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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Characteristics of US foreign policy post WWII

collective security, multilateral economic framework which bolstered non-Communist nations

Methods of communist containment

military engagements in Korea and Vietnam

Foreign involvement fluctuations during Cold War

between periods of direct and indirectmilitary confrontation and periods of mutual coexistence (detente)

Alliances during Cold War

Asia, Africa, and Middle East, many alliances remained nonaligned

Effects of Cold War competition in Latin America

U.S. supported non-Communist regimes with varying levels of commitment to democracy.

Causes and Effects of US involvement in Middle East

Ideological, military, and economic concerns shaped U.S. involvement in the Middle East, several oil crises in the region sparking attempts at creating a national energy policy

Debated policies to root out communists within US

debates over the power of thefederal government, acceptable means for pursuing international anddomestic goals, and the proper balance between liberty and order.

Causes of Anti-War movements in US

Korean conflict produced minor opposition, Vietnam War created the rise of antiwar protests that became more as war escalated

Debates concerning Foreign and military involvment

debated the merits of a large nuclear arsenal, the "military-industrial complex," and the appropriate power of the executive branch in conducting foreign and military policy.

Strategies used to combat racial discrimination

legal challenges, direct action, and nonviolent protesttactics

Methods to promote greater racial justice

Brown v. Board of Education, and the Civil Rights Act of1964

Effects of white resistance to desegregation

sparking a series of social and political crises across the nation,while tensions among civil rights activists over tactical and philosophical issues increased after 1965.

Equality for other groups besides African Americans

Stirred by a growing awareness of inequalities in American society andby the African American civil rights movement, activists also addressed issues of identity and social justice, such as gender/sexuality and ethnicity.

Causes and effects of movement to address poverty

advocates raised awareness of the prevalence and persistence ofpoverty as a national problem, sparking efforts to address this issue.

Lyndon Johnson's Great Society

efforts to use federal power to end racial discrimination,eliminate poverty, and address other social issues while attacking communism abroad.

Unintentional consequences of the realization of liberal ideals

helped energize a newconservative movement that mobilized to defend traditional visions of morality and the proper role of state authority.

arguments against liberal results

Groups on the left also assailed liberals, claiming they did toolittle to transform the racial and economic status quo at home and pursued immoral policies abroad.

Effects of federal spending, baby boom, and technological development

developments helped spur economicgrowth, middle-class suburbanization, social mobility, a rapid expansion of higher education, and the rise of the “Sun Belt” as a political and economic force.

Causes of challenges to conformity by artists and youth

These economic and social changes, in addition to the anxietyengendered by the Cold War, led to an increasingly homogeneous mass culture

Conservative approach to non-conformity

challenges to the traditional family, increasingly promoted their own values and ideology.

Effects of economic boom on immigration

sought access to the economic boom and other benefits of theUnited States, especially after the passage of new immigration laws in 1965.

Response to the abuse of natural resources

problems, activists and legislators began to call forconservation measures and a fight against pollution.

Family structure of Americans after WWII

undergoing profound changes as well as the number of working women increased and many social attitudes changed

Counterculture movement of 1960s

Young people who participated in the counterculture of the 1960s rejected many of the social, economic,and political values of their parents generation

Conservatives v. liberals

Conservatives and liberals clashed over many new social issues