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114 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Two micronutrients necessary for the healthy production of sperm are ___________ and zinc.
vit. B12, iodine, folate, iron
An infant born with a genetic disorder called __________ can't metabolize lactose and shouldn't be breast-fed.
galactosemia, eclampsia, macrosomia, anemia.
The moment when a sperm fertilizes an egg is called __________.
conception, gestation, implantation, fertilization.
During the second trimester, pregnant woman should consume an additional _______ calories.
820, 1500, 1280, 340.
Gestational ___________ can result in a large baby, a condition called macrosomia.
allergies, diabetes, hypertension, measles.
B or A
At what age does an infant reach the milestone of sitting up with support?
6-9 months
9-12 months, 0-3 months, 6-9 months, 12 months.
The least allergy-causing food is __________ cereal; it is a great first food for a child.
barley, rice, oats, wheat
Honey should not be fed to infants, due to the risk of __________.
giardiasis, listerosis, cretinism, botulism
Unlike a food allergy, a food intolerance does not involve the __________ system.
immune, vascular, nervous, epithelial
Which hormone directs the kidneys to reduce water loss from the body by reducing urine output?
antidiuretic hormone
antidiuretic hormone, parathyroid hormone, insulin, thyroid hormone
Which of the following does NOT contribute to water intake?
metabolism, breathing, food, beverages
A baby weighing less than ________ pounds is called a low birth weight baby.
5.5, 6.5, 6, 7
Certain fish contain __________ and should be avoided by pregnant women.
cadmium, lead, arsenic, methylmercury
Adequate intake of which nutrient has been shown to reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects?
folic acid or Mercury
vitamin c, Folic acid, vitamin D, mercury
How much alcohol per day is considered safe for a pregnant woman to consume?
4 oz., 8 oz., 6 oz., none
Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of
The recommended weight gain during pregnancy for a woman with a normal BMI is
25 to 35 pounds
What is macrosomia?
a large baby, weighing more than 8 pounds.
A woman should be tested for gestational diabetes
During the second trimester
If a person weighs less after an activity than before, the weight change is due to loss of _________.
glycogen, fat, water, muscle
Rapid weight loss during the first week of low-carbohydrate dieting is due to the loss of water and __________.
ketones, muscle, glycogen, fat
Whole milk should not be given to an infant until after
1 year
Which food should NOT be given to infants, due to the possibility of botulism?
Symptoms of a food allergy can include
All of these answers are correct
Hives, diarrhea, vomiting, all of these answers correct.
The following foods are the most common sources of food allergens EXCEPT
The American...
6 months
Young children need the mineral __________ to build healthy bones.
Inadequate intakes of calcium and vitamin D during adolescence can increase the risk of ________ in later life.
The movement of water across the cell membrane is called
Dehydration can occur if too much water as well as _________, a critical mineral, is depleted from the body.
________ that are important in fluid balance are called electrolytes.
Which of the following need to be adjusted in order to maintain a successful weight loss?
Jill weighs 150 pounds, but according to her BMI, she should weigh 110 pounds. Jill is classified as
obese or overweight
overweight, obese, normal weight, underweight
The most abundant mineral in your body is
The average healthy adult is approximately ________ percent water.
Which of the following may help reduce blood pressure?
losing excess weight
Which mineral may play a role in lowering high blood pressure?
All of these are correct
calcium, potassium, magnesium,
Two major electrolytes outside your cells and in your blood are
sodium and chloride
In the body, about two - thirds of which mineral is found in hemoglobin?
A goiter is a deficiency of which of the following?
Alcohol contains ________ calories per gram.
0, 4, 9, 7
Which of the following activities would be considered as vigorous physical activity?
Intrinsic factor, which is missing after gastric bypass surgery, is required for the absorption of
vitamin B12
b1, b3, b12, b6
Abnormal and potentially harmful eating behaviors that do not meet the criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa are called _______ eating.
One of the easiest ways to assess you are at a healthy weight is to
determine your BMI or Weigh yourself
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of binging and
depression or purging
Self starvation and severe weight loss characterize the eating disorder of
anorexia nervosa
Body mass index (BMI) is a calculation of your weight in relationship to your
The ______ is the amount of energy the body expends to meet its basic physiological needs.
(BMR) Basal metabolic rate
The fat located under the skin is called ______ fat
A hormone made in the stomach that increases hunger is
A man with a waist circumference of more than _____ inches is at higher risk fir certain diseases.
Which hormone is produced in fat tissue that helps regulate body fat by signaling the reduction of food intake in the brain?
What is lanugo?
Very fine, soft hair on the face and arms of people with anorexia nervosa
All of the following are diagnostic criteria of bulimia nervosa EXCEPT
excessive caloric restriction
David thinks he is overweight and calculated his BMI to be 20. David should interpret this value as his being
At a healthy weight
A BMI value of _______ is considered healthy.
Between 18.5 and 25
Which surgery involves stapling the majority of the stomach shut?
gastric bypass
The "Americanization" of many food cultures around the world is the cause of a growing problem with
The process of fertilization forms the
The female gonads are the
The average length of the menstrual cycle is
28 days
Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of potassium
Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in your body after calcium
Over consumption of calcium is the root cause of the development of kidney stones
Smokers absorb less calcium than non smokers
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disorder that severely reduces iron absorption
A BMI of 30 is considered healthy
What you eat after you exercise really is not very important
Oxytocin causes milk to be produced in the breast
Adolescence is the stage of the life cycle that occurs between age 6 and 21
Woman over age 50 need less dietary iron than they did in their younger years
Fiber is not important in a young child's diet
Soft drinks often replace milk in the adolescents diet
Iron deficiency is not a problem among male adolescents
Overconsumption of _____ can cause hyponatremia, which can be fatal
The B vitamins act as ________, helping numerous enzymes produce reactions in cells
Co enzymes
Vitamin C is also known as ______ acid
The B vitamins _______ and vitamin B12 are needed for healthy red blood cells
thiamin, folate, riboflavin, niacin
Excessive amounts of water soluble vitamins are excreted in
The B vitamin ______ plays a role in breaking down alcohol in the body.
The symptoms of _______ include dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea, and death
Ascorbic acid acts as a coenzyme and is essential for the production of ______
Which of the following does not contain phytochemicals?
grains, vegetables, seafood, fruits
Which of the following vitamins travels in a micelle along with bile and fatty acids?
Vitamin A
Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting?
Vitamin K
Carly and Adam have been married for three years and are beginning to think about having children. Which vitamin should Carly make sure she is getting enough of prior to conceiving, in order to reduce the risk of neural tube defects?
folic acid
Which vitamin has been shown to reduce the risk of colon, breast, and pancreatic cancers, as well as reduce the risk of birth defects?
folic acid
Which of the following is a vitamin D deficiency disease in children?
Which of the following vitamins can be synthesized by your body?
All of these are correct
Vitamin K, biotin, vitamin D, all of these are correct
Thiamin disease results in which condition?
Which is the best way to reduce your chances of catching a cold?
frequent hand-washing
Which of the following is NOT a antioxidant?
Naturally occurring vitamin B12 is found in which food?
oranges, eggs, cantaloupe, all of these answers are correct
Where is the inactive form of vitamin D converted to the active form?
in the liver than kidneys
Selenium is part of a class of proteins called selenoproteins, which can function as __________.
Free radicals, oxidizing agents, hormones, antioxidants
Which of the following is a major mineral?
In prolonged fasting, how long does it take for glycogen in your liver to be depleted?
2 to 3 days
Which of these can lower ones BMR.
caffeine, ephedrine, starvation, stress
The inorganic form of _________ is poisonous for humans.
How many calories does unsaturated fat provide?
9 calories per gram
Which activity burns the most calories per hour?
Endurance athletes are required to consume _____ grams of protein per kilogram body weight.
0.8 to 1.0
Where does the body store glycogen?
liver and muscles
A high ______ diet can prevent constipation.
Fiber, iron, calcium, fat
Lack of adequate fluid intake can lead to _______ in older adults.
The mineral _________ is important for a healthy immune system.
A toddler is defined as being
1 to 3 years old
The synthetic pesticides referred to as ________________ destroy pests by attacking their nervous system.