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19 Cards in this Set

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bush doctrine

the foreign policy of president george w bush under which the united states would use military force preemptively (prevent war) against threats to its national security.

case act

prohibits president from keeping executive agreements within foreign leaders a secret from congress

containment

an important feature of american cold war policy in which the us used diplomatic, economic, and military strategies in effort to prevent the soviet union from expanding its influence on communism

gulf of tonkin resolution

congress gave in to the president which led to the imperial presidency, congress passed in direct to response to naval incident (gulf of tonkin) gave pres. lyndon b johnson authorization for use of military force in south east asia without a formal declaration of war by congress

Hughes Ryan Amendment

instructed the pres. and CIA to report to congress any plans for covert military operations. congress attempt to reign in the imperial presidency, 8 oversight committees to stop CIA abuses.

interstate commerce commission (ICC)

FDR; regulate business and expand federal conservation program.


compelled railroads to public standard rates and prohibited rebates and pools

imperial presidency

deception, lying, and violation of the separation of powers

internationalism

the idea that the country should be involved in the affairs of other nations, out of both self interest and moral obligation

isolationalism

the idea that the country should refrain from involvement in international affairs

nation building

constructing or structuring a national identity by using the power of the state

preemtion

impositions of national priorities on the states through national legislation that is based on the constitution supremacy clause


or


Allowing the national government to override state or local actions in certain areas

realism vs idealism

idealism: idea that a country's foreign policy decisions are based on factors beyond self interest, including upholding important principles or values.


Realism: the idea that a country's foreign policy decisions are motivated by self interest and the goal of gaining more power.

versailles treaty

wilson negotiates this which ends ww1 but did not convince 2/3 of senate to ratify it.

war powers resolution act 1973

attempt to limit presidents ability to make war his own authority; consult, report, and terminate troop deployments.

What is the historical pattern of relations between the President and Congress over foreignpolicy?

president pushing their limits of authority, congress responding by giving into the president which leads to the rise of the imperial presidency

What types of actions characterize an “imperial presidency”? What factors contribute to greaterpresidential influence over foreign policy which can lead to an “imperial presidency”?

negotiating treaties/crisis situations/command of the foreign policy, world leaders look to the president for leadership, constitution is not clear on commander in chief duties, justification of secrecy, access to foreign policy info. (congress does not have its own foreign policy intelligence gathering agency)

With reference to the 4 examples discussed in lecture, how has Congress reasserted its own foreignpolicy powers to check and balance the President?*

1. senate refusal to ratify treaties (treaty of versailles)


2. war of powers resolution act


3. case act


4. hughes ryan amendment

What was the Bush Doctrine of “preemption”?

the united states would not wait until after an attack to respond but instead would use military force to eliminate potential threats before they could be put in motion.

Is the U.S. generous in its foreign aid contributions to other countries? Based on thediscussion on p. 660 of your textbook, what measures of foreign aid lead to oppositeanswers to the question?

the united states gives relatively little to other countries because of the size of the us economy: when measured in total dollars us foreign aid contributions are largest of any country but also has the largest GNI of any country.