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57 Cards in this Set

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1. (p. 244) Political parties serve to 


A. link the public with its elected leaders.

B. enable people with different backgrounds and opinions to act together.

C. offer the public a choice between policies and leaders.

D. provide potential leaders an opportunity to attain public office.


2. (p. 245) The first American political parties emerged from the conflict between


C. small farmers and states' rights advocates, and those favoring commercial and wealthy interests.


3. (p. 245) Andrew Jackson's contribution to the development of political parties was the 


C. formation of a new type of grassroots party organization.


4. (p. 253-254) Proportional representation systems encourage the formation of smaller parties by enabling parties to 


A. win legislative seats even though they do not receive a majority of votes in elections.

5. (p. 246) Democrats and Republicans have endured as the two major U.S. parties primarily due to 


D. their ability to adapt to changing circumstances.


6. (p. 260) In 1912, a candidate for which minor party managed to earn more votes than one of his major party opponents?

C. Bull Moose


7. (p. 259) If a minor party gains a large following, it is almost certain that 


D. one or both major parties will absorb its issue, and the minor party will lose support.


8. (p. 252) The major reason for the persistence of the American two-party system is

C. the existence of single-member election districts.


9. (p. 244) The history of democratic government is virtually synonymous with the history of 


E. political parties.

10. (p. 246) All of the following are characteristic of a party realignment EXCEPT 


D. a very close electoral result.


11. (p. 255, 256) Which of the following encourages the two major parties to build broad coalitions?


E. the two-party system and the need to gain a plurality

12. (p. 245) The issue of slavery gave birth to the ________ party as a major political party. 


C. Republican

13. (p. 244) Political parties in the United States originated partly as a political feud between 


E. Hamilton and Jefferson.

14. (p. 247) The Democratic Party's long-time regional stronghold, "the Solid South", stemmed from a realignment during which historical period?


A. Civil War era


15. (p. 251) Which of the following is an indication of strong party loyalty? 


C. straight-ticket voting


16. (p. 251) Party dealignment is

E. None of these answers is correct.

17. (p. 274) Prospective voting is characterized by 



D. choices based on what candidates promise to do if elected

18. (p. 274) ________ is based on judgment about the past performance of an elected official or political party. 


B. Retrospective voting


19. (p. 255) ________ lost the 1964 presidential election in a landslide because his views were seen as too extreme. 



E. Barry Goldwater

20. (p. 253) ________ does not have a competitive multiparty system. 



D. The United States


21. (p. 245) What was especially unique about the "Era of Good Feeling"?


B. President Monroe ran unopposed in 1820.


22. (p. 244) ________ warned Americans of the "baneful effects" of factions (political parties) in his 1797 farewell address.


C. George Washington


23. (p. 257) What party has made big gains in recent decades among white fundamentalist Christians, based on its positions on topics like abortion and school prayer?

B. Republican

24. (p. 273-274) Candidates' first priority in a close election is to 


E. win over the "swing voters".

25. (p. 256) Which of the following groups is most closely aligned with the Democratic Party, voting more than 80 percent Democratic in presidential elections?

D. African Americans


26. (p. 257) Which of the following groups is NOT typically a part of the Democratic coalition?


E. fundamentalist Christians

27. (p. 259) In twentieth-century American history, the most important minor parties were ________ parties. 


C. factional


28. (p. 251) Ticket splitting was most prominent during which decade? 


A. 1970s

29. (p. 247-248) ________ was the only Republican elected president from 1932 to 1964.


C. Dwight Eisenhower


30. (p. 262) All of the following use top-two primaries EXCEPT 


A. Oregon.


31. (p. 269) American party organizations 


D. are still important, but their role in campaigns is secondary to that of candidates.

32. (p. 265-266) National party organizations can dictate the day-to-day decisions of

D. neither local nor state party organizations.


33. (p. 260) A(n) ________ party is a minor party that bases its appeal on the claim that the major parties are having a corrupting influence on government and policy. 



B. reform

34. (p. 259) Which of the following is an example of a single-issue party?

E. Greenback Party

35. (p. 259) Which of the following are key players in the modern campaign? 


A. pollsters

B. media producers

C. fundraising specialists

D. campaign consultants

36. (p. 273) ________ prohibits the purchase of televised advertising time by candidates.


B. Great Britain

37. (p. 271) James Carville and Roger Ailes are both examples of 


B. campaign strategists who have earned legendary reputations.

37. (p. 271) James Carville and Roger Ailes are both examples of 


B. campaign strategists who have earned legendary reputations.


39. (p. 243) Organizationally, the U.S. major parties are 


A. decentralized and fragmented.


40. (p. 262, 264) During the twentieth century, American parties lost their complete control over 


A. nominations.

B. financing.

C. platforms.

D. the staffing of government jobs.


41. (p. 262) Which of the following represents the greatest blow to the organizational strength of U.S. parties? 



B. the direct primary

42. (p. 277) Which of the following is an accurate representation of the public's opinion about leaders and their accountability? 



C. Most citizens have a low opinion of Congress as a whole, but say they have confidence in their local representative in Congress.


43. (p. 252) The winner-take-all system is also known as the ________ system.


A. plurality

44. (p. 254) ________ representation systems are those in which seats in the legislature are allocated according to each political party's share of the popular vote. 



E. Proportional

45. (p. 269) On average, how much money must a U.S. senator raise every week of his or her six-year term in order to acquire enough money to launch a competitive bid for reelection? 



C. $20,000

46. (p. 264) Which of the following statements about the patronage system is true? 


A. It was a means of rewarding party workers for their loyalty

47. (p. 265) About 95 percent of all political activists in the United States work at 


C. the local level.


48. (p. 270) In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010), the Supreme Court


B. found corporations and unions could not be banned from spending money on campaigns.

49. (p. 269) The function that the national party organizations perform in relation to congressional candidates can best be described as a 


A. service relationship—helping candidates conduct their personal campaigns.

50. (p. 257) What demographic is key to the future of both parties? 


A. Hispanic voters

51. (p. 257-258) In the recent elections, which voting demographic has become a more cohesive voting bloc and has sided heavily with the Democratic Party, seeing it as more closely aligned with their interests? 


A. Hispanics

52. (p. 247) The election of ________ was a realigning election. 


C. 1932


53. (p. 245) ________ is associated with the Era of Good Feeling. 


C. James Monroe

54. (p. 246) Abraham Lincoln was first elected in 1860 with ________ percent of the popular vote. 


B. 40

55. (p. 266) State central committees 



B. have the final say in who will be chosen as the candidates for national office from their party in their home state.


56. (p. 260) In 1992, ________ won 19 percent of the popular vote in the presidential election. 


C. Ross Perot


57. (p. 260) Populist ________ won electoral votes in six states in the presidential election of 1892. 


D. James B. Weaver