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50 Cards in this Set

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1. (p. 199) According to polls, men and women tend to disagree on certain issues. Of the following issues, about which are men and women closest in agreement? 


A. abortion rights


2. (p. 187) Scholars have done the LEAST study into the political influence of ________ on American citizens.


A. religion


3. (p. 202) A member of Congress who wants to act on what the majority of his or her constituency thinks on a particular issue would be advised to respond to which of the following indicators?



D. a poll based on a random sample of constituents


4. (p. 203) The accuracy of a poll is usually expressed in terms of


D. sampling error.


5. (p. 210) The term public opinion is frequently used in reference to all of American society. This perspective is

C. less accurate than the idea that Americans form many publics, which differ greatly in such things as the level of attention they pay to politics.

6. (p. 184-185) In his definition of public opinion, the author claims that the opinions of private individuals become public opinion when they 


B. are openly expressed.

7. (p. 203) The key factors in determining the accuracy of an opinion poll are the


C. size of the sample and whether the sample was selected from the population by a random method.


8. (p. 204-205) Sources of polling error can include 


A. question order.

B. unrepresentative samples.

C. respondents' lack of knowledge or interest in the issue.

D. question wording.

9. (p. 186) The process of political socialization in the United States is 


A. normally cumulative; political beliefs attained earlier in life tend to be retained to a substantial degree

10. (p. 191) Dramatic change in party identification is uncommon and is almost always a consequence of 



B. major upheaval.


11. (p. 185) The process by which individuals acquire their political opinions is called 


D. political socialization.

12. (p. 186) As an agent of political socialization, the American family has its greatest effect on individuals' 


A. party identification.


13. (p. 208) Of the 2009-2010 health care reform legislation, a Gallup poll found that nearly a third of the public mistakenly believed that the legislation package included 


B. government committees that would decide which elderly patients would receive life-saving treatment and which would not.


14. (p. 194) A consistent pattern of opinion on particular issues that stems from a coherent set of political beliefs is called 


B. ideology.


15. (p. 192-193) Which of the following statements about Americans and ideology and political thinking is true? 


D. Only a minority of Americans can be classified as true ideologues.

16. (p. 194-195) Each of the following statements could be considered true of either economic or social liberals, EXCEPT that 


E. they believe that government should be used to promote traditional values.

17. (p. 211) Which of the following statements is true? 


C. George W. Bush attempted to privatize aspects of social security, only to back down in the face of determined resistance.


18. (p. 211) Which of the following is true of the relationship between public opinion and shifts in major government policies? 


A. On high-profile issues particularly, public opinion tends to affect policy to a greater degree than policymakers' agendas affect public opinion.

19. (p. 186) What are the two distinguishing characteristics of political socialization?

C. Political socialization is cumulative, and is most heavily developed during childhood.


20. (p. 203-204) The only presidential election in which the Gallup poll erred badly was

C. 1948 Truman-Dewey.


21. (p. 187) Which of the following would NOT be considered a secondary socializing agent? 


D. church


22. (p. 199) Women are less likely than men to favor 


D. the use of force to settle international disputes.

23. (p. 195) All of the following ideological types are prevalent in the United States EXCEPT 


E. communists.

24. (p. 201) ________ once said that he spent nearly all his adult life in government and yet had never seen a government.


B. Woodrow Wilson


25. (p. 192-193) Friedrich Engels believed that communism would not take root in the United States because 


B. American workers lacked sufficient class consciousness.


26. (p. 207) In a test of "civic literacy" conducted in 2007, the average college senior scored a grade of ________. 


E. F

27. (p. 198) Which of the following groups in the U.S. shows a higher level of support for collective bargaining? 


B. factory workers


28. (p. 200-201) Society in Northern Ireland is presented by the text as a demonstration of what difference with U.S. society?


E. the lack of crosscutting between groups

29. (p. 202) Which of the following is true of letter writers and demonstrators? 


E. Their opinions tend to be atypical of the population as whole.

30. (p. 203) To accurately poll the citizens of the United States as opposed to the citizens of a single state, 


B. the sample requirements will be nearly the same.


31. (p. 205) The accuracy of polling is diminished when respondents 


A. give what they regard as the socially correct response.


32. (p. 206) Journalist Walter Lippmann suggested that

D. effective government cannot be run by politicians that base their public opinions on poll results.

33. (p. 190-191) In terms of party identification, about two-thirds of adults call themselves 



B. Republicans or Democrats.


34. (p. 206) In general, public opinion 



C. sets limits on government action.


35. (p. 211) What was the primary cause for an increase in the public's support for a military invasion of Iraq during the six-month period leading to the start of the war?


D. Bush administration efforts to press the case for war

36. (p. 195) Which of the following ideological types favor government activism in the economic realm? 


A. liberals and populists


37. (p. 197) The most powerful religious force in contemporary American society is the


B. religious right.


38. (p. 207) Three-fourths of Ivy League students surveyed could not identify ________ as the author of the phrase, "a government of the people, by the people, and for the people". 


D. Abraham Lincoln


39. (p. 202-204) Which of the following is true about public opinion polling? 


A. Polls are the most relied-upon method of measuring public opinion.

B. Polls can be erroneous at times.

C. Most large news organizations have their own in-house polls.

D. The Gallup pollsters have correctly predicted the winner of presidential elections most of the time since 1936

40. (p. 205) What term do pollsters use for a purported opinion offered by a respondent who, in truth, has no view on a specific issue? 


E. non-opinion

41. (p. 189) The term generational effect is used to describe the influence of watershed events on the political outlook of 


D. younger voters.


42. (p. 203) A properly drawn sample of one thousand individuals has a sampling error of roughly plus or minus ________ percent. 


B. 3


43. (p. 198) Americans who attend religious services at least once a week are most likely to vote for which political party? 


C. Republican


44. (p. 186) Which of the following is NOT a primary socializing agent?


A. peers

45. (p. 195) Libertarians are opposed to governmental intervention


A. in both the economic and social spheres.


46. (p. 195) A conservative is opposed to government intervention 



B. in the economic but not the social sphere.


47. (p. 195) A person who favors government intervention in both social and economic affairs is a(n) 


C. populist.

48. (p. 190-191) Party identification refers to 


C. an emotional attachment to a political party.

49. (p. 191) Selective perception is primarily a result of 


C. partisanship.


50. (p. 187) Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann's "spiral of silence" theory contends that 


A. most individuals are reluctant to speak out against dominant opinion.