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16 Cards in this Set

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Irelynn





Spencer





Hydrothermal Vents

An area whereocean water where water sinks through cracks in the ocean floor, is heated bythe underlying magma, and rises again trough the cracks

Upwelling

An upward flow of cold water from the ocean depths

Nertic Zone

The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the continental shelf

Open Ocean Zone

The area of the ocean beyond the continental shelf



Plankton

Tiny algae and animals that float in the water and are carried by waves and currents



Nekton

Free-swimming animals that can move throught out the water colnum

Benthos

Organisms that live on the bottom of the ocean or other body of water

Inertial Zone

The area that stretches from the high tide line on land and out to the point of the continental shelf exposed at the lowest tide

Sonar

A system that uses sound waves to calculate the distance to an object

Aquaculture

The farming of salt water and freshwater organism

Estuary

A coastal inlet or bay where freshwater from rivers meets with salty ocean water

Surface Zone

Extends as far as sunlight reaches below the surface; it is the only part of the ocean that reciveves enough sunlight for the growth of alage

Deep Ocean Zone

Begins when the sunlight no longer reaches the water (at the end of the surface zone); it is dark and cold

Surface Currents

Is a large stream of moving water at the surface that flows through the ocean; mainly driven by winds

Biosphere

The part of the earths crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life