Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
_________ nervous system is the main factor in saliva secretion
parasympathetic
omeprazole inhibits the parietal cell ___________ pump
K+/H+
The _______ cells pump H+ into the lumen and bicarb into the interstitium
parietal
the alkaline tide pumps HCO3- into the interstitium in exchange for _________
Cl-
________ and _______ ions passively move from parietal cells to the lumen
K+ and Cl-
What effect do H2 histamine blockers have on gastric acid secretion?
decrease
what is the role of PPI's?
K+/H+ pump inhibitor decreases H+ secretion from parietal cells
NSAIDs effect the gastric mucosa by blocking the release of ___________
prostaglandins
H. Pylori inhibits __________ secretion
somatostatin
B12 binds to __________ in the stomach and is split from it in the duodenum by __________, Next it binds to ________
R-binder; proteases; IF
______ is neccessary for the conversion of pepsinogen to pepsin
H+
somatostatin is secreted by _____ cells
D
Pancreatic duct cells release _______ and ________
water; bicarb
pancreatic acinar cells release ________
pancreatic enzymes
Cl- moves from the pancreatic ductal cell into the lumen through the _________ channel
CFTR
Secretin and Ach stimulate the movement of _________ into the pancreatic lumen
bicarb
Cystic fibrosis results from decreased secretion of _______ and _______
bicarb and water
What are the three triggers of bicarb release from the pancreatic ductal cells?
vagus, secretin, CCK
Pancreatic polypeptide _______ pancreatic secretions
decreases
what are the primary bile salts?
cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid
what are the secondary bile salts?
deoxycholic acid, lithocholic acid
how are mixed micelles different from simple micelles?
mixed micelles have lipid tucked in the middle. simple micelles are empty
conjugated bile salts are ____________ lipid soluble
more
most fats are absorbed by the end of the ____________
jejunum
secretin stimulates a net ________ of NaCl
secretion
during the interdigestive phase, the sphincter of odi is _________
closed
__________ are responsible of the conversion of primary bile salts to secondary bile salts
intestinal bacteria