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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

The international association for the study of pain defines pain as?

An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tisue damage, or described in terms of damage

Pain experience explain (3)

Pain is unique and is reported subjectively

Influenced by a number of variables such as past experiences, hormones, anxiety, and stress levels

Avoidance of pain is a strong, innate trait

Pain is what time of response (3)

Protective Response (linked to behavior)

Physiological reaction to the enviroment

Rapid, reflextive, and subconscious

Describe pain threshold

The point at which a stimulus first produces a sensation of pain

Describe pain tolerance

An individual's reaction to pain stimuli

Indicates amount of pain individual is willing or able to endure

What are the two different types of pain duration

Acute pain

Chronic pain

Describe acute pain

A few seconds to no more than 6 months

Describe chronic pain

Persists for more than 6 months with or without an identifiable cause

What are sensory receptors

Detect a variety of stimuli then relay to the CNS for interpretation

What are Nociceptors

Sensory receptors that detect injury

What are the different pain classifications (3)

Nociceptive pain

Neuropathic pain

Pain disorders associated with psychogenic factors

Describe Nociceptive pain

Caused by injury or disease in body tissues

Describe neuropathic pain

Caused by nerve injury or dysfunction of the sensory nerves in the central or peripheral nervous system

Describe pain disorders associated with psychogenic factors

Related to mental or emotional problems that affect the experience of pain

What is the most common type of pain in the dental office

Nociceptive pain

Describe the sympathetic nervous system and pain

In response to pain, CNS activate the sympathetic nervous system

The sympathetic nervous system stimulates the adrenal medulla resulting in the release of norepinephrine and epinephrine

Neurotransmitters mediate so-called fight-flght mechanisms

Both physiologicaland psychological factors contribute todifficulties related to treatment§Some avoid dental treatment due to theirfears



What does PREP stand for




Describe prepare in PREP

By utilizing relaxtion techniques such as deep breathing, distractions such as music or visualization, and muscle relaxation

Describe rehearse in PREP

Procedures allowing patients to practice control and self- calming techniques

Describe Empower in PREP

stragies that give them control during procedures such as raising a hand to ask the clinician to stop

Describe PRAISE in PREP

give patients praise for using specific coping techniques that are helpful to them