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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Social and Economic changes 20th Century

-became dominate world power internationally
-wave of immigration because of industrialization

philosophy concerned with the common-sense needs of average people
-political parties formed:
greenback party, populist party, farmer-labor party, single tax movement of Henry George, progressive party, union party, Share or wealth movement by Huey Long

20th century key political changes
- ratification of Seventeenth Amendment: required all U.S. Senators be chosen by popular election
-Ratification of Nineteenth Amendment: granted women the right to vote
-Entered 1917
-U.S. played crucial role in ending the war
-Played crucial role in creating the League of Nations after war
-During wartime working hours decreased, pay increased and working conditions improved
-after war workers revolted when conditions went back to normal
-September 1, 1939- September 2, 1945
-Fight against Japan and Germany and allied Axis powers
-59 nations in total
-more deaths and distraction than those of any other armed conflict
Advancements between WWI and WWII
-aircraft advancements
-weapons and technology
-Submarines were perfected
-emergence of large consumer culture in U.S.
Technological Developments Post-WWII
-first atomic bomb
-South Pole exploration
-JFK airport opens in NYC
-vaccines developed such as polio
Function of government
to secure the common welfare of the member of the given society over which it exercises control
believing in elimination of all government and its replacement
-sometimes involved political violence such as assassinations
-historical banner is black flag
-belief/political system with classless, stateless social oranizations
-common ownership of national goods
-" oligarchy"
-rule by an individual or small group of individuals centralizing all political control in itself and enforces it with with strong police force
-Belief/ political system opposed ideologically to communism but similar in structure
-one party state and centralized political control
-tolerates private ownership of means of production but maintains overall control
-examples: German Nazism and Italian Fascism
the rule of a nation by a monarch often king or queen
ex: Great Britain
Parliamentary System
-a system of government with legislature usually involving a multiplicity of political parties often coalition politics
-divide between head of state and head of government
-head of government is usually prime minister
-government may fall when majority of parliament votes "no confidence" in the government
Presidential System
-System of government with legislature involving few or many political parties w. no devision between head of state and head of government
-president serves in both capacities
-president elected by direct or indirect election
-president can only be removed from office for major infractions with the law
-political belief/system which state takes a guiding role in national economy providing extensive social support to population
-usually promotes democracy
-if taken to extreme may lead to communism as government increases and democratic practices decrease
-variant of Marxism
Us Government System
1) Legislative
2) Executive
3) Judicial
Legislative Branch
-house of representatives and Senate
- House responsible for initiating spending bills
-Senate responsible for ratifying treaties that the president might sign with other countries

Executive Branch

-president and vice-president
-president commander in chief of armed forces and can approve or veto bills from congress

Which event signaled the end of the war of 1812?

The United States Senate ratified the Treaty of Ghent which both parties had to sign

What event started the War of 1812?

William Hull invaded Canada in 1812

In 1605 France established its first territory in North America, Which extended from Modern-day Quebec to Philadelphia. What was the name of this territory?

New France

The suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania led to...?

The first successful exercise of federal authority

As a result of the Mexican-American war, the US gained Mexican territories of Alta California, Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico through what treaty?

Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo

During the 1950s Joseph McCarthy, a US senator used prolonged investigations to question many members of entertainment industry and political world about..

their suspected role in the Communist Party

The Period of American History called the Gilded Age (1865-1893) earned its nickname for ...?

the great wealth displayed and obtained by American businessmen in the second industrial revolution