• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why was it introduced?

- Government concerned about country's rapidly growing population

- About it leading to shortages of food, and other problems

When was it introduced?

- Introduced in 1979

-Government provided free family planning/birth control

-If you live in rural area, allowed more than 1 child

How was it enforced?

-Age limits and certificates reducing mariage

-Women encouraged to be sterilised after having 1st child

What happens if you break the policy?

-If have more than 1 child, parents penalised e.g. money fines, livestock taken, rice rationing

-Benefits taken away if break policy

Positive Effect; Social

-Birth rates halved since 1979

-Populations growth rate been successfully reduced

-Country predicts it has prevented 3-4 hundred million births with the policy

-Focus on Chinas population helps provide better health care services for women, and reductions in the risks of death and injuries associated with pregnancy

Positive Effects; Economic

-Families who only have one child get certificates and rewards, e.g. bonuses on annual salary, extra pay increases standard of living

-Higher savings rates, Chinese families spending less resources, time and money on children, so they have more money to invest

Negative Effects; Social

- Couples want boys to keep the family name and earn more through work, and stay at home

-GENDER IMBALANCE; couples having girls often terminate pregnancies

-Increased orphan numbers as couples abandon girls in favour of boys

-Women often forced to be sterilised or have abortions which is against their human rights