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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Children's cinema-

Hiyao Miyazaki manages to intersect the position between children's popular cinema, anime and Disney.

Examples of children's cinema are Toy Story, The Goonies and Beauty and the Beast.


A sentimental longing or wistful affection for a period in the past.

“Nostalgia films restructure the whole issue of pastiche and project it onto a collective and social level, where the desperate attempt to appropriate a missing past is now refracted through the iron law of fashion change and the emergent ideology of the generation.” Frederic Jameson. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Duke UP, 1991.

Jameson has defined it as 'the deep longing for a past that never was'. It is one of the strongest force operating in popular culture, it consists in the idealization or romantic description of the past, which is typical of children cinema, but not only. We are nostalgic also for the context and the time of particular filmic experiences.

Nostalgia in film-

The past offers a 'simpler time', a backdrop for adventure and romance, a mystery to solve, another culture to explore, a chance to undo mistakes, another culture to explore, a chance to undo mistakes, fashions to follow (pastiche), a lost moment of cinematic experience and a chance to recapture an idealised childhood.

Disney and globalisation-

Walt Disney is a both a corporation and brand with influence on global cinema.

Miyazaki has often been praised as the Walt Disney of Japan.

Disney owns many companies/brands- Marvel, Jim Henson, Star Wars.

Japanese Anime-

Anime is a term for Japanese animation. It has many subgenera. It is traditionally distributed internationally through fan communities (with fan subtitles).

Hayao Miyazaki-

He is a Japanese film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, and manga artist. Through a career that has spanned over five decades, Miyazaki has attained international acclaim as a masterful storyteller and as a maker of anime feature films and, along with Isao Takahata, co-founded Studio Ghibli, a film and animation studio.


It is cultural homage consisting in a mixture of styles, fashions and artistic features; often it is associated with nostalgia, since films that nostalgically celebrate the past, blend together different aesthetic codes. However, nostalgia and pastiche do not work only in relation to the past. We can find examples of nostalgia in the 'future', e.g.: Star Wars, animated series like Cowboy Bebop and many Miyazaki films are set in the future, but reuse past aesthetic codes.


Anime is Japanese hand-drawn or computer animation. The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese, where this term references all animation. Outside Japan, anime is used to refer specifically to animation from Japan often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes. Many Westerners strictly view anime as a Japanese animation product. Some scholars suggest defining anime as specifically or quintessentially Japanese may be related to a new form of orientalism.


Japanese term for people with obsessive interests, commonly the anime and manga fandom. Otaku may be used as a pejorative; its negativity stems from the stereotypical view of otaku and the media's reporting on Tsutomu Miyazaki, "The Otaku Murderer", in 1989. According to studies published in 2013, the term has become less negative, and an increasing number of people now self-identify as otaku.

Cultural appropriation-

It has many conflicting definitions but typically cultural appropriation involves members of a dominant group exploiting the culture of less privileged groups — often with little understanding of the latter’s history, experience and traditions. Films like Memoirs of a Geisha or The Last Samurai can interpreted as examples of Hollywood's cultural appropriation of Japanese culture.

Miyazaki films-

Ponyo 2008

Howl's Moving Castle 2004

Spirited Away2001

Princess Mononoke 1997

Provo Rosso 1992

Kiki's Delivery Service 1989

My Neighbour Totoro 1988

Laputa: Castle in the Sky 1986

Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind 1984

Spirited Away-

10-year-old Chihiro (Rumi Hiiragi) and her parents (Takashi Naitô, Yasuko Sawaguchi) stumble upon a seemingly abandoned amusement park. After her mother and father are turned into giant pigs, Chihiro meets the mysterious Haku (Miyu Irino), who explains that the park is a resort for supernatural beings who need a break from their time spent in the earthly realm, and that she must work there to free herself and her parents.