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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
__________ are male sex hormones secreted by the testes in men the ovaries of women, an the adrenal cortex of both sexes.
Like the female sex hormones the naturally occurring male sex hormones are steroids synthesized from__________
The androgens produced by the ovaries have little androgenic activity and are used mainly as precursor substances of the production of naturally occurring _____________
The adrenal glands produce several androgens including ____ and dhyroepiandrosterone DHEA
__________ is normally the only important male sex hormone.
Given to women to antagonize or reduce the effects of female sex hormones.
Male sex hormones
Synthetic drug with weak androgenic activity
Extensively metabolized in its first pass through the liver
Oral testosterone
Given my injection because they are metabolized rapidly by the liver if given orally.
Naturally occurring androgens
Drugs with slow onsets of action and lasting 2 to 4 weeks
Intramuscular IM testosterone cypionate and testosterone enanthate
What is the function of testosterone as it relates to the male?
The main function of testosterone are related to the development of male sexual characteristics reproduction and metabolism.
Describe the function of anabolic steroids.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic drugs with increased anabolic activity and decreased androgenic activity compared with testosterone. They were developed during attempts to modify testosterone so that its tissue building and growth stimulating effects could be retained while its masculinizing effects could be eliminated or reduced.
What are the negative effects of anabolic steroids when used by adolescents?
Anabolic steroids can stop bone growth and damage the heart kidneys and liver of adolescents.
Identify the liver disorder related to anabolic steroid use.
Liver disorder include benign and malignant neoplasms cholestatic hepatitis and jaundice and peliosis hepatitis a disorder in which blood filled cysts develop in the liver and may lead to hemorrhage or liver failure.
Michael Smith age 6, is prescribed androgens for a diagnosed deficiency. You arrange for x rays every 6 months because androgens may cause what to happen?
Premature epiphyseal closure
Androstenedione and DHEA, androgens produced by the ______________ are also available as over the counter dietary supplements.
Adrenal cortex
Because of their abuse protential androgens and anabolic steroids are classified as what type of substances?
Schedule III controlled substances
Androgens and anabolic steroids are used to enhance anthletic performance and are termed ergogenic. What are the effects they have?
They cause a decrease in musculature and increase in muscle mass.
The main functions of testosterone are related to the development of male sexual characteristics reproduction and what other functions?