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42 Cards in this Set

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Non specific


Can be a response to any invading pathogen

Innate

Existing from birth

Immune

A response to pathogens by the body in order to combat the effects of the pathogen.

What are non specific responses

-Resident 'flora'


-Anatomical barriers


-Secretory molecules


-Cellular components


What are non specific responses

-Resident 'flora'


-Anatomical barriers


-Secretory molecules


-Cellular components


What is resident flora ?

Flora consists of micro-organisms that do not cause illness.

What are the functions of flora ?

-To inhibit the growth of non-resident bacteria and fungi.



-To maintain the balance between the colonising microorganisms.

What are the anatomical barriers ?

-Skin


-Scabs


-Mucous Membranes


-Stomach Acid , HCL


-Tears and Saliva


-Hair , head , nasal and eyelashes


-Cilia in respiratory tract

What contributions to scabbing ?

-Platelets


-Vitamin K


-Air


-Blood proteins

What contributions to scabbing ?

-Platelets


-Vitamin K


-Air


-Blood proteins

How many blood proteins are there ?

13

Tears , saliva and nasal secretions contain what to breakdown substances?

Lysozyme and phospholipase

What are humoral barriers ?

The elements in the blood or other body fluids.

What are humoral barriers ?

The elements in the blood or other body fluids.

What do the humoral barriers mainly involve ?

Inflammation


What are humoral barriers ?

The elements in the blood or other body fluids.

What do the humoral barriers mainly involve ?

Inflammation


What are the cardinal signs of inflammation ?

-Redness


-Swelling


-Heat


-Pain


-Loss of function

What is the Latin name for redness ?

Rubor

What is the Latin name for redness ?

Rubor

What is the Latin name for swelling ?

Tumor

What is the Latin name for heat ?

Calour

What is the Latin name for redness ?

Rubor

What is the Latin name for swelling ?

Tumor

What is the Latin name for heat ?

Calour

What is the Latin name for pain?

Dolor

What is the Latin name for redness ?

Rubor

What is the Latin name for swelling ?

Tumor

What is the Latin name for heat ?

Calour

What is the Latin name for pain?

Dolor

What is the Latin name for loss of function?

Functio Laesa

What protein acts against certain bacteria ?

Beta-lysin

What are the Two types of white blood cell ?

Phagocytes

What are the Two types of white blood cell ?

Phagocytes and lymphocytes

What are phagocytes?

White blood cells that destroy bacteria by eating it

What are the Two types of white blood cell ?

Phagocytes and lymphocytes

What are phagocytes?

White blood cells that destroy bacteria by eating it

What are neutrophils?

They are sent to the site of infection where they phagocytose invading organisms.

What is the function of macrophages ?

To kill infected or altered cells



Help tissue repair



Act as antigen presenting cells

Natural killer cells

Kill non specifically virus infected and Tumor cells

Natural killer cells

Kill non specifically virus infected and Tumor cells

Esoinophils

Proteins in granules that are effective in killing certain parasites