Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Sarah

Dent


Hydrothermal vents-an area where ocean water sinks through cracks in the ocean floor, is heated by the underlying magma, and rises again through the cracks.

Upwelling

An upward flow of cold water from the ocean depths

Open OceanZone
the area of the ocean beyond the edge of the continental shelf
Plankton
tiny algae and animals that float in water and are carried by waves and currents
Nekton
free-swimming animals that can move throughout the water column.
Benthos
organisms that live on the bottom of the ocean or other body of water
InertialZone
the area that stretches from the highest high-tide line on land out to the point on the continental shelf exposed by the lowest low tide

Sonar

a system that uses sound waves to calculate the distance to an object
Aquaculture
the farming of saltwater and freshwater organisms
Estuary
a costal inlet or bay where fresh water from rivers mixes with salty ocean water

SurfaceZone
extends as far as sunlight reaches below the surface; it is the only part of the open ocean that receives enough sunlight for the growth of algae.
Deep OceanZone
begins when the sunlight no longer reaches the water (at the end of the surface zone); it is dark and cold. 3�Q}s"�
SurfaceCurrents
is a large a stream of moving water at the surface that flows through the ocean; are mainly driven by winds
Biosphere

the part of the earth's crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life