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73 Cards in this Set

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Acetaminophen

GENERIC: Tylenol, Panadol, Feverall, Acephen, Nortemp


? drug class, use, dose, warnings
CLASS: Analgesic, anti-pyretic

USES: Pain, Fever, Sinus infection, Sore throat, Streptococcal pharyngitis, Ulcerative colitis, Lyme disease

Be careful of liver fx, esp w/ > 5d for pain or fever

DOSE (age based):
0-3m = 40mg; 4-11m = 80mg; 1-2y = 120mg; 2-3y = 160mg; 4-5y = 240mg; 6-8y = 320mg; 9-10y = 400mg; 11y = 480mg, >12y = 500mg

Never dose more than 5 doses in 24 hrs, never more than 5 days for fever or pain unless under care of physician (worry about hepatic fx).

Long-term use may increase rhinoconjunctivitis, allergic eczema, allergic asthma
Albuterol INH

GENERIC: Proventil, AccuNeb


? drug class, use
CLASS: Beta2-adrenergic agonist

USES: asthma

NEBULIZER DOSE:
< 1y = 0.05 to 0.15 mg/kg/dose every 4 to 6 hours
1-4 y = 1.25 to 2.5 mg q 4 to 6 hours
5-11y = 2.5 mg every 4 to 6 hours
>12y = 2.5 to 5 mg every 6 hours

MDI (HFA) DOSE:
>5y = 2 puffs (216 mcg) every 4 to 6 h PRN
Amoxicillin

GENERIC: Amoxil, Moxatag

? drug class, use, dose, SE
Class: β-Lactam antibiotic

USES: UTI, Sinus infection, Middle ear infection, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Peptic ulcer, Lyme disease, Listeriosis, Actinomycosis, Helicobacter, Soft tissue infection, Bacterial skin disease, Human bites, Strep

DOSE: 1st line AOM: 40-45 mg/kg BID

SE: Diarrhea
Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

GENERIC: Augmentin, AugmentinXE


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Beta-lactamase inhibitor

USES: AOM, Sinus infection, Aspiration pneumonia, bites

DOSE: Step-up AOM: ES 600
Atomoxetine HCl

GENERIC: Strattera


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor

USE: ADHD

Non-controlled, but monitor for severe liver dz (do bloodwork on pts)
Azithromycin

GENERIC: Zithromax, Zmax, Zpac


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Macrolide

USES: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Tonsilitis, Middle ear infection, Inflammation of urethra, Skin infection, Chancroid, Staphylococcus bacteria infection, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Hemophilus infection, Neisseriaceae Infections, Strep

DOSE: AOM tx for type-1 allergy: 10 mg/kg on Day 1, 5 mg/kg Days 2-5
Beclomethasone dipropionate INH

GENERIC: Qvar


? drug class, use
CLASS: Glucocorticoid

USE: asthma
Betamethasone

GENERIC: Celestone, Luxiq, Diprolene


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: Inflammation, Psoriasis, Atopic dermatitis, Seborrhea, Anal itch, Facial Dermatoses, Hand Dermatoses, Scalp dermatoses, Foot dermatoses, Leg dermatoses
Calcifactant

GENERIC: Infasurf


? drug class, use
USE: lung surfactant, Prevent RDS in premature
Carbamazepine

GENERIC: Tegretol


? drug class, use
USE: Anti-epileptic, mood stabilizer, epilepsy
Cefalexin

GENERIC: Keflex


? drug class, use, dose, warnings
CLASS: Cephalosporin

USE: UTI, Staph, Strep, Bacterial pneumonia, Wound Infection, Soft tissue infection, E coli infection, Klebsiella infection, Proteus Infections, Human bites
Cefdinir

GENERIC: Omnicef


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Cephalosporin

USE: Middle ear infection, Sinus infection, Tonsil inflammation, Acute bronchitis, Staphylococcus bacteria infection, Bacterial pneumonia, E coli infection, Klebsiella infection, Proteus Infections, Bacterial skin disease, Hemophilus infection, Streptococcus bacteria infection

DOSE: AOM tx for non-type 1 allergy: 14 mg/kg/day (in 1 or 2 divided doses)
Ceftriaxone

GENERIC: Rocephin


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Cephalosporin

USE: AOM, OM, Gonorrhea, Urinary tract infection, Sepsis, Lyme disease, Middle ear infection, Peritonitis, Salmonella infections, Epididymitis, Bact. PNA, Chancroid, Staph, Enteritis, Proctocolitis, Soft tissue infection, E coli infection, Klebsiella, Proteus, Bacterial skin disease, Infectious bone disease, Strep, Bacterial meningitis

DOSE: Step-up AOM for non-type 1: 50 mg/kg
Cetirizine

GENERIC: Zyrtec, Alleroff


? drug class, use
CLASS: Histamine-1 Receptor Antagonist

USE: hay fever and allergy symptoms, hives, and itching
Ciclesonide

GENERIC: Omnaris, Alvesco


? drug class, use
CLASS: Glucocorticoid

USE: maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy
Ciprofloxacin

GENERIC: Cipro, Ciloxan, Cetraxal


? drug class, use, SE
CLASS: Quinolone

USE: UTI, Gonorrhea, Sinus infection, Fever, Typhoid fever, Anthrax, bone/bone marrow infxn, Neutropenia, Staph, diarrhea, Campylobacter, Pseudomonas, Bacterial Conjunctivitis, E coli, Klebsiella, Proteus infxn, Bacterial skin disease, Hemophilus infection

SE: Diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting
Ciprofloxacin/Dexamethasone

GENERIC: Ciprodex


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Quinolone, Corticosteroid

USE: OE, ear drop for swimmer's ear

Note: $$$ Expensive! Can use acetic acid (2%) with or without hydrocortisone or OTC formulas. If doesn't respond, then pt is a better candidate.
Clindamycin

GENERIC: Clindagel, Cleocin


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Lincosamides

USE: Acne, vaginal infxn, Toxoplasmosis, Staph, Strep, Pneumocystis Pneumonia

DOSE: Step-up AOM for type-1 allergy: 30 mg/kg/day, in 3 divided doses
Clindamycin phosphate + tretinoin

GENERIC: Veltin


? use
USE: acne vulgaris
Cromoglicic acid

GENERIC: NasalCrom, Gastrocrom, Crolom


? drug class, use
CLASS: Mast cell stabilizer

USE: nasal sx with AR, Conjunctivitis, Bronchospasm, Food allergy, Mast cell disorder, IBD
Desmopressin (DDAVP)

GENERIC: Ddavp, Stimate


? drug class, use
CLASS: Vasopressin analogue, Factor VIII Activator

USE: Nocturnal enuresis, Diabetes insipidus, Bleeding, Enuresis, Thrombocytopenia
Desonide

GENERIC: Desonate


? use
USE: atopic dermatitis
Dexamethasone

GENERIC: Decadron, Ozurdex, Maxidex, Baycadron


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: Allergy, Cerebral edema, Addison's disease, Septic shock, Blood disorder, Perennial Allergic Rhinitis, TumoR
Dexmethylphenidate HCl

GENERIC: Focalin


? drug class, use
CLASS: Racemic methylphenidate

USE: ADHD
Dextroamphetamine/Amphetamine

GENERIC: Adderrall (XR, Reg)


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: CNS Stimulant

USE: ADHD

Note: Schedule II controlled substance
Diphenhydramine

GENERIC: Benadryl, Sominex, Diphenhist, Hydramine


? drug class, use
CLASS: Histamine-1 Receptor AntagonisT

USE: severe allergic reactions, motion sickness
Doxycycline

GENERIC:Oracea, Doryx, Monodox, Periostat, Atridox, Morgidox,Vibra-Tabs, Alodox, Ocudox


? drug class, use, warning
CLASS: Tetracycline

USE: Lyme disease, Pneumonia, Anthrax, Bacterial pneumonia, Pleural effusion, Rickettsiosis, Mycoplasma infection

*Not for kids < 7 unless RMSF (potentially fatal)
Fexofenadine

GENERIC: Allegra


? drug class, use
CLASS: Histamine-1 Receptor AntagonisT

USE: AR, hives
Fluconazole

GENERIC: Diflucan


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Azole Antifungal

USE: Fungal infection, Fungemia, Histoplasmosis, Candidiasis, meningitis

Note: Category D in preggers
Fluticasone furoate

GENERIC: Veramyst


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: AR
Fluticasone propionate

GENERIC: Flovent Rotadisk


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: asthma >4yo
Gabapentin

GENERIC: Neurontin


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Analgesic, Anti-epileptic

USE: partial seizures >3yo
Griseofulvin

GENERIC: Gris-PEG


? drug class, use
CLASS: Tubulin Inhibiting Agent

USE: Athlete's foot, Tinea capitis
Guaifenesin

GENERIC: Mucinex, Robitussin, Guiatuss, Q-Tussin, Liqufruta, QTussin, MucaPlex, Bronchoril


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: expectorant

USE: Cough, Common cold, Sinus infection, Sore throat, Acute bronchitis, Laryngitis, Pertussis, Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Note: contraindicated for < 4 yo
Guanfacine XR

GENERIC: Intuniv


? drug class, use, dose, warnings
CLASS:, Central alpha-2 Adrenergic Agonist, old antihypertensive

USE: ADHD (with anxiety component), HTN

DOSE: 1 mg/d

Monitor BP, HR... do not take with other anti-hypertensives
Histrelin acetate

GENERIC: Supprelin LA


? use
USE: central precocious puberty
Ibuprofen

GENERIC: Advil, Midol, Motrin, Caldolor, NeoProfen


? drug class, use, dose, warnings, SE
CLASS: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-platelet, anti-pyretic

USE: Fever, Inflammation, Gout, Osteoarthritis, Menstrual cramps, Sinus infection, Tonsil inflammation, Bursitis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Premenstrual syndrome, Heavy menstrual bleeding, Chronic Childhood Arthritis, Viral meningitis, Post-Operative Pain

DOSE (weight): ... don't use for more than 10 days

Worry about renal insufficiency (drug causes decreases in renal blood flow)

Notable SE: Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Bleeding, Dizziness, Flatulence
Insulin glargine INJ

GENERIC: Lantus


? drug class, use
CLASS: Insulin

USE: DM1/2 requiring basal insulin to control hyperglycemia
Ivermectin

GENERIC: Sklice lotion, Stromectol


? drug class, use
CLASS: Antiparasitic

USE: Head lice, Scabies, Onchocerciasis, Strongyloidiasis, Ascariasis, Elephantiasis, Pinworm infection, Whipworm, Mansonelliasis
Ketoconazole

GENERIC: Nizoral, Xolegel, Extina


? drug class, use
CLASS: Azole Antifungal

USE: Seborrhea, Tinea versicolor, Ringworm, Athlete's foot, Skin inflammation, Cushing's syndrome, Histoplasmosis, keratitis, Candidiasis
Loratadine

GENERIC: Claritin Syrup


? drug class, use, dose
USE: AR, hives
Lucinactant

GENERIC: Surfaxin


? use
USE: RDS in premature infants
Methylphenidate HCl

GENERIC: Daytrana, Concerta, Ritalin, Methylin


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: CNS Stimulant

USE: ADHD, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness

SE: mood swings, agitation, paranoia

Caution: high body temp in kids, CV failure, seizure

Note: Schedule II controlled substance, only works for ~3 hrs (some parents prefer long-acting), watch supplement habits (high caffeine, etoh) and VS
Metronidazole

GENERIC: Flagyl, Metrogel


? drug class, use, dose, warnings
CLASS: Nitroimidazole Antimicrobial

USE: Bacterial infection (vagina), Trichomoniasis, Acne rosacea, Giardiasis, Amoebiasis, Abscess, Surgical Wound Infection,Helicobacter Infections, Pseudomembranous Enterocolitis, Bacteroides infections
Miconazole

GENERIC: Monistat


? drug class, use, dose, SE
CLASS: Azole Antifungal

USE: Athlete's foot, Tinea cruris, Aspergillosis, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis, Candidiasis of skin and nails

SE: Skin Burning Sensation
Mometasone

GENERIC: Elocon, Nasonex, Asmanex


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: AR, nasal polyps
Montelukast

GENERIC: Singulair


? drug class, use
CLASS: Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist

USE: prevent and control asthma attacks, including attacks caused by exercise. Also treats seasonal (short-term) and perennial (long-term) allergies.
Mupirocin

GENERIC: Centany, Bactroban


? drug class, use
CLASS: RNA Synthetase Inhibitor, Antibacterial

USE: impetigo
Nedocromil sodium

GENERIC: Tilade


? use
USE: mild-to-moderate bronchial asthma
Nystatin

GENERIC: Nystop


? drug class, use, dose
CLASS: Polyene Antifungal

USE: Candidiasis, Oral candidiasis, Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, Vulvovaginal Candidiasis

SE: Mild stinging or burning
Ofloxacin

GENERIC: Floxin, Ocuflox


? drug class, use
CLASS: Quinolone

USE: OE, OM
Olopatadine HCl

GENERIC: Patanase


? drug class, use, warnings
CLASS: Histamine-1 Receptor Inhibitor

USE: AR, Allergic conjunctivitis

Note: Schedule V controlled substance
Oseltamivir

GENERIC: Tamiflu


? drug class, use
CLASS: Neuraminidase inhibitor

USE: Influenza, Avian influenza, helps decrease incidence of AOM during flu season
Oxybutynin

GENERIC: Gelnique, Ditropan, Oxytrol


? drug class, use
CLASS: Muscarinic receptor antagonists

USE: Urinary incontinence, Overactive bladder, Neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Use for >6 yo
Permethrin

GENERIC: Nix


? drug class, use
CLASS: Pyrethroid

USE: Lice
Prednisolone

GENERIC: Orapred, Millipred, Omnipred, Flo-Pred, Econopred


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: Inflammation, Allergy, Swelling, Adrenal insufficiency, Conjunctivitis, Rheumatism, Collagen disease, Blood disorder, Skin diseases, Gastrointestinal Disorder, Respiratory Tract Dx
Ritonavir

GENERIC: Norvir


? drug class, use
CLASS: Protease inhibitor

USE: HIV infection
RSV Immune Globulin IV

GENERIC: RespiGam


? use
USE: prevention of RSV disease
Sertraline HCl

GENERIC: Zoloft


? drug class, use, SE, warning
CLASS: SSRI

USE: Off-label use in pediatrics for major depression, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Panic disorder, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Eating disorder, Depressive Disorder

SE PROFILE: Insomnia, Nausea, Diarrhea, Somnolence, Serotonin syndrome, Suicidal ideation, Indigestion, Anorexia, Decreased Libido, Agitation, Ejaculation failure
Somatropin

GENERIC: Genotropin, Norditropin


? drug class, use
CLASS: Recombinant human growth hormone

USE: growth failure
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)

GENERIC: Septra, Bactrim
CLASS: Sulfonamide + Dihydrofolate Reductase Inhibitor

USE: infxn, MRSA, UTI (10 d), HIV prophylaxis, Middle Ear Infections (5 days duration)

*Not for babies <1 mo
*Not for pregnant women
*Not w/G6PD deficiency

TMP-SMX has a 5:1 ratio
Terbinafine

GENERIC: Lamisil, Terbinex


? drug class, use
CLASS: Allylamine Antifungal

USE: Fungal nail infection, Athlete's foot, Tinea versicolor, Tinea capitis, Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis

SE: Itching, rash, swelling, blisters, or redness
Tocilizumab

GENERIC: Actemra


? use
USE: systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Topiramate

GENERIC: Topamax


? drug class, use, SE
CLASS: Anti-epileptic Agent

USE: Epilepsy, Migraine, Pain, Seizure, Bipolar disorder, Tonic–clonic seizure, Infantile Spasms

SE: Weight loss, Somnolence, Anorexia
Triamcinolone

GENERIC: Azmacort, Kenalog, Triderm, Nasacort, Kenalog, Aristospan


? drug class, use
CLASS: Corticosteroid

USE: Inflammation, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Adrenal insufficiency, Rheumatism, Bronchospasm, AR, Dermatoses
Clonidine

GENERIC: Catapres, Kapvay


? drug class, use, dose, SE, warnings
CLASS: alpha-2 adrenergic agonist

DOSE: ADHD >6 y

DOSE: 0.1-0.2 XR tab/d

SE: fatigue, solemnence , fatigue, URI/throat pain

Watch use of any other sedatives. Monitor respirations. Cannot discontinue abruptly (BP skyrockets with all ADHD)
Fluoxetine

GENERIC: Prozac


? drug class, use, dose, SE, warnings
1 of only 2 anti-depressants approved for pediatrics

CLASS: SSRI

USE: MDD (FDA), Anxiety (non-FDA)

DOSE: 10 mg/d, max 60 mg/d

SE: nausea, anorexia, HA, insomnia, anxiety
Escitalopram

GENERIC: Lexapro


? drug class, use, dose, SE, warnings
1 of only 2 anti-depressants approved for pediatrics

CLASS: SSRI

USE: MDD (FDA), Anxiety (non-FDA)

DOSE: 10 mg/d

SE: nausea, anorexia, HA, insomnia, anxiety
Clozapine

GENERIC: Clozaril, FazaClo


? drug class, use, dose, warnings, SE
Most effective anti-psychotic

CLASS: 2nd gen anti-psychotic

DOSE: 25 mg/d

SE: metabolic effects (weight gain, dyslipidemia, DM), anti-cholinergic effects, seizures, withdrawal dyskinesia

Note: SE will happen faster in kids than adults (ex. after 2m, kids have been noted to gain ~15lbs). Weigh benefit v. cardiometabolic risk.

BLACK BOX: agranulocytosis, leukocytopenia, neutropenia --> run CBCs on all pts at first sign of alternative
Aripiprazole

GENERIC: Ambilify


? drug class, use
CLASS: Atypical antipsychotic

USES: irritability associated with autism, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression
Metoclopramide

GENERIC: Reglan


? drug class, use, warnings
USE: GERD

SE: may cause tardive dyskinesia (no more than 12 d)

Note: Take this medicine on an empty stomach, 30 minutes before each meal and at bedtime.
Penicillin


? drug class, use
USE: Syphilis, GAS, GBS (prophylaxis in pregnancy)
Vancomycin


? drug class, use, SE, warnings
USE: "Ears and Kidneys", Synergy with Gentamycin; Covers Strep, Staph

SE: Red man syndrome (give more slowly)