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19 Cards in this Set

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Name the three basic layers of the Earth from outermost layer to innermost.

Crust, Mantle, Core

Name the 5 physical layers of the Earth from the outermost to the innermost.

Lithosphere


Asthenosphere


Mesosphere


Outer Core


Inner Core

What are the two types of crust?

Continental


Oceanic

Which type of crust is thinner and denser?

Oceanic

True or False: The inner core is liquid

False


The inner core is solid

True or False: The outer core is liquid

True

True or False: Tectonic plates are part of the mesosphere

False


Tectonic plates are part of the lithospherw

True or False: Tectonic plates move around on the asthenosphere

True

Who developed the continental drift theory?

Alfred Wegner

What is the name of the last super continent?

Pangaea

Describe two pieces of evidence that support Wegner's theory

Matching fossils on opposite coastlines


Matching rocks and minerals on opposite coastlines


Matching mountain ranges on opposite coastlines


Matching glacier markings


Continents look like they fit together

When two plates move together or collide this is called ______

Convergent

When two plates separate this is called _______

Divergent

When two plates move side by side this is called a ________ boundry

Transform

What does plate movement at a transform boundary cause?

Earthquakes

What does plate movement at a continental-continental convergent plate boundary cause?

Mountains

What does plate movement at an oceanic-oceanic divergent plate boundary cause?

sea floor spreading or under water mountains

What does plate movement at a continental-continental divergent boundary cause?

Rift valleys

What plate boundary creates volcanoes?

continental-oceanic convergent