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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

What are the symtoms of opioid OD that separate it from benzo OD?

Pinpoint pupils


Histamine release


↓Uterine contractility


Constipation


Urinary retention

What drugs can be used to treat EtOH dependence?

Clonidine/Propranolol


Lorazepam/Benzos


Disulfiram

What can be used to treat benzo dependence?

Flumazenil

What can be used to treat nicotine dependence?

Bupropion


Clonidine

What can be used to treat opiate dependence?

Methadone


Buprenorphine (initial)


Buprenorphine + Naloxone (Maintenance)

How to treat ethylene glycol or methanol OD.

Fomepizole acutely to inhibit ADH.




Ethylene Glycol: Give Pyridoxine + Thiamine IV




Methanol: Give Leucorvorin





what are the symptoms and treatment of an organophosphate overdose.

DUMBBELSS


diarrhea,urination, miosis, bradycardia, bronchoconstriction, excitation (as of musclein the form of fasciculations and CNS), lacrimation, salivation, and sweating(only sympathetic innervation using muscarinic receptors)




Atropine + Parlidoxime to treat

Symptoms and treatment of anticholinergic toxicity. (Benztropine, antihistamines, meperidine)

HTN


Tachy


Fever


Dry mouth


Urinary retention


Hallucination


Confusion




Physostigmine to inhibit ACh degradation.

How to treat lead poisoning

Benzos for seizures


Corticosteroids and mannitol for ICP




Chelation with EDTA and dimecaprol

Toxicity of what results in rice water stools and garlic breath?

Arsenic