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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


An investment in the ownership of a corporation, usually represented by shares of the business.


Company earnings distributed to shareholders, usually in the form of money or stock.

Capital Gain

The profit from the sale of assets such as stocks, bonds, or real estate.

Common Stock

A stock whose owner has voting rights and receives dividends based on company profits, paid out after preferred stockholders receive their dividends.

Preferred Stock

A stock whose owner has no voting rights, but receives a fixed dividend, paid before common stockholders receive their dividends.

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

The world's largest stock market in terms of dollar volume.


The largest U.S. stock market in terms of number of companies listed and number of shares traded per day. All are traded electronically through a network of computers.

Blue-Chip Stocks

Safe investments in the ownership of large, respected, and well-established companies.

Dow Jones Industrial Average

A daily average of the stock prices of thirty of the largest and richest blue-chip companies in the United States, used to measure changes in stock market activity.

Bull Market

A condition that exists when investors are optimistic about the economy and the market goes up.

Bear Market

A condition that exists when investors are pessimistic about the economy and the market goes down.

S & P 500 Index

An indicator of overall stock market performance based on the average stock prices of 500 top U.S. companies, compiled by Standard & Poor's.

Fortune 500

A list of the 500 U.S. companies with the highest earnings. It is published yearly by 'Fortune Magazine'.


Contracts to buy or sell a specific commodity or financial instrument at a set price on a set date in the future.


The bulk items such as grains, metals, and food that are bought and sold on a commodities exchange.


Contracts that give the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a stock or commodity at a set price on or before a specified date.

Penny Stocks

High risk stocks that typically sell for less than $1 per share when they are first offered.


A promise to pay a certain amount on a certain date, issued by a corporation or government for the purpose of borrowing money.

Mutual Fund

An investment in which people pool their money to buy stocks, bonds, real estate, or other assets selected by professional managers.

No-Load Funds

Mutual funds that do not require an up-front fee.

Load Funds

Mutual Funds that charge a commission every time shares are bought or sold.

Real Estate

Land, and any houses or other buildings that are on the land.


Items that appeal to collectors and investors, including stamps, art, antiques, and sports memorabilia.


A retirement plan that is funded at least in part by an employer.


Being eligible to receive a pension or other employer contributed benefits, usually after working at a company for a certain number of years.

Profit-Sharing Plan

A retirement plan that allows employees to share in the company's profits.

Stock-Bonus Plan

A type of profit-sharing plan in which the employer rewards employees with company stock instead of cash.

401(k) Plan

A tax-deferred retirement plan funded by regular contributions from the employee.

403(b) Plan

A tax-deferred retirement plan for employees of public schools and tax-exempt organizations.

Individual Retirement Account (IRA)

A personal retirement plan that permits individuals to set aside money. The contributions and earnings are not taxed until the fund is withdrawn.

Roth IRA

A personal retirement plan in which the original contributions are not tax-deductible, but the earnings are tax-free.

Simplified Employee Pension (SEP-IRA)

A tax-deferred retirement plan for small businesses and self-employed people, in which the employer makes contributions directly to employee IRA accounts.


A person who works for a brokerage firm and who buys and sells stocks, bonds, and securities for clients.

Financial Adviser

A person with the knowledge to give financial advice based on the client's goals, income, debts, and assets, stage in life, and other personal factors.

Annual Report

A detailed report about the financial condition of a company, published each year.