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62 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Which lobe of the brain contains theprimary motor cortex?


Frontal Lobe

Which lobe of the brain maintainslong-term memory?

Temporal Lobe

Which lobe of the brain is posteriorto the central sulcus?

Parietal Lobe

Which lobe of the brain is inferior to the lateral sulcus?


Temporal Lobe

The cerebral cortex is composed of what type of matter andwhere is it located in respect to the cerebrum?


Gray matter; Located in superior of the cerebrum.

Which lobe of the brain contains the primary sensory cortex?


Parietal Lobe

What is another name for basal nuclei? Where is it located inrespect to the cerebrum? What is it composed of?


Ganglia; superior of cerebrum; grey matter

What part(s) of the brain control the pace of respiration?


pons & medulla oblongata

What part(s) of the brain is the relay point for allascending sensory information?


medulla oblongata

What part(s) of the brain contains the reticular formationand defines wakefulness?


midbrain

What part(s) of the brain contains the pineal gland, whichsecretes melatonin and regulates sleep?


epithalamus

What are the 4 parts of the basal nuclei?


Caudate nucleus, globus pallidus, putamen, and amygdaloid

What part(s) of the brain has subconscious control over rage,pleasure, pain and sexual arousal?


hypothalamus

What parts of the brain are included in the diencephalon?


epithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus

What part(s) of the brain makes conscious and unconsciousmovements smooth?


cerebellum

What part(s) of the brain adjust heart rate?


medulla oblongata

What is the most superior portion of the diencephalon?


epithalamus

What blood vessel exits the base of the aorta and bringsblood and oxygen to the cardiac muscle of the heart?


right & left coronary arteries

What veindrains into the right atrium?


Superior and Inferior Vena Cava

What do we call the contraction phase of the heart?


systole

List all the facts you can about white blood cells?


Part of immune system


Larger than RBC's


Don't always circulate in blood stream

How are platelets created?


In bone marrow by Megakaryocytes

Which chamber of the heart receives blood from the body?


right atrium

Which chamber of the heart pumps blood into the pulmonaryarteries?


right ventricle

Which chamber of the heart pumps blood into the aorta?


left ventricle

The superior vena cava receives blood from what parts of thebody?


head, neck, upper limbs, chest

What valve prevents backflow of blood from the right ventricleinto the right atrium?


right atrioventricular valve (AV)

What layer of the heart makes the heart beat (contract)?


myocardium

What formed element of blood is involved in your immunesystem?


white blood cells

What formed element of blood allows your blood to clot?


platelets

What pigment allows for the transport of oxygen by red bloodcells?


hemoglobin

List all the facts you can about red blood cells?


Transports O2 and CO2


makes up 99% of formed elements


no repair mechanisms

What tube runs alongside the esophagus just below the larynx?


trachea

What is the difference between bronchi and bronchioles?


Bronchioles are the branches of Bronchi which are the main branches off of the esophagus

What do we call the first 2 branches that go into the leftand right lungs?


Primary and Secondary

What parts of the respiratory system do not contain mucosabut instead contain macrophages to clean dust and debris?


alveoli

How many lobes do the left and right lungs have?


right: 3 Left: 2

What happens when the diaphragm contracts?

It flattens, increasing thoratic cavity volume and expanding the lungs.

What do we call the amount of air moved into and out of thelungs during a normal respiratory cycle?


tidal volume

What is included in vital capacity?


tidal volume, inspiratory & expiratory reserve volume.

What do we call the amount of air that always remains in thelungs?


residual volume

What part of the upper respiratory system is shared by boththe respiratory and digestive systems?


pharynx

What do we call the narrow opening in the larynx where air travelsthrough to the trachea?


glottis

What part of the upper respiratory system is elevated whenfood or liquid is swallowed?


larynx

What covers the narrow opening for air into the trachea whenswallowing?


epiglottis

What segment of the small intestine carries out the bulk ofchemical digestion and nutrient absorption?


Jejunum

What segment of the small intestine releases four hormonescritical to coordinating secretory activities of the digestive system?


duodenum

What hormone is released in both the duodenum and thestomach?


gastrin

What hormone is released when the pH falls in the duodenum(meaning HCl content is high)?


secretin

What duct transports bile just from the liver?


hepatic duct

Which two ducts share a passageway into the duodenum?


pancreatic duct and common bile duct.

What sphincter opens into the duodenum?


pyloric spinchter

What sphincter regulates the flow of material into the largeintestine?


illeocecal valve

What are the 3 functions of the large intestine?

reabsorption of water and compaction of intestinal contents into feces


absorption of vitamins


storage of fecal matter

What does the pyloric sphincter do?


regulate flow of chyme between stomach & small intestine

What 2 ducts join to become the common bile duct?


cystic duct and common hepatic duct

What enzyme from the pancreas breaks down sugars andstarches?


carbohydrases

What enzyme from the pancreas breaks down fats?


lipases

What are the 3 functions of the liver?


regulate composition of circulating blood, remove aged or damaged RBC's, synthesize bile

What are the 5 components of bile?


water, ions, bilirubin, cholesterol, and bile salts

What organic nutrient is the easiest to break down and absorbin the small intestine?


carbohydrates

Seat of concentration, planning & abstract thought

Prefrontal Cortex