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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
deciding who gets what, when, and how
Political Science
the study of politics, or the study of who gets what, when, and how
Organization extending to the whole society that can legitimately use force to carry out its decision
widespread acceptance of something necessary, rightful, and legally binding
Social Contract
idea that government originates as an implied contract among individuals who agree to obey laws in exchange for protection of their rights
Public Goods
goods and services that cannot readily be provided by markets, either because they are too expensive for a single individual to buy or because if one person bought them, everyone else would use them without paying
Free Market
free competition for voluntary exchange among individuals firms and corporations
gross domestic product (GDP)
the dollar sum of all goods and services produced in a nation in a year
costs imposed on people who are not direct participants in an activity
Income Transfers
government transfers of income from tax payers to persons regarded as deserving
governing system in which the people govern themselves
Democratic Ideals
Individual dignity, equality before law, widespread participation in public decisions, and public decisions by majority rule, with one person having to vote
Paradox of democracy
Potential conflict between individual freedom and the majority rule
Limited Government
principle that government power over the individual is limited, that there are some personal liberties that even a majority cannot regulate, and that government itself is restrained by law
rule by an elite that exercises unlimited powerover individuals in all aspects of life
Direct Deomcracy
governing system in which every person participates actively in every public decision rather than delegating decision making to representatives
Representative Democracy
Governing system in which public decision making is delegated to representatives of the people chosen byy popular vote in free, open, and periodic elections
theory that all societies, even democracies, are divided into the few who govern and the many who do not
theory that democracy can be achieved through competition among multiple organized groups and that individuals can participate in politics through group memberships and elections