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10 Cards in this Set

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Tizard and Hodges - type/aim of experiment and pps

Natural, longitudinal experiment. To see if the effects of institutionalization/privation are permanent. 65 children brought up in children's home until age of at least 4.

Tizard and Hodges - 3 naturally occurring IV?

Some children were adopted, some restored to their biological parents, some remained in care.

Tizard and Hodges -how many different carers?

on average, 50.

Tizard and Hodges - findings?

Which group was most able to what?

All three groups had problems, including?

Most of the adopted children were able to form close attachments with their new family, but fewer in other groups were.

All 3 groups were aggressive and problematic at school.

All 3 groups had problems forming peer relationships.

Tizard and Hodges - Conclusion?

Children are able to form attachments after early life privation. However, they are still likely to develop social problems later in life.

Tizard and Hodges - two strengths and two limitations?

Strengths -

-longitudinal/natural - high in eco validity

-use of many different methods



some pps dropped out

Rutter et al - type/aim of study, pps?

Longitudinal natural. To see if effects of I & P = permanent. 111 Romanian orphans adopted into British fams.

Rutter et al -findings? 6 - 24 months?

high levels of disinhibitted attachment in orphans adopted 6 - 24 months old.

Rutter et al - findings? 11 yrs old?

Half of those who were disinhibitedly attached still were so.

Rutter et al - evaluation? two strengths two limitations?


- eco validity

- significant applications to society


-sample =small. unrepresentative.