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20 Cards in this Set

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the food and manufacturing process in green plants that combine carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and oxygen

photosynthesis

process which plant leaves, stems and roots consume oxygen and give off carbon dioxide

respiration

process by which plant roots take in water and air

absorption

process by which plants loose water from leaves and stems through evaporation

transpiration

when food and nutrients are moved within a plant from one plant part to another

translocation

the plant process that increases plant numbers

reproduction

basic unit of growth

plant cells

when a plant first starts to grow from a seed

juvenile

when a plant produces flowers, seeds and fruits

reproductive

when a plant rests or grows very little, if any

dormant

location of plant's genetic and hereditary make-up

nucleus

the living matter of the cell

protoplasm

rigid and provides support for the cell and thus the whole part

cell wall

usually one type of cell

simple

several types of cells

complex

near tip of stems and roots where cell division and enlargement occur

meristematic

increase growth in diameter of stems

vascular cambium

have thick cell walls that strengthen and support plant structures

collenchyma

fleshy part of plant that stores water and nutrients

parenchyma

growth and development of buds, roots, leaves and stems

vegetative