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18 Cards in this Set

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Deadly 4

Fall, Struck By, Caught In/Between, Electrocution
The top 4 causes of death in construction
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSH Act of 1970 (Nixon)
"It's mission is to help employees reduce on the job injuries, illnesses and deaths"
Wet Location/Dry Location
Wet: can be exposed to rain/water
Dry: Not exposed to water, but in a wet environment (such as and open porch)
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
Personal Protective Equipment
This includes Eye and Face Protection, Foot and Leg Protection, Hand and Arm Protection, Head Protection, and Hearing Protection
Assured Equipment-Grounding Conductor Program
Personal Fall Arrest System
A trench or excavation can be protected by...
Sloping (cutting back the trench wall at an angle inclined away from the excavation not steeper than designated according to the sloping requirements for the type of soil), Shoring, Benching (making steps), or Trench Shield Systems (such as a trench box)
4 things
To prevent hazards a worker must...
Identify common hazards
Describe types of hazards
Protect themselves from hazards
Recognize employer requirements to protect workers from hazards
4 steps, each applying to the "Deadly 4" hazards
OSHA employs the following strategies...
Enforcement-making sure OSHA Regulations are followed
Assistance-outreach and training to employers and employees
Cooperation-partnerships and alliances through voluntary programs
The way things are designed to assist human interaction (also called human factors)
Like the way a chair may be designed to help a person fit in it better, or the way a drill gun's handle is shaped so a hand can easily grip and fit around it
Lockout Tagout
A system to protect workers from the accidental exposure to energy sources (or other dangerous equipment)
Like a latch you must push in before opening an electrical box
Material Safety Data Sheets
Hazard Information Bulletin
MSDS: An information sheet that provides details of hazards associated with a given chemical and describes proper procedure for its safe use and handling
Elements of a fire; Class Fires
Oxygen, heat, fuel; Class A: Paper, wood, ect. (A- makes Ash)
Class B: Flammable liquids, oils, ect.
Class C: Electrical fires (C-computers)
Class D: Flammable metals, such as magnesium, aluminum, iron, ect.
Class K: Kitchen fires
Fire Extinguishers must be placed on construction sites not more than 100ft. from any given point; there should be at least one extinguisher present for every 3,000 sq. ft. of floor space
American National Standards Institute (1920s)
National Institute for Safety and Health
TERMS: PVC/Egress/2-3 Foot Rule/Spreader Bars or Spreaders
Polyvinyl chloride/Means of exit or escape/Stand about an arm's length away from your coworker, if you have to raise your voice to be heard 2-3 ft away, you should assume that the sound level is at or above 85 dBA [decibels] (this is the OSHA recommended level to keep workplace noises below for an 8-hour time-weighted average)/The bars that lock a ladder into place
Blacklisting-Such as a boss telling others not to hire you.
Any worker who files a complaint with OSHA because they feel their safety rights have been enfringed upon (They may have refused to operate a piece of machinery that they deemed unfit to be used, and their employer mistreated them [withheld wages, fired them] due to that)
This is a protected right by OSHA, and you can remain anonymous
Must be equipped with guardrails, midrails, and toeboards. (4 ft min. height nessesary for guardrails, anywhere)
Must be at least 10 ft. from power lines.
Scaffold planks must be cleated or secured, or extend over the end supports by at least 6 in, but no more than 12 in.
Ladder Types (By Load)
1AA-Special Duty: 375 lbs.
1A-Extra Heavy Duty: 300 lbs.
1-Heavy Duty: 250 lbs.
II-Medium Duty: 225 lbs.
III-Light Duty: 200 lbs.