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26 Cards in this Set

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Photosynthesis

Process by which plants make their ownfood.

Chlorophyll

A green pigment that captures energyfrom sunlight.

Producer

An organism that makes its own food.

Nonvascular Plant

A plant with no conducting tissues or trueroots, stems, and leaves.

Vascular Plant

A plant that has specialized tissues thatconduct materials from one part of theplant to another.

Gymnosperm

A woody nonvascular seed plant whose seeds are not inclosed by an ovary or a fruit

Angiosperm

A flowering plants that produces seedswithin a fruit

Pollen

Tiny granules that contain sperm of seedplants.

Pollination

The transport of pollen from malereproductive structures to femalestructures of seed plants.

Xylem

Vascular tissue that transports water andminerals through the plant.

Phloem

Vascular tissue that transports foodmolecules to all parts of a plant.

Herbaceous stems

Stems that are soft, thin, and flexible.

Woody stems

Stems that are made out of wood andbark.

Stomata

Tiny openings in the leaves that allowcarbon dioxide to enter the leaf.

Sepal

In a flower, one of the outermost rings ofmodified leaves that protect the flowerbud

Petal

The usually bright, leaf shape parts of aflower.

Stamen

Male reproductive structure of a flower.

Pistil

Female reproductive structure.

Ovary

The lower part of the Pistil that produceseggs and ovaries.

Transpiration

The loss of water vapor through theStomata in leaves.

Dormant

Inactive state of a seed.

Germination

The sprouting of a seed.

Phototropism

A change in the direction a plant growsthat is caused by light.

Gravitropism

The changes in plant growth caused bygravity.

Evergreen

The trees that shed some leaves yearround so that there’s always some leaveson the trees.

Deciduous

The trees that lose all their leaves aroundthe same time each year.