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15 Cards in this Set

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Causes of public decline of trust in government

Public confidence and trust in government declined in the 1970s in the wake of economic challenges, political scandals, foreign policy "failures," and a sense of social and moral decay.

Sources of opposition to liberal trends

The rapid and substantial growth of evangelical and fundamentalist Christian churches and organizations, as well as increased political participation by some of those groups, encouraged significant opposition to liberal social and political trends.

Conservative victories and losses

Conservatives enjoyed significant victories related to taxation and deregulation of many industries, but many conservative efforts to advance moral ideals through politics met inertia and opposition.

Reasons for government expansion after 1980

Although Republicans continued to denounce "big government," the size and scope of the federal government continued to grow after 1980, as many programs remained popular with voters and difficult to reform or eliminate.

Reagan's and Gorbachev's arms reduction

President Ronald Reagan, who initially rejected détente with increased defense spending, military action, and bellicose rhetoric, later developed a friendly relationship with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, leading to significant arms reductions by both countries.

Ideological impact of end of Cold War

The end of the Cold War led not only to new diplomatic relationships but also to new U.S. military and peacekeeping interventions as well as debates over the nature and extent of American power in the world.

Effects of World Trade Center bombing

In the wake of attacks on the World Trade Center and thePentagon, U.S. decision-makers launched foreign policy and military efforts against terrorism and lengthy, controversial conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Questions concerning War on Terror

The war on terrorism sought to improve security within the United States but also raised questions about the protection of civil liberties and human rights.

Reasons for increased economic inequality

Economic inequality increased after 1980 as U.S. manufacturing jobs were eliminated, union membership declined, and real wages stagnated for the middle class.

Sources of policy debates in 21st century

Policy debates intensified over free trade agreements, the size and scope of the government social safety net, and calls to reform the U.S. financial system

Causes of environmental concerns in 21st century

Conflict in the Middle East and concerns about climate change led to debates over U.S. dependence on fossil fuels and the impact of economic consumption on the environment.


Effects of the spread of computer technology

The spread of computer technology and the Internet into daily life increased access to information and led to new social behaviors and networks.

Causes and effects of migration to Southern and Western US

After 1980, the political, economic, and cultural influences of the Western and Southern areas of America

Effects of new immigrants

The new migrants affected U.S. culture in many ways and supplied the economy with an important labor force

Debates caused by demographic changes

Demographic changes intensified debates about gender roles, family structures, and racial and national identities