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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


1. questioning interests

2. intersubjective meaning

3. international regimes


1. reality is relative (no objective/subjective or empirical/normative distinctions)

2. defined by discourse (Structure of language)

3. discourse represents power relations

4. must deconstruct language to emancipate people trapped by language relations


There is no biological difference between masculine and feminine. The differences occur through socialization.

Rational choice approach

state behaviour depends on maximizing benefits (fixed preferences) and minimizing costs (payoffs)


1. national interest (not individual)

2. interest can be calculated easily

3. leaders will not make mistakes

Prisoners Dilemma

- in a single play will always result in mutual defection because it is the safest choice despite it being a suboptimal outcome.

- more rational to change choices if iterated

public goods

goods that are non-excludable and non-rival

Solutions to free rider problem

1. small groups will be more likely to provide

2. government can coerce actors and provide incentives

3. actor is powerful enough to play role of govt.

Hegemonic Stability Theory

International cooperation occurs because a hegemon uses its powers and resources to lower cost of defection to ensure cooperation.

ex: Great Britain in the past and lack of hegemon during interwar years

How can a hegemon provide stability?

1. setting rules of the game

2. coercing states that don't cooperate

3. offering incentives

ex: U.S attempting to stabilize economy through IMF; gold standard; world bank; NATO

Criticisms of HST

1. only fits very specific cases

2. predatory hegemons

3. decline of hegemon shows possible emergence of collective action

4. there is no way to measure preponderance

ways to iterate politics

1. make multiple games

2. issue linkage

3. have intl institutions that allow actors to cooperate

instruments of foreign policy

1. propaganda

2. negotiation

3. economic/military statecraft

power resources

assets used to influence other states

- tangible

- intagible

international regimes

relates to constructivism