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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The collection of data about an individual's health state
Biomedical model
the Western European / North American traditional view of health. Which is the absence of disease.
Complete database
a complete health history and full physical exam
Critical thinking
simultaneously problem solving while self-improving one's own thinking ability.
Diagnostic reasoning
a method of collecting and analyzing critical information with the following components: (1) attending to initially available cues (2) formulating diagnostic hypothesis (3) gathering data relative to the tentative hypothesis (4) evaluating each hypothesis with new data collected (5) arriving at final Dx
Emergency Database
rapid collection of the database, often compiled concurrently with life saving measures
the total of all the conditions and elements that make up the surroundings and influence the development of a person
Episodic Database
one used for a limited or short-term problems; concerns mainly one problem, one cue complex, or one body system
Follow-up Database
used in all settings to monitor progress on short-term or chronic health problems
Holistic Health
the view that the mind, body and spirit are interdependent and function as a whole within the environment
Medical Dx
used to evaluate the cause and etiology of disease; focus is on the function or malfunction of a specific organ system
Nursing Dx
used to evaluate the response of the whole person to actual or potential health problems
Objective Data
what you observe by inspecting, palpating, percussing, and auscultating during the physical exam
any action directed toward promoting health and preventing the occurrence of disease
Subjective Data
what the person (patient/client) says about him or herself during history taking
a dynamic process and view of health; a move toward optimal functioning
Nursing Process
assessment, diagnosis, outcome identification, planning, implementation, evaluation
Cultural Care Nursing
Professional nursing that is culturally sensitive, appropriate, and compenent
Nonphysical attributes of a person- the thoughts, communications, actions, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups.
Culture-bound System
A condition that is culturally defined
A social group within the social system that claims to posses variable traits such as a common geographic origin, migratory status, and religion
Tendency to view ones own way of life as the most desirable, acceptable, or best and to act superior to another cultures way of life.
Folk Healer
Lay healer in the person's culture apart from the biomedical health care system.
The balance/imbalance of the person, both within one's being; physical, mental, and or spiritual
Heritage consistency
The degree to which a persons lifestyle reflects his or her traditional heritage, whether it is Native American, European, Asian, African or Hisoanic
The belief in a divine or superhuman power or powers to e obeyed and worshiped as the creator(s) and ruler(s) of the universe; and a system of beliefs, practices and ethical views
The process of being raised within a culture and acquiring the characteristics of that group
A desirable or undesirable state of affairs, and a universal feature of all cultures
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Federal law that states that people with limited english proficiency can not have health care denied to them
imagining that inanimate objects come alive and have human characteristics
Avoidance language
the use of euphemisms to avoid reality or hide feelings
examiners response used when the pt. word choice is ambiguous or confusing
response in which the examiner gives honest feedback about what he or she has seen or felt after observing a certain pt. action, feeling, or statement (does not mean they argue or fight, its used in a positive way)
the use of impersonal speech to put space b/t the self and a threat
the tendency to view your own way of life as the most desirable, acceptable, or best and to act in a superior manner to another's culture
viewing the world from the other person's inner frame or reference while remaining yourself
examiner's response that encourages the pt. to say more, to continue with the story
Nonverbal communication
message conveyed through body language
meeting b/t examiner and pt. with the goal of gathering a complete health history
examiners response that echoes the pt. words
final review of what the examiner understands the pt. has said; condenses facts and presents a survey of how the examiner perceives the health problem or need
the process of adapting to acquiring another culture
the process by which a person develops a new cultural identity and become like the members of the dominant culture
Yin/Yang Theory
Health is achieved when all aspects of a persons life is in perfect balance. Foods are classified as hot and cold and transformed into yin and yang when metabolized.
Hot/Cold Theory
Body has 4 humors - blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. Treatment of disease consists of adding or subtracting cold, heat, dryness, or wetness to restore the balance of the humors.
World is seen as an arena in which supernatural forces dominate.
10 Traps of Interviewing
1. False reassurance
2.Giving unwanted advice
3.Using authority
4.Using avoidance language
5.Engaging in distancing
6. Using professional jargon
7. Using leading or biased questions
8. Talking too much
9. Interrupting
10. Using "Why" Q's