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11 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How to take a good photo (Elements and Principles of Art)
You have to respect the elements of art: line, shape, space, color, texture, value, form and the principles of art: contrast, unity, balance, emphasis, repetition, proportion, movement
How to use the camera
Check the aperture, check the shutter speed, check the focus and take photo

The aperture is the size of the opening in the lens through which light is allowed to pass when the shutter is opened – the larger the aperture, the more light passes through.

The aperture is measured in ‘f-stops’ .A larger aperture has a smaller f-number and a smaller aperture has a larger f-number (e.g. f/22). Each time you change the f-stop, the light meter needs to be checked because the needle needs to fall near the center.


The shutter speed, measured in seconds, is the amount of time the shutter stays open when taking a photograph. The longer the shutter stays open, the more light passes through to the sensor to be captured.

There's a ring on the lens that needs to be rotated to make the subject comes into focus.

How to load film into a camera

Open the back of your (SLR) camera by lifting the top of the film rewind dial. Insert the film into the left side of the camera back. Once inserted, push the film rewind dial down to lock the film canister into place.Pull a small amount of film across the camera back, and insert the film leader into a slot on the film take-up reel. When the film is in place of the take-up reel, advance the film using the film advance lever.

How to unload film from a camera
Push the film release button on your camera, then begin winding the rewind knob clockwise for several seconds until you feel the film completely draw up into the canister Once you are sure the roll is completely rewound pull up on the rewind knob to open the back of the camera and access your film canister.
How to process negatives
The basic process consists of loading the film into the tank pouring developer into the tank, agitating the tank for 15 seconds of every minute for 12 minutes, emptying the developer, pouring in the stop bath and agitating the tank for 30 seconds, emptying that, pouring in the fixer, agitating the tank for 15 seconds of every minute for 3 minutes, emptying that and rinsing the now developed film
How to make a good quality print from your negatives
You place the film in the negative holder that can be found in the enlarger then, you focus the image on a dummy piece of paper. Once the image is focused you cut up strips of paper and use these as test strips. That will show you different times of exposure, and then you can develop and view the test strip in full light to judge what the correct exposure should be and later expose your paper.
Chemicals, times, processes

Developer, 1 minute

Stop bath, 30 seconds

Fixer, 1 minute

Always wear apron in the darkroom and wear gloves when making chemicals
Names of equipment and the things you use, and their purpose
Film reel, developing tank, enlarger, easel, black bag