this Set

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Definition of Psychology

Study of behaviors and mental processes

Four Goals of Psychology

1. Describe


2. Explain


3. Predict


4. Control

Describe

Situation (Observe +Identify)


What are we dealing with?

Explain

Causes


Why?


What Causes?

Predict

What's going to happen down the road?


What variables contribute?

Control

Intervention


-humanistic

6 Major perspectives of Psychology

1. Biological


2. Cognitive


3. Behavioral


4. Psychoanalytic


5. Humanistic


6. Sociocultural

Freud's Contributions

Unconscious


Childhood experience


Talk treatment


Humans 'essentially conflicted'

Freud's Model of the mind

Id

Responsible for drives to meet physiological needs and desires


-Unconscious


-Child


-Demon

Superego

Rules and morals of society


-Conscious and unconscious


-Rule bound parent


-Angel

Ego

Mediates and allows needs to be met in socially acceptable fashion


-"Prime" conscious

Freud's 7 Defense mechanisms

Denial


Regression


Compartmentalization


Projection


Repression


Displacement


Rationalization

Denial

Refusing to acknowledge or accept external reality.

Regression

Temporary reversion of the ego to an earlier stage of development




-Turns into a child because they don't want to be an adult.

Compartmentalization

Separates incompatible thoughts, and inhibits direct acknowledgement of one another

Projection

Allows expression of impulses without becoming consciously aware of them

Repression

Excluding a desire from consciousness and pushing it into the unconscious


-Memory lapse

Displacement

Separation of emotion from the actual target and redirecting it towards something less harmful to prevent dealing directly with the threat.

Rationalization

Convincing the self that no wrong has been done


-Using false reasoning


-Making excuses

Freud's Therapeutic Techniques

Free association


Dream interpretation


Freudian slips


Hypnosis