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16 Cards in this Set

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What are carbohydrates

Group of foods containing hydrogen, carbon and oxygen


The same proportion found in water


What are carbohydrates converted into

Glucose


Excess glucose is tired at glycerol

What are the 3 types of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides


Diaccharides


Polysaccharides



What does each carbohydrate do


Monosaccharides- simplest form of carbohydrates= glucose



Diaccharides- sugars when 2 join together with the removal of 1 water molecule


Polysaccharides- many monosaccharides joined together

Describe fat

A group of food containing hydrogen carbon and oxygen


Used as an energy source during rest and low intensity

What makes up a fat

3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol molecule = TRIGLYCERIDE


2 fatty acids=


1 bond fatty acid=

Monosaturated


Polysaturated


Protein

Complex group of amino acids containing acids


Used for growth and repair

What do amino acids contain

Nitrogen co2 hydrogen 02

After protein is broken down into its amino acids-used to make other proteins.. What is this called

Non essential amino acids

Fibre

Dietary fibre comprises of edible parts of plants that are not broken down and absorbed in the small intestine


Helps reduce blood cholesterol

Minerals

Inorganic chemicals required for blood functions e.g bone growth and energy metabolism

Calcium=


Magnesium=


Phosphorus=


Sodium


Potassium=


Iron=


Bone and teeth


Electrolyte balance


Bone and teeth


Regulate body temperature


Formation of haemoglobin

Vitamin

Complexed compounds with variety of functions e.g energy metabolism

Vitamin A


Vitamin D


Vitamin K

Vitamin A=


Skin, normal growth, vision


Vitamin D=


UV rays hormone controlling


vitamin k=


Essential for blood clotting

Water

Provides the medium for most reactions to occur in the body


Lubricant for joints and eyes


Helps to regulate body temperature