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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

autonomic nervous system (ANS)

the network of fibers that connect the central nervous system to all the other organs of the body. controls breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, perspiration.

endocrine system

the system of glands that help control growth and sexual activity

sympathetic nervous system

nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that quicken the heartbeat and produce other changes experienced as arousal and fear.

parasympathetic nervous system

the nerve fibers of the autonomic nervous system that help return bodily processes to normal

hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) pathway

one route by which the brain and body produce arousal and fear


a group of hormones including cortisol, released by the adrenal glands at time of stress

acute stress disorder

a disorder in which a person experiences fear and related symptoms soon after a traumatic event but for less than a month

post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

a disorder in which a person continues to experience fear and related symptoms long after a traumatic event.

eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)

an exposure treatment in which clients move their eyes in a rhythmic manner from side to side while flooding their minds with images of objects and situations they ordinarily avoid

rap groups

group therapy sessions among veterans

psychological briefing

a form of crisis intervention in which victims are helped to talk about their feelings and reactions to traumatic incidents. also called critical incident stress debriefing

dissociative disorders

disorders marked by major changes in memory that do not have clear physical causes

dissociative amnesia

a disorder marked by an inability to recall important personal events and information

dissociative fugue

a form of dissociative amnesia in which a person travels to a new location and may assume a new identity, forgetting his or her past

dissociated identity disorder

a dissociated disorder in which a person develops two or more distinct personalities

subpersonalities (alternate personalities)

the two or more distinct personalities found in individuals suffering with dissociative identity disorder.

state dependent learning

learning that becomes associated with the conditions under which it occurred, so that it is best remembered under the same conditions


the process of hypnotizing oneself, sometimes for the purpose of forgetting unpleasant events


the final merging of two or more sub-personalities in in dissociative identity disorder

depersonalization-derealization disorder

a dissociative disorder that feel as thought they are detached from their own mental processes or body and are observing themselves from the outside or feel as though the people or objects around them are unreal or detached