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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Explain Locke's distinction between between primary and secondary qualities? Give examples of both.

Primary qualities can be measured.

Secondary qualities come from senses.

Primary- weight and length

Secondary- color, smell and sound

For Berkeley, what does it mean to say that an idea "exists"? What does it mean to say the same of a sensible thing?

An idea exists if you perceive it. A sensible thing is the same thing, he makes no distinction between an idea existing and a sensible thing, it’s all simply an idea.

Why does Berkeley think that some of the ideas i have must be caused by something other than me?

He thinks that god is the one perceiving things intoexistence. So if you were you leave a room, the object will still be therebecause god is perceiving it.

Explain Hume's distinction between "ideas" and "impressions".

impressions are vivid, forceful, and direct experiencesand ideas are the faint memories of an impression.

Why does Hume think that it is not through some argument, or some process of deductive reasoning, the we came to believe that the past will resemble the future?

A psychological necessity and custom of habit. (The past andfuture do not always have to be linked together)

According to Hume, what is the difference between continued existence and distinct existence.

continued is same object persists over time even if it’snot being perceived. Distinct is objects are completely independent of ourexistence. Difference between the two are continued is based on us and distinctis dependent on the object that is external to us.

What does Hume mean when he says that "all perceptions are the same in the matter of their existence"? Whats his argument for this claim.

All knowledge originates with experience and all experience of ones own perceptions. We have direct knowledge only of perceptions, not of what the perceptions are of, for the perception stands between perceiving mind and its supposed real-world objects.

As Salmon conceives of it, what is the problem of induction?

it’s only ageneralization and does not account of unobserved population

Why do Salmon and Hume both think that an inductive justification of inductive reason is bound to fail?

inductive reasoning is circular (the past will resemblefuture because the past has always resembled the future but we cannot assume itwas always be the same in the future)