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369 Cards in this Set

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This process assesses the number of work periods needed to complete the project activities.
Activity Duration Estimating
This process calculates and prepares the schedule of project activities, which becomes the schedule baseline.
Schedule Development
project mngrs have high degree of authority and influence
projectized organization
5 progress groups (initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, closure
project management life cycle
This process is concerned with authorizing the project or project phase. It provides the project manager with the authority to apply resources to the project.
Develop Project Charter
This process defines what the project entails, capture the intended outcome and deliverables, and describe the business objectives.
Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement
This process defines, coordinates, and integrates all subsidiary project plans, which may include project scope management plan, schedule management plan, cost management plan, quality management plan, and process improvement plan.
Develop Project Management Plan
This process documents the scope management plan, which tells how the project team will go about defining project scope, how the WBS will be developed, how changes to scope will be controlled, and how project scope will be verified.
Scope Planning
This process further elaborates the objectives and deliverables of the project into a project scope statement that’s used as a basis for future project decisions.
Scope Definition
This process maps out the deliverables of the project with subdeliverables and other components stemming from each major deliverable in a tree or chart format.
Create Work Breakdown Structure
This process identifies the activities of the project that need to be performed to produce the product or service of the project.
Activity Definition
This process sequences activities in logical order and determines if dependencies exist among the activities.
Activity Sequencing
This process determines the type of resources needed (both human and material) and in what quantities for each schedule activity within a work package.
Activity Resource Estimating
This process assesses the number of work periods needed to complete the project activities.
Activity Duration Estimating
This process calculates and prepares the schedule of project activities, which becomes the schedule baseline.
Schedule Development
This process develops and approximation of the cost of resources needed for each project activity.
Cost Estimating
This process assigns cost estimates to activities and is used to create the cost baseline.
Cost Budgeting
This process is concerned with targeting quality standards that are relevant to the project at hand and devising a plan to meet and satisfy those standards.
Quality Planning
This process documents the roles and responsibilities of individuals or groups for various project elements and then documents the reporting relationships for each.
HR Planning
This process involves determining the communication needs of the stakeholders by defining the types of information needed, the format for communicating the information, how often it’s distributed, and who prepares it.
Communication Planning
This process determines how the risks will be managed for a project.
Risk Management Planning
This process identifies the potential project risks and documents their characteristics.
Risk Identification
This process determines what impact the identified risks will have on the project and the probability that they’ll occur and puts the risks in priority order according to their effect on the project objectives.
Qualitative Risk Analysis
This process assigns numeric probabilities to each identified risk and examines their potential impact to the project objectives.
Quantitative Risk Analysis
This process defines what steps to take to reduce threats and take advantage of opportunities and assigns departments or individual staff members the responsibility of carrying out the risk response plans developed in this process.
Risk Response Planning
This process involves identifying the goods or services that will be purchased from outside of the organization, the quantity needed, and when they need to be purchased.
Plan Purchases and Acquisitions
This process prepares the documents used in the Request Seller Responses and Select Sellers processes.
Plan Contracting
This process involves carrying out the project plan. Activities are clarified, the work is authorized to begin, resources are committed and assigned to activities, and the product or service of the project is created. Most of the budget is spent here.
Direct and Manage Project Execution
This process involves attaining human resources and assigning them to the project.
Acquire Project Team
This process concerns creating an open, encouraging environment for team members as well as developing them into an effective, functioning, coordinated group.
Develop Project Team
This process involves obtaining bids and proposals from vendors in response to RFPs and similar documents prepared during the Plan Contracting process.
Request Seller Response
This process involves the receipt of bids or proposals and choosing a vendor to perform the work or supply the goods or services.
Select Seller
This process is concerned with monitoring all the processes in the Initiating, Planning, Executing, and Closing process groups.
Monitor and Control Project Work
This process is concerned with influencing the things that cause change, determining that change is needed or has happened, and managing change.
Integrated Change Control
This process formalizes the acceptance of the project scope and is primarily concerned with the acceptance of work results.
Scope Verification
This process involves documenting and managing changes to project scope.
Scope Control
This process involves documenting and managing changes to the project schedule.
Schedule Control
This process involves performing systematic quality activities and uses quality audits to determine which processes should be used to achieve the project requirements and to assure that they are performed efficiently and effectively.
Perform Quality Assurance
This process is concerned with providing stakeholders with information regarding the project in a timely manner via status reports, project meetings, review meetings, e-mail, etc.
Information Distribution
This process manages the changes to project costs using the cost change control system.
Cost Control
This process is concerned with monitoring work results to see if they fulfill the quality standards set out in the quality management plan. Also determines if end product conforms to the requirements.
Perform Quality Control
This process is concerned with tracking and reporting on the performance of individual team members and preparing performance appraisals.
Manage Project Team
This process concerns collecting and distributing performance information, including status reporting, progress measurement, and forecasting.
Performance Reporting
This process is concerned with satisfying the needs of the stakeholders by managing communications with them, resolving issues, and improving project performance by implementing requested changes.
Manage Stakeholders
This process involves responding to risks as they occur. The risk management plan details how risk is managed, and the risk response plan details how risk response strategies are implemented in the event of an actual risk event.
Risk Monitoring and Control
This process involves monitoring vendor performance and ensuring that all of the requirements of the contract are met.
Contract Administration
This process is concerned with gathering and disseminating information to formalize project closure.
Close Project
This process is concerned with completing and settling the terms of the contract and determines if the work described in the contract was completed accurately and satisfactorily.
Contract Closure
a collection of formal documented procedures that define how project deliverables and documentation are controlled changed and approved - (subsystem of configuration management systems)
Change Control System
documents the characteristics and boundries of the project
preliminary Project scope statement
This process is concerned with gathering and disseminating information to formalize project closure.
Close Project
developing in steps, continuein by increments
Progressive elaboration
improve managmenet control and reduce the dgree of uncertainty
benefits of phases
phase exits, phase gates, kill points, and Toll gates
phase end review
group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to obtain benefits not otherwise available by managing seperately
Program management
meet strategic busiess objectives (investmnts)
protfolia
government imposed requirement (compliance is mandatory - legal)
regulation
defines phases that connect the beginningna dn end of a project - there is not one specific way to define
project life cycle
attain objectives and close the project
prupose - objective of project
5 progress groups (initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, closure
project management life cycle
begins with an idea and ends with retirement
Product life cycle
measurable verifiable work product.
deliverable
combo of leadinng and managing
stewardship
type of progressive elaboration where near term work is planned in detail and work in the future is planned at a high level
rolling way planning
project mngrs have high degree of authority and influence
projectized organization
project manager is considered expediter/coordinator
functional organization and week matrix
highest at the beginning of a project
stakeholder influence
underlying concept for the interaction among the phases of project management as defined by Shewart and modified by Deming
PDCA - Plan Do- Check - Act
company culture and existing systems
Enterprise environmental factors
existing processes and procedures and historical information
organization process assets
benefit measurement methonds (economic models, scoring models, comparative approach, and Mathematical models, (lineiar PROGRAMMING and Tree)
Project Selection Methods
things for planning purposes we believe to be true
assumptions
factors that limit our decision making options
constraints
authorization, assignment and authority (3 A's)
project charter
formal procedure for assigning project work (Control Scope)
work authorization system
subsystem of the overall PMIS - also a collection of formal documented procedures used to apply technical and administrative direction
Configuration Management system
a collection of formal documented procedures that define how project deliverables and documentation are controlled changed and approved - (subsystem of configuration management systems)
Change Control System
documents the characteristics and boundries of the project
preliminary project scope statement
"Risk Identification" is in what process group?
Planning
"Qualitative and Quantitative risk analysis" is in what process group?
Planning
"Risk management planning" is in what process group?
Planning
"Risk Response Planning" is in what process group?
Planning
"Cost Estimates" is in what process group?
Planning
"Cost Budgeting" is in what process group?
Planning
ETC
"Estimate To Completion
1 sigma
68.26%
2 sigma
95.46%
3 sigma
99.73%
6 sigma
100.00%
PERT
PERT = (0+4M+P)/ 6
SD of Activity
SD = (P-0)/6
Variance of Activity
Variance of Activity = [SD]^2
Float
Float = LS - ES = LF - EF
PTA
PTA = ((Ceiling Price - Target Price)/Buyers Share Ratio) + Target Cost
EMV
EMV (Expected Monetary Value) = Impact * Probability
Communication Channels
(N (N -1))/2
"Organization Strategic Plan" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Project SOW/Contract" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Assumptions" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Constraints" is in what process group?
Initiating
"PM Assigned" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Project Charter" is in what process group?
Initiating
"ROM Cost Estimate" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Broad Scope" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Major Deliverables" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Project Boundaries" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Acceptance Criteria" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Preliminary Scope Statement" is in what process group?
Initiating
"Project Scope Managment Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Detailed Scope Statement" is in what process group?
Planning
"WBS, WBS Dictionary" is in what process group?
Planning
"Activity Definition" is in what process group?
Planning
"Activity Sequencing" is in what process group?
Planning
"Activity Resource Requirements" is in what process group?
Planning
"Activity Duration Estimates" is in what process group?
Planning
"Network Diagram" is in what process group?
Planning
What comes before "Plan Contracting (RFPs)"?
Process Improvement
What comes before "Process Improvement"?
Procurement Management Plan
What comes before "Procurement Management Plan"?
Communication Plan
What comes before "Communication Plan"?
Quality Management Plan
What comes before "Quality Management Plan"?
Change Control Plan
What comes before "Change Control Plan"?
RAM, RBS, OBS
"Schedule Development" is in what process group?
Planning
"HR Planning" is in what process group?
Planning
"Staffing Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
RBS
Risk Breakdown Structure
RAM
Responsibility Assignment Matrix
OBS
Organizational Breakdown Structure
"RAM, RBS, OBS" is in what process group?
Planning
"Change Control Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Quality Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Communication Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Procurement Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Process Improvement" is in what process group?
Planning
"Plan Contracting (RFPs)" is in what process group?
Planning
"Finalized Project Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Kick-off meeting" is in what process group?
Planning
What comes first in the Planning process group?
Project Scope Managment Plan
What comes after "Project Scope Management Plan"?
Detailed Scope Statement
What comes after "Detailed Scope Statement"?
WBS, WBS Dictionary
What comes after "WBS, WBS Dictionary"?
Activity Definition
What comes after "Activity Definition"?
Activity Sequencing
What comes after "Activity Sequencing"?
Activity Resource Requirements
What comes after "Activity Resource Requirements"?
Activity Duration Estimation
What comes after "Activity Duration Estimation"?
Network Diagram
What comes after "Network Diagram"?
Risk Identification
What comes after "Risk Identification"?
Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis
What comes after "Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis"?
Risk Management Planning
What comes after "Risk Management Planning"?
Risk Response Planning
"Schedule Development" is in what process group?
Planning
"HR Planning" is in what process group?
Planning
"Staffing Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
RBS
Risk Breakdown Structure
RAM
Responsibility Assignment Matrix
OBS
Organizational Breakdown Structure
"RAM, RBS, OBS" is in what process group?
Planning
"Change Control Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Quality Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Communication Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Procurement Management Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Process Improvement" is in what process group?
Planning
"Plan Contracting (RFPs)" is in what process group?
Planning
"Finalized Project Plan" is in what process group?
Planning
"Kick-off meeting" is in what process group?
Planning
What comes first in the Planning process group?
Project Scope Managment Plan
What comes after "Project Scope Management Plan"?
Detailed Scope Statement
What comes after "Detailed Scope Statement"?
WBS, WBS Dictionary
What comes after "WBS, WBS Dictionary"?
Activity Definition
What comes after "Activity Definition"?
Activity Sequencing
What comes after "Activity Sequencing"?
Activity Resource Requirements
What comes after "Activity Resource Requirements"?
Activity Duration Estimation
What comes after "Activity Duration Estimation"?
Network Diagram
What comes after "Network Diagram"?
Risk Identification
What comes after "Risk Identification"?
Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis
What comes after "Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis"?
Risk Management Planning
What comes after "Risk Management Planning"?
Risk Response Planning
What comes after "Risk Response Planning"?
Cost Estimates
What comes after "Cost Estimates"?
Cost Budgeting
What comes after "Cost Budgeting"?
Schedule Development
What comes after "Schedule Development"?
HR Planning
What comes after "HR Planning"?
Staffing Management Plan
What comes after "Staffing Management Plan"?
RAM, RBS, OBS
What comes after "RAM, RBS, OBS"?
Change Control Plan
What comes after "Change Control Plan"?
Quality Management Plan
What comes after "Quality Management Plan"?
Communication Plan
What comes after "Communication Plan"?
Procurement Management Plan
What comes after "Procurement Management Plan"?
Process Improvement
What comes after "Process Improvement"?
Plan Contracting (RFPs)
What comes after "Plan Contracting (RFPs)"?
Finalized Project Plan
What comes after "Finalized Project Plan"?
Kick-off meeting
What is the final step in the Planning process group?
Kick-off meeting
What comes before "Kick-off meeting"?
Finalized project plan
What comes before "Finalized project plan"?
Plan Contracting (RFPs)
"Performance Evals" is in what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
"Change Control: scope, schedule, cost, quality, risk monitoring, contract administration" is part of what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
"Scope Verification" is part of what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
"Manage Team and Stakeholders" is part of what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
"Contract Closure" is part of what process group?
Closing
"Close Project" is part of what process group?
Closing
Develop Project Team
"INPUTS:
What comes before "RAM, RBS, OBS"?
Staffing Management Plan
What comes before "Staffing Management Plan"?
HR Planning
What comes before "HR Planning"?
Schedule Development
What comes before "Schedule Development"?
Cost Budgeting
What comes before "Cost Budgeting"?
Cost Estimates
What comes before "Cost Estimates"?
Risk Response Planning
What comes before "Risk Response Planning"?
Risk Management Planning
What comes before "Risk Management Planning"?
Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis
What comes before "Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis"?
Risk Identification
What comes before "Risk Identification"?
Network Diagram
What comes before "Network Diagram"?
Activity Duration Estimates
What comes before "Activity Duration Estimates"?
Activity Resource Requirements
What comes before "Activity Resource Requirements"?
Activity Sequencing
What comes before "Activity Sequencing"?
Activity Definition
What comes before "Activity Definition"?
WBS, WBS Dictionary
What comes before "WBS, WBS Dictionary"?
Detailed Scope Statement
What comes before "Detailed Scope Statement"?
Project Scope Management Plan
"Project Performance Report" is in what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
Create WBS
INPUTS 1. OPA 2. Project Scope Statement 3. Project Management Plan 4. Approved change requests OUTPUTS 1. Project Scope Statement (updates) 2. WBS 3. WBS dicitionary 4. Scope Baseline 5. Project Scope Management Plan (updates) 6. Requested changes
Activity Definition
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project Scope Statement 4. WBS 5. WBS Dictionary 6. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity list 2. Activity attributes 3. Milestone list 4. Requested changes
Activity Resource Estimating
INPUTS 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Activity list 4. Activity attributes 5. Resource availability 6. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity resource requirements 2. Activity attributes (updates) 3. Resource breakdown structure 4. Resource calendars (updates) 5. Requested changes
Activity Duration Estimating
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Activity list 5. Activity attributes 6. Resource calendars 7. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity duration estimation 2. Activity attributes (updates)
Activity Sequencing
INPUTS: 1. Project scope statement 2. Activity list 3. Activity attributes 4. Milestone list 5. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Project schedule network diagrams. 2. Activity list (updates) 3. Activity attributes (updates) 4. Requested changes
Cost Estimating
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. WBS 5. WBS dictionary 6. Project management plan (schedule & staffing mgmt plan, risk register) OUTPUTS: 1. Activity cost estimates 2. Activity cost estimate supporting detail (description, basis of estimate, constraint, ROM) 3. Requested changes 4. Cost management plan (updates)
Cost Budgeting
INPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. WBS 3. WBS Dictionary 4. Activity cost estimates 5. Activity cost estimate supporting detail 6. Project schedule 7. Resource calendars 8. Contract 9. Cost management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Cost baseline 2. Project funding requriements 3. Cost management plan (updates) 4. Requested changes
Risk Management Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk management plan
Risk Identification
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Risk management plan 5. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register (includes list of risks, potential responses, root causes, and updated risk categories)
Qualitative Risk Analysis
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. roject scope statement 3. Risk managementplan 4. Risk register OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register(updates)
Quantitative Risk Analysis
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project scope statement 3. Risk management plan 4. Risk register 5. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register(updates) includes 1)probabilistic analusis of project for schedule & cost outcomes 2)prioritized list of quantified risks 3)trends in quantitative risk results.
Risk Response Planning
INPUT: 1. Risk management plan 2. Risk register OUTPUT: 1. Risk register(updates) 2. Project management plan(updates) 3. Risk-related contractual agreements
HR Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF (organizational, technical, interpersonal, logistical, political) 2. OPA (templates, checklists) 3.Project management plan(activity resource requirements) OUTPUTS: 1. Roles and responsibilities (role, autority, responsibility, competencies required) 2. Project organization charts 3. Staffing management plan
Communication Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Communication management plan [provides: (i)stakeholder requirements (ii)info to be communicated (iii)responsibility (iv)methods (v) escalation vi)updating]
Plan Purchases and Acquisition
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. WBS 5. WBS dictionary 6. Project management plan (risk regiter, risk related contractual agreements, resouce requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Procurement documents 2. Evaluation criteria (can include cost, technical capability, funancial capacity, business type reference, etc..) 3. Contract statement of work
Develop Project Management Plan
INPUTS: 1. Preliminary project scope statement 2. Project management processes 3. EEF 4. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Project management plan
Plan Contracting
INPUTS: 1. Procurement management plan 2. Contract statement of work 3. Make or buy decisions 4. Project management plan (risk register, risk-related contractual agreements, resource requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Procurement documents 2. Evaluation criteria (can include cost, technical capability, financial capacity, business type, references, etc…) 3. Contract statement of work (updates)
Schedule Development
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project scope statement 3. Activity list 4. Activity attributes 5. Project schedule network diagrams 6. Activity resource requirements 7. Resource calendars 8. Activity duration estimates 9. Project management plan (risk register) OUTPUTS: 1. Project schedule 2. Schedule model data 3. Schedule baseline 4. Resource requirements (updates) 5. Activity attributes (updates) 6. Project calendar (updates) 7. Requested changes 8. Project management plan (updates, including schedule management plan)
Direct and Management Project Execution
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Approved corrective actions 3. Approved preventive actions 4. Approved change requests 5. Approved defect repair 6. Validated defect report 7. Administrative closure procedure OUTPUTS: 1. Deliverables 2. Requested changes 3. Implemented change requests 4. Implemented corrective actions 5. Implemented preventative actions 6. Implemented defect repair 7. Work performance information (status, budget, % complete)
Integrated Change Control
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Requested changes 3. Work performance information 4. Recommended preventative actions 5. Recommended corrective actions 6. Recommended defect repair 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Approved change requests 2. Rejected change requests 3. Project management plan (updates) 4. Project scope management (updates) 5. Approved corrective actions 6. Approved preventative actions 7. Approved defect repair 8. Validated defect repair 9. Deliverables
Acquire Project Team
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Roles and responsibilities 4. Project organization charts 5. Staffing management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Project staff assignments 2. Resource availability 3. Staffing management plan (updates)
Perform Quality Control
INPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Quality checklists 4. OPA 5. Work performance information 6. Approved change requests 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Quality control measurements 2. Validated defect repair 3. Quality baseline (updates) 4. Recommended corrective actions 5. Recommended preventative actions 6. Requested changes 7. Recommended defect repair 8. OPA 9. Validated deliverables 10. Project management plan (updates)
Develop Project Team
INPUTS: 1. Project staff assignments 2. Staffing management plan 3. Resource availability OUTPUTS: 1. Team performance assessment includes 1) improvements in skills for individuals 2) improvements in competencies for the group as a whole 3) reduce staff turnover rate
Schedule Control
INPUTS: 1. Schedule management plan 2. Schedule baseline 3. Performance reports 4. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Schedule model data (updates) 2. Schedule baseline (updates) 3. Performance measurements 4. Requested changes 5. Recommended corrective actions 6. OPA 7. Activity list (updates) 8. Activity attributes (updates) 9. Project management plan (updates)
Perform Quality Assurance
INPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Process improvement plan 4. Work performance information 5. Approved change requests 6. Quality control measurements 7. Implemented change requests 8. Implemented corrective actions 9. Implemented defect repair 10. Implemented preventative actions OUTPUTS: 1. Requested changes 2. Recommended corrective actions 3. Process analysis 4. Quality control tools and techniques
Cost Control
INPUTS: 1. Cost baseline 2. Project funding requirements 3. Performance reports 4. Approved change requests Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Cost estimate (updates) 2. Cost baseline (updates) 3. Performance measurements 4. Forecasted completion 5. Requested changes 6. Recommended corrective actions 7. Organizational process assets (updates) 8. Project management plan (updates)
Information Distribution
INPUTS: 1. Communications management plan OUTPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Requested changes
Request Seller Response
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Procurement management plan 3. Procurement documents OUTPUTS: 1. Qualified sellers list 2. Procurement document package 3. Proposals
Select Seller
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Procurement management plan 3. Evaluation criteria 4. Procurement document package 5. Proposals 6. Qualified sellers list 7. Project management plan (risk register, risk-related contractual agreements, resource requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Selected sellers 2. Contract 3. Contract management plan 4. Resource availability 5. Procurement management plan (updates) 6. Requested changes
Manage Project Team
INPUTS: • OPA • Project staff assignments • Roles and responsibilities • Project organizational charts • Staffing management plan • Team performance assessment • Work performance information • Performance reports OUTPUTS: 1. Requested changes 2. Recommended corrective actions 3. Recommended preventative actions 4. OPA (updates) 5. Project management plan (updates)
Scope Verification
INPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. WBS Dictionary 3. Project Scope Management Plan 4. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Accepted Deliverables 2. Requested Changes 3. Recommended Corrective Actions
Close the Project
INTPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Contract documentation 3. EEF 4. OPA 5. Work performance information 6. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Administrative closure procedure 2. Contract closure procedure 3. Final product, service or result 4. OPA (updates)
What comes before "RAM, RBS, OBS"?
Staffing Management Plan
What comes before "Staffing Management Plan"?
HR Planning
What comes before "HR Planning"?
Schedule Development
What comes before "Schedule Development"?
Cost Budgeting
What comes before "Cost Budgeting"?
Cost Estimates
What comes before "Cost Estimates"?
Risk Response Planning
What comes before "Risk Response Planning"?
Risk Management Planning
What comes before "Risk Management Planning"?
Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis
What comes before "Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis"?
Risk Identification
What comes before "Risk Identification"?
Network Diagram
What comes before "Network Diagram"?
Activity Duration Estimates
What comes before "Activity Duration Estimates"?
Activity Resource Requirements
What comes before "Activity Resource Requirements"?
Activity Sequencing
What comes before "Activity Sequencing"?
Activity Definition
What comes before "Activity Definition"?
WBS, WBS Dictionary
What comes before "WBS, WBS Dictionary"?
Detailed Scope Statement
What comes before "Detailed Scope Statement"?
Project Scope Management Plan
"Project Performance Report" is in what process group?
Monitoring and Controlling
An estimating technique that uses the values of parameters, such as scope, cost, budget, and duration from a previous, similar activity for estimating for future activity.
Analogous Estimating [Technique] (Activity Duration Estimation)
Develop Project Charter
INPUTS: 1. Contract 2. SOW (includes business need, scope description, strategic plan) 3. EEF 4. OPA (templates, procedures) OUTPUTS: 1. Project Charter
Effort applied to project work that is not readily divisible into discrete efforts for that work, but which is related in direct proportion to measurable discrete work efforts.
Apportioned Effort (AE)
Scope Definition
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project Charter 3. Preliminary Project Scope Statement 4. Project scope Management Plan 5. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. Requested Changes 3. Project scope management plan (updates)
A schedule network diagramming technique in which schedule activities are represented by arrows and nodes represent sequence in which the schedule activities are expected to be performed.
Arrow Diagramming Method (ADM) [Technique] (Activity Sequencing)
Scope Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project Charter 4. Preliminary Project Scope Statement 5. Project Management Plan OUTPUTS: 1. Project Scope Management Plan
A technique that explores the accuracy of assumptions and identifies risks to the project from inaccuracy of the assumption.
Assumptions Analysis [Technique] (Risk Identification)
Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement
INPUTS: 1. Project Charter 2. SOW 3. EEF 4. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Prelimnary Project Scope Statement
The calculation of the late finish and start dates for uncompleted work by working backwards through the schedule logic from the end date.
Backward Pass
Method of estimating a component of work from the lowest, more detailed pieces of work and then aggregating the resource/cost needs upwards into a total quantity for that component.
Bottom-Up Estimating [Technique] (Activity Resource Estimating) (Cost Estimating)
A general data gathering and creativity technique that can be used to identify risks, ideas, or solutions to issues by using a group of team members or experts and recording their ideas.
Brainstorming [Techinique] (Risk Identification)
The sum of all the budgets established for the work to be performed on a project. The total PLANNED VALUE for a project.
Budget at Completion
Any numbering system used to monitor project costs by category (e.g. labor, supplies). Based upon the corporate chart of accounts of the perfoming organization.
Chart of Accounts [Tool]
Any numbering system used to uniquely identify each component of the WBS.
Code of Accounts [Tool]
A control point placed on the WBS above the Work Package level to be used for planning when associated work packages have not yet been planned.
Control Account (CA) [Technique]- Part of the 2 Planning Components of Activity Definition. All work in a control account is doc. in a control account plan. Other component is a Planning package which goes below a CA but above a Work package. (Known work content, but no details)
A graphic display of process data over time and against established control limits. Has a centerline that assists in detecting trends of plotted values towards the limits.
Control Chart [Tool] (Perform Quality Control)
The area composed of 3 standard deviations on either side of the centerline or mean of a control chart that reflects the expected variation in the data.
Control Limits (on a control chart in the Perform Quality Control process)
Determining the costs incurred to ensure quality, whether it is Cost of Conformance (Prevention, appraisal costs) or Cost of Non-Conformance (Failure, rework, waste, reputation)
Cost of Quality (COQ) [Technique] (Quality Planning)
A type of reimbursable contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the allowable costs for the contract work and the seller also receives a fee calculated as an agreed upon percentage of Actual Cost.
Cost-Plus-Fee (CPF) Cost-Plus-Percent-Cost (CPPC)
A type of reimbursable contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the allowable costs for the contract work and the seller also receives a fixed amount of profit (Fee).
Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee (CPFF)
Quality Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Quality checklists 4. Process improvement plan(steps to analyze processes to identify waste & non-value added items) 5. Quality baseline 6. Project management plan (updates)
A type of reimbursable contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the allowable costs for the contract work and the seller earns its profit if it meets defined performance criteria.
Cost-Plus-Incentive-Fee (CPIF)
A type of contract where the buyer reimburses the seller for the allowable costs for the contract work and the seller also receives a fee representing the seller's profit.
Cost-Reimbursable Contract
A measure of cost performance on a project represented by the Earned Value (EV) - Actual Cost (AC)
Cost Variance CV = EV - AC CV = BCWP - ACWP
A specific type of project schedule compression technique performed by taking action to compress the total schedule duration for the least incremental cost by analyzing cost and schedule tradeoffs.
Crashing [Technique] (Schedule Development)
A schedule network analysis technique that modifies the project schedule to account for limited resources. (mixes deterministic and probablilistic approaches)
Critical Chain Method [Technique] (Schedule Development)
Generally, but not always, the sequence of schedule activities that determine the duration of the project. The longest path through the project.
Critical Path (Schedule Development)
A schedule network analysis method used to determine the amount of scheduling flexibility(amount of float) on various logical network paths to determine the minimum project duration. Forward pass to get early start and finish dates/Backward pass to get late start and finish dates.
Critical Path Method (CPM) (Schedule Development)
A diagram that describes a decision under consideration and the implications of choosing one or another alternative. Used when future outcomes are uncertain. (Expected monetary value analysis)
Decision Tree Analysis [Technique] (Quantitative Risk Analysis)
An information gathering technique used as a way to reach a consensus of experts on a subject while reducing bias. (Anonymous participation)
Delphi Technique [Technique] (Risk Identification)
A management technique used for evaluationg a proposed design to ensure that the design meets customer requirements.
Design Review [Technique] (Quality)
Work efford that is related to the completion of specific WBS components and deliverables that can be accurately planned and measured.
Discrete Effort (opposite of apportioned Effort)
A Management methodology for measuring project performance by determining BCWP (EV) and comparing it to the actual cost (AC) ACWP and project progress by comparing EV/BCWP to Planned Value (PV, BCWS).
Earned Value Management [Technique] (Cost Control) (Schedule Control) (Monitor and Control Project Work)
A statistical technique that calculates the average outcome when the future is uncertain commonly used in decision tree analysis.
Expected Monetary Value (EMV) [Technique] (Quantitative Risk Analysis)
Type of Fixed price contract where the buyer pays the seller a set amount regardless of the seller's costs.
Firm-Fixed-Price (FFP)
A type of contract where the buyer pays the seller a set amount and the seller can earn an additional amount if the seller meets defined criteria.
Fixed-Price-Incentive-Fee (FPIF)
Type of contract involving a fixed total price for a well defined product.
Fixed-Price or Lump-Sum Contract
The depiction in a diagram format of the inputs, process actions and outputs of one or more processes within a system
Flowcharting [Technique] (Perform Quality Control)
Estimates or predictions of conditions and events in the projects future based on projects past and expected performance. Updated and reissued based on Work performance info as the project is executed. Yields EAC and ETC
Forecasting [Technique] (Cost Control) Outout to M&CPW
Risk Monitoring and Control
INPUTS: 1. Risk management plan 2. Risk register 3. Approved change requests 4. Work performance information 5. Performance reports OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register (updates) 2. Requested changes 3. Recommended corrective actions 4. Recommended preventative actions 5. OPA 6. Project management plan (updates)
Amount of time that a schedule activity can be delayed without delaying the early start of any immediately following schedule activities.
Free Float (FF)
A category or rank used to distinguish items that have the same functional use, but do not share the same requirements for quality.
Grade
Monitor and Control Project Work
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Work performance information 3. Rejected change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Recommended corrective actions 2. Recommended preventative actions 3. Forecasts 4. Recommended defect repair 5. Requested changes
Examining or measuring to verify whether an activity, component, product, result or service conforms to specified requirements.
Inspection (reviews, audits, walkthroughs) [Technique] (Scope Verification) (Perform Quality Control) (Contract Admin)
Scope Control
INPUTS: 1. Project scope statement 2. WBS 3. WBS dictionary 4. Project scope management plan 5. Performance reports 6. Approved change requests 7. Work performance information OUTPUTS: 1. Project scope statement (updates) 2. WBS (updates) 3. WBS dictionary (updates) 4. Scope baseline (updates) 5. Requested changes 6. Recommended corrective action 7. OPA (updates) 8. Project Management Plan (updates)
A mod of a logical relationship that allows an acceleration of the succesor activity.
Lead (Schedule Development)
Contract Administration
INPUTS: 1. Contract 2. Contract management plan 3. Selected sellers 4. Performance reports 5. Approved change requests 6. Work performance information OUTPUTS: 1. Contract documentation 2. Requested changes 3. Recommended corrective actions 4. OPA 5. Project management plan (updates)
Manage Stakeholders
INPUTS: 1. Communications management plan 2. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Resolved issues 2. Approved change requests 3. Approved corrective actions 4. OPA 5. Project management plans (updates)
Performance Reporting
INPUTS: 1. Work performance information 2. Performance measurements 3. Forecasted completion 4. Quality control measurements 5. Project management plan (performance measurement baseline) 6. Approved change requests 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Performance reports 2. Forecasts 3. Requested changes 4. Recommended corrective actions 5. OPA
Contract Closure
INTPUTS: 1. Procurement management plan 2. Contract management plan 3. Contract documentation 4. Contract closure procedure OUTPUTS: 1. Closed contracts 2. OPA (update contract file, deliverable acceptance, and lessons learned documentation)
A source of variation on a control chart that would be considered normal and within limits and is predictable.
Common Cause
A narrative description of products, services, or results to be supplied under contract.
Contract Statement of Work OUTPUT of PP and Acq (&PC) INPUT of Plan Contracting
Schedule Variance (SV)
SV = EV - PV EV = Earned Value PV = Planned Value - always bad =0 right on + always good
Cost Variance (CV)
CV = EV - AC EV = Earned Value AC = Actual Cost - always bad =0 right on + Always good
Present Value (PV)
PV = FA / (1+ i^n) FA = Future Amount i = interest rate n = number of years
INPUTS: 1. Contract 2. SOW (includes business need, scope description, strategic plan) 3. EEF 4. OPA (templates, procedures) OUTPUTS: 1. Project Charter
Develop Project Charter
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project Charter 3. Preliminary Project Scope Statement 4. Project scope Management Plan 5. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. Requested Changes 3. Project scope management plan (updates)
Scope Definition
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project Charter 4. Preliminary Project Scope Statement 5. Project Management Plan OUTPUTS: 1. Project Scope Management Plan
Scope Planning
INPUTS: 1. Project Charter 2. SOW 3. EEF 4. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Prelimnary Project Scope Statement
Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Quality checklists 4. Process improvement plan(steps to analyze processes to identify waste & non-value added items) 5. Quality baseline 6. Project management plan (updates)
Quality Planning
INPUTS 1. OPA 2. Project Scope Statement 3. Project Management Plan 4. Approved change requests OUTPUTS 1. Project Scope Statement (updates) 2. WBS 3. WBS dicitionary 4. Scope Baseline 5. Project Scope Management Plan (updates) 6. Requested changes
Create WBS
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project Scope Statement 4. WBS 5. WBS Dictionary 6. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity list 2. Activity attributes 3. Milestone list 4. Requested changes
Activity Definition
INPUTS 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Activity list 4. Activity attributes 5. Resource availability 6. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity resource requirements 2. Activity attributes (updates) 3. Resource breakdown structure 4. Resource calendars (updates) 5. Requested changes
Activity Resource Estimating
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Activity list 5. Activity attributes 6. Resource calendars 7. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Activity duration estimation 2. Activity attributes (updates)
Activity Duration Estimating
INPUTS: 1. Project scope statement 2. Activity list 3. Activity attributes 4. Milestone list 5. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Project schedule network diagrams. 2. Activity list (updates) 3. Activity attributes (updates) 4. Requested changes
Activity Sequencing
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. WBS 5. WBS dictionary 6. Project management plan (schedule & staffing mgmt plan, risk register) OUTPUTS: 1. Activity cost estimates 2. Activity cost estimate supporting detail (description, basis of estimate, constraint, ROM) 3. Requested changes 4. Cost management plan (updates)
Cost Estimating
INPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. WBS 3. WBS Dictionary 4. Activity cost estimates 5. Activity cost estimate supporting detail 6. Project schedule 7. Resource calendars 8. Contract 9. Cost management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Cost baseline 2. Project funding requriements 3. Cost management plan (updates) 4. Requested changes
Cost Budgeting
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk management plan
Risk Management Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Risk management plan 5. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register (includes list of risks, potential responses, root causes, and updated risk categories)
Risk Identification
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. roject scope statement 3. Risk managementplan 4. Risk register OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register(updates)
Qualitative Risk Analysis
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project scope statement 3. Risk management plan 4. Risk register 5. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register(updates) includes 1)probabilistic analusis of project for schedule & cost outcomes 2)prioritized list of quantified risks 3)trends in quantitative risk results.
Quantitative Risk Analysis
INPUT: 1. Risk management plan 2. Risk register OUTPUT: 1. Risk register(updates) 2. Project management plan(updates) 3. Risk-related contractual agreements
Risk Response Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF (organizational, technical, interpersonal, logistical, political) 2. OPA (templates, checklists) 3.Project management plan(activity resource requirements) OUTPUTS: 1. Roles and responsibilities (role, autority, responsibility, competencies required) 2. Project organization charts 3. Staffing management plan
HR Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Communication management plan [provides: (i)stakeholder requirements (ii)info to be communicated (iii)responsibility (iv)methods (v) escalation vi)updating]
Communication Planning
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Project scope statement 4. WBS 5. WBS dictionary 6. Project management plan (risk regiter, risk related contractual agreements, resouce requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Procurement documents 2. Evaluation criteria (can include cost, technical capability, funancial capacity, business type reference, etc..) 3. Contract statement of work
Plan Purchases and Acquisition
INPUTS: 1. Preliminary project scope statement 2. Project management processes 3. EEF 4. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Project management plan
Develop Project Management Plan
INPUTS: 1. Procurement management plan 2. Contract statement of work 3. Make or buy decisions 4. Project management plan (risk register, risk-related contractual agreements, resource requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Procurement documents 2. Evaluation criteria (can include cost, technical capability, financial capacity, business type, references, etc…) 3. Contract statement of work (updates)
Plan Contracting
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Project scope statement 3. Activity list 4. Activity attributes 5. Project schedule network diagrams 6. Activity resource requirements 7. Resource calendars 8. Activity duration estimates 9. Project management plan (risk register) OUTPUTS: 1. Project schedule 2. Schedule model data 3. Schedule baseline 4. Resource requirements (updates) 5. Activity attributes (updates) 6. Project calendar (updates) 7. Requested changes 8. Project management plan (updates, including schedule management plan)
Schedule Development
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Approved corrective actions 3. Approved preventive actions 4. Approved change requests 5. Approved defect repair 6. Validated defect report 7. Administrative closure procedure OUTPUTS: 1. Deliverables 2. Requested changes 3. Implemented change requests 4. Implemented corrective actions 5. Implemented preventative actions 6. Implemented defect repair 7. Work performance information (status, budget, % complete)
Direct and Management Project Execution
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Requested changes 3. Work performance information 4. Recommended preventative actions 5. Recommended corrective actions 6. Recommended defect repair 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Approved change requests 2. Rejected change requests 3. Project management plan (updates) 4. Project scope management (updates) 5. Approved corrective actions 6. Approved preventative actions 7. Approved defect repair 8. Validated defect repair 9. Deliverables
Integrated Change Control
INPUTS: 1. EEF 2. OPA 3. Roles and responsibilities 4. Project organization charts 5. Staffing management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Project staff assignments 2. Resource availability 3. Staffing management plan (updates)
Acquire Project Team
INPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Quality checklists 4. OPA 5. Work performance information 6. Approved change requests 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Quality control measurements 2. Validated defect repair 3. Quality baseline (updates) 4. Recommended corrective actions 5. Recommended preventative actions 6. Requested changes 7. Recommended defect repair 8. OPA 9. Validated deliverables 10. Project management plan (updates)
Perform Quality Control
INPUTS: 1. Project staff assignments 2. Staffing management plan 3. Resource availability OUTPUTS: 1. Team performance assessment includes 1) improvements in skills for individuals 2) improvements in competencies for the group as a whole 3) reduce staff turnover rate
Develop Project Team
INPUTS: 1. Schedule management plan 2. Schedule baseline 3. Performance reports 4. Approved change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Schedule model data (updates) 2. Schedule baseline (updates) 3. Performance measurements 4. Requested changes 5. Recommended corrective actions 6. OPA 7. Activity list (updates) 8. Activity attributes (updates) 9. Project management plan (updates)
Schedule Control
INPUTS: 1. Quality management plan 2. Quality metrics 3. Process improvement plan 4. Work performance information 5. Approved change requests 6. Quality control measurements 7. Implemented change requests 8. Implemented corrective actions 9. Implemented defect repair 10. Implemented preventative actions OUTPUTS: 1. Requested changes 2. Recommended corrective actions 3. Process analysis 4. Quality control tools and techniques
Perform Quality Assurance
INPUTS: 1. Cost baseline 2. Project funding requirements 3. Performance reports 4. Approved change requests Project management plan OUTPUTS: 1. Cost estimate (updates) 2. Cost baseline (updates) 3. Performance measurements 4. Forecasted completion 5. Requested changes 6. Recommended corrective actions 7. Organizational process assets (updates) 8. Project management plan (updates)
Cost Control
INPUTS: 1. Communications management plan OUTPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Requested changes
Information Distribution
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Procurement management plan 3. Procurement documents OUTPUTS: 1. Qualified sellers list 2. Procurement document package 3. Proposals
Request Seller Response
INPUTS: 1. OPA 2. Procurement management plan 3. Evaluation criteria 4. Procurement document package 5. Proposals 6. Qualified sellers list 7. Project management plan (risk register, risk-related contractual agreements, resource requirements, project schedule, activity cost estimates, cost baseline) OUTPUTS: 1. Selected sellers 2. Contract 3. Contract management plan 4. Resource availability 5. Procurement management plan (updates) 6. Requested changes
Select Seller
INPUTS: • OPA • Project staff assignments • Roles and responsibilities • Project organizational charts • Staffing management plan • Team performance assessment • Work performance information • Performance reports OUTPUTS: 1. Requested changes 2. Recommended corrective actions 3. Recommended preventative actions 4. OPA (updates) 5. Project management plan (updates)
Manage Project Team
INPUTS: 1. Project Scope Statement 2. WBS Dictionary 3. Project Scope Management Plan 4. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Accepted Deliverables 2. Requested Changes 3. Recommended Corrective Actions
Scope Verification
INTPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Contract documentation 3. EEF 4. OPA 5. Work performance information 6. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Administrative closure procedure 2. Contract closure procedure 3. Final product, service or result 4. OPA (updates)
Close the Project
INPUTS: 1. Risk management plan 2. Risk register 3. Approved change requests 4. Work performance information 5. Performance reports OUTPUTS: 1. Risk register (updates) 2. Requested changes 3. Recommended corrective actions 4. Recommended preventative actions 5. OPA 6. Project management plan (updates)
Risk Monitoring and Control
INPUTS: 1. Project management plan 2. Work performance information 3. Rejected change requests OUTPUTS: 1. Recommended corrective actions 2. Recommended preventative actions 3. Forecasts 4. Recommended defect repair 5. Requested changes
Monitor and Control Project Work
Inspection (reviews, audits, walkthroughs) [Technique] (Scope Verification) (Perform Quality Control) (Contract Admin)
Examining or measuring to verify whether an activity, component, product, result or service conforms to specified requirements.
INPUTS: 1. Project scope statement 2. WBS 3. WBS dictionary 4. Project scope management plan 5. Performance reports 6. Approved change requests 7. Work performance information OUTPUTS: 1. Project scope statement (updates) 2. WBS (updates) 3. WBS dictionary (updates) 4. Scope baseline (updates) 5. Requested changes 6. Recommended corrective action 7. OPA (updates) 8. Project Management Plan (updates)
Scope Control
Lead (Schedule Development)
A mod of a logical relationship that allows an acceleration of the succesor activity.
INPUTS: 1. Contract 2. Contract management plan 3. Selected sellers 4. Performance reports 5. Approved change requests 6. Work performance information OUTPUTS: 1. Contract documentation 2. Requested changes 3. Recommended corrective actions 4. OPA 5. Project management plan (updates)
Contract Administration
INPUTS: 1. Communications management plan 2. OPA OUTPUTS: 1. Resolved issues 2. Approved change requests 3. Approved corrective actions 4. OPA 5. Project management plans (updates)
Manage Stakeholders
INPUTS: 1. Work performance information 2. Performance measurements 3. Forecasted completion 4. Quality control measurements 5. Project management plan (performance measurement baseline) 6. Approved change requests 7. Deliverables OUTPUTS: 1. Performance reports 2. Forecasts 3. Requested changes 4. Recommended corrective actions 5. OPA
Performance Reporting
INTPUTS: 1. Procurement management plan 2. Contract management plan 3. Contract documentation 4. Contract closure procedure OUTPUTS: 1. Closed contracts 2. OPA (update contract file, deliverable acceptance, and lessons learned documentation)
Contract Closure