Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/52

Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Hippocrates

Began the Hippocratic Oath

Hippocrates

Theory of four humours

Hippocrates

Wrote the Hippocratic Corpus

Asclepios

Greek healing God

Asclepios

Had temples called Asclepions

Asclepios

Sacred animal - snake

Asclepios

Treated patients at night

Galen

Was a doctor to gladiators

Galen
Appealed to Christians, had massive influence

Galen
Supported Hippocrates, believed in opposites

Galen

Only recorded successes

Paracelsus

Burnt Galen's books, called him a liar

Vesalius

Proved Galen wrong - no hole in heart

Vesalius

Fabric of the Human Body, had diagrams

Vesalius

Allowed to dissect bodies

Pare

Was barber/army surgeons

Pare

Invented ligatures and ointment

Harvey

Compared animals and humans

Harvey

Proved that blood circulates

Harvey

Unsuccessful blood transfusions, no real change

Jenner

Invented vaccinations - smallpox

Jenner

Tested on James Phepps (injection)

Pasteur

Proved there was germs in air

Pasteur

Vaccinated against chicken cholera, rabies and anthrax

Koch

Linked disease to microbes

Koch

Grew cultures and coloured microbes

Koch

Identified anthrax, TB and cholera

Simpson

Found chloroform as an anaesthetic

Lister

Started using hand wash

Lister

Antiseptic - used carbolic spray

Lister

Aseptic - used carbolic acid to clean equipment

Nightingale

Requested to be a nurse in CW

Nightingale

Reduced death rate in Crimea

Nightingale

Started training nurses

Seacole

Volunteered for CW but rejected

Seacole

Ran 'British Hotel' in CW

Ehrlich

Discovered chemicals as synthetic antibodies

Ehrlich

Salvarson 606 - cured syphilis

Domagk

Cured blood poisoning (streptococci)

Fleming

Accidentally discovered penicllin

Fleming

Couldn't take penicillin work further (WW1)

Florey

Knew penicillin could be used to treat war wounds

Florey

Pitched penicillin to USA

Florey

Couldn't mass produce penicillin himself

Chain

Helped Florey purify penicillin

Chain

Completed clinical trials with Florey

Chain

Won Nobel Prize with Florey and Fleming

Beveridge

Published the Beveridge Report

Beveridge

Helped introduce minimum wage

Bevan

Labour Minister for Health

Bevan

Introduced the NHS

Bevan

Introduced compulsory National Insurance