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14 Cards in this Set

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Initial triage

-RR & effort


-Skin color


-Response to environment

Primary assessment

-Airway


-Breathing


-Circulation


-Disability


-Exposure

Secondary assessment, stabilized

-VS


-Pain


-History


-Head to toe: least to most invasive

Airway obstruction

-Foreign body aspiration: COD <1y


-Peak age <3y


-Aspiration pneumonia


-CPR

Shock

-Inadequate oxygenation d/t unstable physiological state


-Prolonged -> irreversible tissue & organ damage


-Hypotension: LATE sign


-Tachycardia, tachypnea, vasoconstriction

Hypovolemic shock

def

Distributive shock

def

Cardiogenic shock

def

Shock: goals

-Maintain tissue perfusion by improving CO


-Ensure oxygenation


-Prevent infection

Blunt trauma

-Falls


-Motor vehicle accidents


-Waddell's triad of injuries

Poison ingestion

-Adolescents: deliberate


-No syrup of ipecac to induce vomit

Near drowning

-Hypoxia


-Mgmt: depends on degree of cerebral insult

Burns

-Heat, electrical, chemical, radiation


-Face, hands, feet, perineum


-Increase serious effects d/t increased BSA, ECF


-Rule of 9's NOT for children: Lund Browder Chart

Burns: mgmt

-Large quantities of IV fluids


-Close hemodynamic monitoring


-Premedicate dressing canges


-Topical antimicrobial agents with dressing changes: aid debridement


-Increased caloric, protein, carb needs


-Infection