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86 Cards in this Set

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Urine Output

40 mL/Hour
Heart Rate (Adult)

60 - 100 bpm
Diagnostic Chest Percussion

Resonant
Breath Sounds

Vesicular

Heart Sounds

S1 S2

Blood Pressure (adult)


120/80


range 90/60 - 120/90


Intracranial Pressure ICP
5 - 10 mmHg
Cerebral Perfusion Pressure CPP

70 - 90 mmHg

Exhaled Carbon Monoxide FEco

<7 for Non smokers

Red Blood cell count RBC


4 - 6 mill/mm3


Hemoglobin Hb

12 - 16 gm/100 mL blood

Hematocrit Hct

40% - 50%

White Blood Cells


5,000 - 10,000 per mm3


Platelet count

150,000 - 400,000/mm3

Potassium K+

4.0 mEq/L

Sodium Na+

140 mEq/L
Chloride Cl-

90 mEq/L

Bicarbonate HCO3-

24 mEq/L
Creatinine


0.7 - 1.3 mg/dL


test for kidney


Blood Urea Nitrogen BUN


8 - 25 mg/dL




test for kidney


Clotting time
up to 6 minutes

Activated Partial Thromblastin Time APPT

24 - 32 seconds
Prothrombin Time PT


12 - 15 Seconds

Troponin


<0.1 ng/mL


Test for MI


Brain Natriuretic Peptide BNP

<100 pg/mL


Test for CHF


>300 Mild


>600 Moderate


>900 Severe

Term Infant

38 - 42 weeks

Infant APGAR Score

7 - 10

Infant temperature


36.5 C
Infant Heart Rate

110 - 160 bpm
Infant Blood Pressure

60/40 mmHg

Infant Birth weight


3000g or 3 Kg

Silverman Score


0 - 10


the higher the number the greater the distress


Infant Dubowitz Score

40

Infant Blood Glucose


>30 mg/dL

L/S Ratio


2:1 or higher


Mean Arterial Pressure MAP

93 - 94 mmHg


Right Arterial Pressure or


Central Venous Pressure CVP

2- 6 mmhg


4 - 12 CmH2O

Left Atrial Pressure

2 - 6 mmHg
Right Ventricle Pressure

20/0 mmHg

Left Ventricle Pressure

120/0 mmHg
Pulmonary Capillary Pressure

8 - 10 mmHg
Pulmonary Artery Pressure PAP


25/8 mmHg


Mean 13 - 14 mmHg


Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure


PCWP


4 - 12 mmHg

Cardiac Output CO

4 - 8 L/min
Cardiac Index CI

2.5 - 4 L/min/m2

Pulse Pressure

40 mmHg

Systemic Vascular Resistance SVR


<20 mmHg/L/min


1600 dynes/sec/m5


Pulmonary Vascular Resistance PVR


<2.5 mmHg/L/min


200 dynes/sec/m5

Cuff Pressure


20 - 25 mmHg


25 - 35 CmH2O

Laryngoscope Blade Size


Adult 3


Pediatric 2


Term Infant 1


Preterm Infant 0


ET tube sizes

Adult Male 8.0 - 8.5 mm


Adult Female 7.0 - 7.5 mm


Term Infant 3.0 - 3.5 mm


Preterm Infant 2.5 - 3.0 mm


Et tube Markings


Oral Intubation 21 - 25 cm at lips


Nasal intubation 26 - 29 cm at nares


Capnography ETCO2

30 torr


3% - 5%

Pulse Oximetry

93% - 97%

Carboxy Hemoglobin COHb


0% - 1%




higher than 20% give 100% O2 and Hyperbaric Chamber Therapy

PAO2

Varies directly on patient's FiO2 and Pb

Aa Gradient


Varies directly on patient's FiO2


25 - 65 torr on 100% normal value


66 - 300 torr V/Q Mismatch


>300 torr Shunting = Refectory Hypoxemia

P/F ratio


>380 torr normal value


less than 300 ALI


less than 200 ARDS



CaO2

17 - 20 vols%

CvO2

12 - 16 vols%

C(a-v)O2

4 - 5 vols%


Qs/Qt


Shunt


3% - 5%
SaO2


98%


95% - 100%


Oxygen Index OI

<10


Vd/Vt


dead space to tidal volume


20% - 40%


Arterial Blood Gas ABG


pH 7.40


PaCO2 40


PaO2 97


HCO3 24


BE -2 - +2



Infant ABG

pH <7.30


PaCO2 <50


PaO2 >60


Calibration Syringe


3.0L


Range 2.895 - 3.105 L


Maximum Inspiration Pressure MIP

80 CmH2O

Maximum Expiratory Pressure MEP

160 CmH20

FEV1/FVC

83%
FEF 200 - 1200

6.0 L/sec or 80% of predicted or higher

FEF 25 - 75%
4.7 L/sec or 80% of predicted or higher
Peak Expiratory Flow Rate PEFR

10 L/sec (600 L/min) or 80% of predicted
Air way Resistance RAW

0.6 - 2.4 cmH2O/L/sec

Static Lung Compliance

60 -100 mL/cmH2O
DLco

25 mL CO/min/mmhg STPD

FEV1

4.0 L or 80% of predicted or higher

Vital Capacity VC

65 - 75 mL/ Kg or 10 X Vt

Mean Airway pressure Paw

5 - 10 cmH2O

Anatomic Dead Space

1 mL/lb of IBW

1 HZ


60 cycles/min



iNO


start at 20 ppm


can go from 20 ppm to 40 ppm don't exceed 80 ppm


to discontinue slowly go to <20 ppm


may cause MetHb NO2 and


Rebound Pulmonary Hypertension is lowered to quickly



AHI Apnea Hypopnea Index


# of apneas / # of hours of sleep


mild 5 - 15


moderate 16 - 30


severe >30

Pre and Post Bronchodilators
Has to be an increase of 12% or 200 mL in FEV1
VC

4.8 L or 80% of predicted or higher