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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
winner-take-all system
election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins
single member district
an elctoral district in which voters choose one representative or official
proportional representation
an election system in which eacy party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote
safe seat
an elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted
coattail effect
the boost that candidates may get in an election from the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president
a meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates to public office and to choose the platform
national party convention
a national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions, who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules
issue advocacy
promoting a particular position or an issue paid for by interest groups or individuals, but not candidates
independent expenditures
money spent by individuals or groups not associated with candidates to elect or defeat candidates for office
interested money
financial contributions by individuals or groups in the hopes of influencing the outcome of an election and subsequently influencing policy
soft money
contributions to a state or local party for party building purposes
electoral college
the elctoral system used in electing the president and vice president in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party's candidates