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10 Cards in this Set

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1. (p. 432) Which of the following is a principle of bureaucratic organization?

A. hierarchical authority

B. job specialization

C. formalized rules

D. hierarchical authority, job specialization, and formalized rules
E. None of these answers is correct.
D
2. (p. 435) Compared to the president and Congress, the bureaucracy 

A. is held in higher esteem by the public.

B. is authorized by a constitutional amendment rather than by the original Constitution.

C. has a more direct impact on the daily lives of Americans.

D. has changed very little during the nation's history.

E. is more easily controlled by the voters.
C
3. (p. 437) Whenever Congress has a perceived need for ongoing control of an economic activity, it has tended to create a 

A. regulatory agency.

B. cabinet department.

C. presidential commission.

D. government corporation.

E. blue ribbon panel.
A
4. (p. 437) Which of the following statements does NOT correctly describe the typical independent agency? 

A. It has a more narrow area of responsibility than that of cabinet departments.

B. Its head is appointed by an independent commission.

C. It is divided into a number of smaller operating units.

D. It exists independently of cabinet departments.

E. Its head is appointed by the president.
B
5. (p. 437) The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are 

A. all agencies within cabinet departments.

B. all independent agencies.

C. respectively, an independent agency, an agency within a cabinet department, and a regulatory agency.

D. two cabinet departments and a regulatory agency.

E. respectively, an agency within a cabinet department, an independent agency, and a regulatory agency.
E
6. (p. 437) Federal regulatory agencies have responsibility primarily in the area of 

A. economic policy.

B. social welfare policy.

C. foreign and defense policy.

D. law enforcement policy.

E. environmental policy.
A
7. (p. 437) Regulatory agencies have 

A. administrative, legislative, and judicial functions.

B. legislative and executive functions, but no judicial functions.

C. adjudicative and law enforcement functions.

D. multilateral, law enforcement, and executive functions.

E. All these answers are correct.
A
8. (p. 439) Most federal employees are hired on the basis of 

A. merit criteria.

B. patronage.

C. previous job experience in the private sector.

D. the personal preferences of immediate supervisors.

E. a lottery system.
A
9. (p. 440) Federal civil service employees cannot legally 

A. be fired from their jobs.

B. go on strike.

C. belong to a union.

D. be restricted in their election activities.

E. contribute to political campaigns.
B
10. (p. 444) Policy implementation refers to the bureaucratic function of

A. carrying out decisions made by Congress, the president, and the courts.

B. regulating the distribution of funds to individuals and corporations.

C. delegating legislative authority to smaller operating units of the bureaucracy.

D. both regulating the distribution of funds to individuals and corporations, and delegating legislative authority to smaller operating units of the bureaucracy.

E. None of these answers is correct.
A