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13 Cards in this Set

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What is the definition of an acid?
Give an example


A proton donor


HCl - Hydrochloric Acid


What is the definition of a base?


Give an example

A proton acceptor


NaOH - Sodium Hydroxide

What is the definition of a covalent bond?


Give an example

A bond formed between non-metal atoms by sharing a pair of electrons


NaCl - Sodium Chloride

What is the definition of electronegativity

The ability of an atom to attract the bonding electrons in a covalent bond

What is the definition of an electrophile?

An electron-pair acceptor

What is the definition of empirical formula?

The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound

What is the definition of a hydrocarbon?


Give an example

A compound that consists of only hydrogen and carbon

What is the definition of molecular formula?

A formula that shows the number of atoms of each element in a molecule, but not their structural arrangement

What is the definition of a nucleophile?

An electron pair donor

What is a free radical?


Give an example

A species with an unpaired electron


Cl'

What is a stereoisomer?


Give an example.

A molecule that has the same structural formula (as another molecule) but has a different arrangement of atoms in space

What is the definition of a structural isomer?

A compound with the same molecular formula, but differs in structure

What is the definition of an unsaturated compound?


Give an example

An unsaturated compound is a hydrocarbon with one or more carbon-carbon double bonds