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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

"laissez faire" means

to let things be.

Enabling Acts

establish government agencies to carry out specific policies within specific jurisdictions

A local planning board (or agency) is made up of

citizens from the community, appointed by a county executive or a mayor, to review and recommend action for proposed changes in planning and zoning.

A local planning boards authority includes

the right to approve or deny subdivision plats, site plan approvals and sign control.

purpose of the Growth Management Act
to encourage compact development and limit urban sprawl

2 major provisions of the growth management act

1. All local comprehensive plans put land into zones; and

2. Infrastructure (such as city streets, water services, fire services and sewer management) will be in place concurrently with land development.

concurrent provision of the growth management act means

that planning has to be done before development occurs

according to the growth management act:
each city and county must establish a local planning agency that is made up of

local citizens with no professional training in planning or zoning. These individuals are appointed and serve in an advisory capacity.

Concurrency allows new development only after

a minimum of public infrastructure is in place around the development site.

Zoning falls under the category of

Police Power

The five basic categories of zoning are

1. Residential

2. Commercial

3. Industrial

4. Agricultural

5. Special use

The purpose of zoning is to

promote public health, safety and general welfare.

Exceptions to current zoning are possible with

a variance, a non-conforming use and a special exception.

Special exemption

when homeowners petition local authorities to allow the commercial use in the residential area. (a convenience store close to home.)


the process by which an applicant can request deviation from the set of rules a city applies to land use and land development, typically a zoning ordinance, building code or municipal code
The purpose of residential zoning is to
control density- number of dwellings per acre.

to control density, residential zoning uses what 3 things?

1. Lot size

2. Set back

3. Lot coverage

Lot size -

how many acres can be used in a plat of ground.

Set back

minimum distances between the lot line and the building line.

Zoning regulations require a minimum lot size of
10,000 square feet each and a 50 foot minimum street frontage.
Commercial zoning is designed to
control the intensity of business

Special use zoning is most often used for

churches, hospitals or other community buildings

Certificate of Occupancy

issued by the city or county when the building has been completed to code and ready for occupancy.

Master Plan

a comprehensive 5-10 year plan that anticipates the growth and expansion of the city

Developments of Regional Impact (DRI)

any development which, because of its character, magnitude, or location, would have a substantial effect upon the health, safety, or welfare of the citizens of more than one (1) county.

PUD (planned unit/urban development)

PUD uses common areas and green spaces to connect homes. (Think oak run, stone creek)

The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 requires
an Environmental Impact Statement included when major development is begun

A public water system

provides water to 25 or more people for at least 60 days each year or serves 15 or more service connections.

a septic system is a

Onsite Sewage Treatment and Disposal System or OSTDS

CERCLA Stands for

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

Limiting restrictions

things you cannot do. (No fences, no dog runs, etc.)

Affirmative restrictions

things you must follow. (Set back requirements, minimum square footage, front of house must be brick, etc.)

Who enforces property restrictions? how do they do it?

The courts, The court issues an Injunction to prevent a neighboring lot owner from violating the recorded restrictions.

a federal program enabling property owners in participating communities to purchase flood insurance against losses from flooding.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)

A Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) or high risk area is defined as

any land that would be inundated by having a 1-percent chance of occurring in any given year. This is also referred to as the base flood.

how much of a discount can homeowners expect from NFIPs community rating system?

5 to 45 percent

Development within the Special Flood Hazard area must be restricted so as not to

obstruct the natural flow of flood waters and residential property must have the first floor above the "Base Flood Elevation."

what percent of the purchasers of National Flood Insurance are in Florida?


R-Value measures

thermal and moisture protection.

When does non-conforming use apply?

As long as the use is not interrupted and the ownership does not change, the old use may continue.